Advertisement Hide. Authors view affiliations Diana Q. Front Matter Pages i-xv. Pages Q: Why are there so many French expressions in the novel? But it may be helpful to recognize that Edna Pontellier herself understands French and French culture imperfectly. She is not from Louisiana and did not grow up a Roman Catholic. She is out of her Kentucky or Mississippi Presbyterian environment, out of her native element.
So to some extent your puzzlement over those French expressions may be similar to hers. A: Yes.
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The language in Chapter 27 reflects literary conventions of the s. Kate Chopin almost certainly would not have found a publisher for the novel if she had included more sexually explicit phrasing. Q: In Chapter 30 of the novel a character named Gouvernail mutters two lines of poetry. Do you know where they came from? There was a graven image of Desire Painted with red blood on a ground of gold Passing between the young men and the old, And by him Pain, whose body shone like fire, And Pleasure with gaunt hands that grasped their hire.
Of his left wrist, with fingers clenched and cold, The insatiable Satiety kept hold, Walking with feet unshod that pashed the mire. The senses and the sorrows and the sins, And the strange loves that suck the breasts of Hate Till lips and teeth bite in their sharp indenture, Followed like beasts with flap of wings and fins.
Death stood aloof behind a gaping grate, Upon whose lock was written Peradventure. Q: In Chapter 22, what does Dr. I cannot find this anywhere in research about the book. Can you confirm this? Nothing in any of those comments mentions the possibility of a masturbation incident in the book. It is clear that masturbation was not one of the reasons the book was attacked by critics in the s.
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About the first question, here is what two Chopin scholars have to say:. I have run into no articles citing masturbation and Chopin. The translation is a somewhat slow, but very joyful adventure so far. I came across this website and I thought maybe I can get some help here. David Z. They would leave their card with the butler or on a tray in the foyer. Kathleen Butterly Nigro: I think the translator may be confused by the tradition of the set day of the week during which a women was required to accept visitors.
To refuse to do so or to be away from home was a serious breach of etiquette. What might help is to understand the etiquette of the calling card. In its colonies, officials, military and naval officers, and their wives practiced this custom as well. In New Orleans, the antique shops still offer the small silver trays that were used for collecting the engraved cards. It would be chez moi or chez nous now, but then? The one difference I have is this: the calling day reception day was for women to visit women, in the afternoons.
Husbands were not generally involved. The wives, as Chopin shows, were not consulted, just expected to do this. Chopin wrote The Awakening in St.
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That may be why and how Kate Chopin decided to have Edna violate the visiting rules of her society. Chopin did, too. The social practice actually began in France in the 17th century. The social etiquette spread across Europe, but became strong especially in Britain. For example, if the card had an edge turned up, it was delivered by the person, and if it were flat, it would have been delivered by a servant.
Even the arrangement of the received cards suggested a hierarchy. Molly Brown had the silver tray in the foyer and adhered to this practice.
This social custom made it as far west as Denver. Is it a real song, or did Kate Chopin make it up? Their responses:. It seems the song was written about There is online a Balfe fan site and the sheet music for the song. Is it possible that Chopin heard the Balfe song performed and simply recalled it imperfectly? A puzzle. Jenny Lind and Adelina Patti both sang Balfe songs and arias; the singers visited New Orleans well before Chopin arrived, but they were so popular in the city—and nationally—that the music they sang at the French Opera House was likely picked up by local and other visiting singers.
These singers also performed in St. And so Chopin could have heard the lyrics, remembered the key phrase, and used it. Variety broadcasts. A holdover from Victorian days I think. Ah well, that was a long time ago. Was she involved in any other historically significant happenings of her time? A: Kate Chopin was an artist, a writer of fiction, and like many artists—in the nineteenth century and today—she considered that her primary responsibility to people was showing them the truth about life as she understood it. She was not a social reformer.
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Her goal was not to change the world but to describe it accurately, to show people the truth about the lives of women and men in the nineteenth-century America she knew. She was the first woman writer in her country to accept passion as a legitimate subject for serious, outspoken fiction. She is in many respects a modern writer, particularly in her awareness of the complexities of truth and the complications of freedom.
Artists like Kate Chopin see the truth and help others to see it. Once people are able to recognize the truth, then they can create social reform movements and set out to correct wrongs and injustices. A; Yes, many have. Rosowski considers The Awakening a prototype of the novel of awakening. Q: Do critics ever write about clothing and fashion in The Awakening? A: Yes, that subject has often come up. A: Not so far as we can tell. But it is true that The New York Times on July 6, , reported that the Evanston, Illinois, Public Library had removed from its open shelves The Awakening and other books that the library board found objectionable the article is on p.
Charles Johanningsmeier University of Nebraska at Omaha has published an important article showing that trying to understand if The Awakening was banned at other places is very complex. His conclusion:. A: Sorry, but we know of no explanation for who changed the title or why. A rumor in an St. Louis newspaper review suggests that the publisher changed it. I would like to know how many pages it has. A: It has pages. You can verify that by checking the rare book area of some libraries, like the library at the Missouri History Museum in St.
Louis, Missouri, USA. Q: Has The Awakening been translated into other languages? It appeared in a French translation by Cyrille Arnavon in The Awakening has also been translated again into French and into many other languages. You can see which languages and look at some book covers on our Translations page. Q: Has The Awakening been made into a film? A: Yes, there are at least two versions. Also, earlier, in , director Bob Graham did a feature-length version of the novel called The End of August.
The listing includes nine films—long and short—made between and There is, in addition, what many critics consider a fine novel by Robert Stone called Children of Light , about a production company making a film of The Awakening using a performer struggling with some of the same issues that Edna struggles with. A: Unfortunately, there is no such film.
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The trailer you saw is a fake. It was put together by cutting segments of other films and assembling them in a way that makes the imaginary film look almost real. About this book Introduction This study examines contemporary Spanish dystopian literature and films in directly related to the financial crisis from an urban cultural studies perspective.
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