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Translations from Latin, Hebrew and Aramaic, grammar treatises and even dictionaries and guides to translation make this collection rich in cultures from around the world. To which is annexed his Gardine of recreation yeelding six thousand Italian prouerbs. Library copy. Orwin] for Thomas Woodcock, dwelling at the Black-beare, While we have attempted to accurately maintain the integrity of the original work, there are sometimes problems with the original work or the micro-film from which the books were digitized.
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John Florio | English lexicographer | qyjywolu.tk
English specialists of the 18th century describe him as "a phantom who never existed". We have the second edition of the Flores, published in London in Our copy once used to belong to Johann Philipp Krug's — collection, the owner's autograph appearing on the title page. It is known that histories were the most valuable part of this private library, which was bought by the Russian Academy of Sciences in Illustration 1. Londini, ex officina Joannis Daij, Illustration 2.
The works of William Camden — , the antiquary and historian who was called the "English Strabo", were extremely popular in 16th- and 17th-century England. The first edition of the famous Britannia appeared in , but within four years four new editions were published, three in London and one in Frankfurt. We have the second edition of Camden's history, printed in This work, published in English, enjoyed great popularity.
The next book to deserve mention is Rerum Anglicarum scriptores by Henry Savile — , the most educated Englishman in the field of secular literature in Elizabethan England. The first edition has a beautifully engraved title page, illuminations and initials in the text. Savile was notably a friend of Thomas Bodley and assisted him in the foundation of the famous library.
Scholars in the field of English military history will undoubtedly be interested in the excellent materials contained in The theorike and practike of moderne warres … London, ,  the first edition of a theoretical treatise written by the military writer and poet, Robert Barret, who died in The book is written in English, in the form of a dialogue between a gentleman and a captain. The style demonstrates the author's literary background and adherence to the Renaissance tradition.
There are many underlinings and handwritten notes in English in the volume. Most of these notes are short citations. The volume has an "academic" binding of the 18th century, traditional for our library, and the flyleaves are of "peacock's feather" — a special type of paper. These features place this particular volume among the earliest books in our collection.
Through Language to Culture
Illustration 3. The title page of Robert Barret's The theorike and practike of moderne warres… London, printed for William Ponsonby, Our library also has a copy of a curious and rare book called Of the Russe Common Wealth …, written by Giles Fletcher the Elder and published in London in During Boris Godunov's rule there was a special embassy led by Jeremias Horsey, whose reputation in Muscovite political circles was not very high.
It is evident that Fletcher's book was not welcome at that time because it described Russian morals and manners in a negative light. The Muscovite Trade Company prohibited the so-called "harmful" publication and almost the entire edition was destroyed. It was only 52 years later, in the middle of the 17th century, that Fletcher's book was reprinted.
Illustration 4. Or, maner of governement by the Russe Emperour… Londini, printed by T. Dawson for Thomas Charde, The 16th century was a period of the great geographical discoveries which made England one of the great seapowers. This gave many energetic men an opportunity to implement their plans and publishing ideas.
One of them was Richard Hakluyt ? Illustration 5. The publication of The Principall Navigations … gave its author an international reputation: Dutch merchants consulted Hakluyt when they prepared an expedition to the North, and the Flemish painter and editor Theodor de Bry benefited from Hakluyt's book when preparing an edition of the illustrated history of geographical discoveries in four languages.
Hakluyt had close contacts with many illustrious Englishmen of his time. For example, the famous "sea-wolf", traveller and adventurer, Walter Raleigh, provided him with descriptions of his voyages. Another publication dealing with geographical explorations is The first Booke of the Historie of the Discouerie and Conquest of the East Indias …, written by Fernando Lopes de Castanheda and translated into English by Nicholas Lichefield London, Our copy of the first edition of The Principall Navigations probably belonged to one of the English book collections acquired by the Library of the Academy of Sciences in the 18th century.
This volume may have belonged to Pitcairne's or Erskine's private book collections of Peter the Great's time. There are, however, no particular owner's inscriptions on the title page of this book. The next books will be of interest to specialists in the English and Latin languages, philosophy and history: Bibliotheca scholastica. A double dictionarie, penned for all those that would have within short space the use of the Latin tongue,… Compiled by John Rider, Master of Arts, published in like the first edition of Hakluyt's The Principall Navigations. The title page is illuminated by an engraving of the editor's stamp of "Academiae Oxoniensis" with the motto: "Sapientiae et felicitatis".
According to the title this reference work was intended for scholars, courtiers, lawyers, travellers and merchants "within her Majesties Realmes of England and Ireland". Judging by the owners' notes, it had belonged to various people, evidence of the great interest in such literature.
One of the owners was a certain Otto Hildebrand, who lived in the 17th century and was, judging by the inscription on the title page, an apothecary by profession: "Sum Ottonis Hildebrand: pharmacop: ". Yocartus, one of the former owners of this copy, had preferred Latin to the vernacular and played with the shades of meaning of two adjectives sharing a common root, praeclarus and clarus. This dictionary probably came to our library at the beginning of the 18th century, because the symbol "Gr.
Thus Rider's reference book formed part of the earliest book collection of the Library of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Illustration 6. A double dictionarie…. Oxford, by Joseph Barnes, Illustration 7. Speaking of philological rarities, it is necessary to mention the works by John Florio ? Florio's first philological book was printed in London in when he was twenty-five years old. We have two beautiful editions of the s. One is Florios Second frvtes, To be gathered of twelue Trees, of diuers but delightsome tastes to the tongues of Italians and Englishmen, published in London in The other volume, A Worlde of Wordes, Or Most copious, and exact Dictionarie in Italian and English, collected by John Florio, printed in London in ,  is interesting from the linguistic point of view, with a number of English equivalents to Italian words.
This copy of is important for the history of bibliophilism. There are four owner's autographs in three languages: Italian, English and Greek. John Roberts, who probably lived in England at the end of the 16th and the beginning of the 17th century, was the first of them. Judging by the stamp on the title page and the mark "Gr" 'grammatica' at the end, this copy must have been in our library in the first half of the 18th century.
Florio, John. Blount, The title page, a list of sources used in the compilation and the first page of dictionary entries.
Florios second frvtes
There is also an excellently engraved first edition of a 16th-century anatomy book in our library: Compendiosa totius Anatomie' delineatio…per Thomam Geminum. This work was printed at John Herford's press in London in October, This English edition of reproduced Vesalius's work on anatomy, published at Basle in The book has an engraved frontispiece, illustrated by allegorical figures surrounding the royal arms in the centre.
Scholarly opinion considers the engravings of this edition to be the earliest copperplates known in England. The difference between the styles of the engraved frontispiece and the anatomical plates is marked. While the former represents the manner of the Fontainebleau school, the engraved anatomical plates display the characteristics of Italian Renaissance woodcuts.
The frontispiece was probably designed by a different hand, while Gemini had made the anatomical engravings. Our copy of Compendiosa…delineatio probably came from a private German collection, judging by the numerous inscriptions written in German in a 17th-century hand on the leaves containing the engraved anatomical drawings. We have recently received a very interesting botanical book compiled by a famous scientist of the 16th century, John Gerard — There is a large number of pictures of various plants in this volume. As a whole, the engraved title page, the numerous illustrations of the text, and the high-quality printing — all typify the printer of this book, John Norton, who was three times Master of the Stationers' Company.
Books printed in Scotland occupy a special place among the rare old printed books of the 16th century. There are a few works written by the famous Scottish writer and historian George Buchanan — : Rerum Scoticarum Historia … Edinburgh, and  and De jvre regni apud Scotos dialogvs … Edinburgh, Of the first-mentioned work we have two copies of the edition — one of these, originally part of a private collection, is bound with Rerum Britannicarum Leiden, ; the other is a separate volume, with the owner's inscription — later crossed out — on the title page: "Mr Ro[bert] Smith knight this book and no other.
There are numerous notes in Latin in the text. This copy is distinguished by a typical 17th- and 18th-century "English" binding in brown leather with characteristic linear stamping. It belonged to the original midth-century English collection of our library, with the mark "Brit. The most interesting old Scottish book among our holdings is contained in a publisher's collection consisting of three historical works: 1 The Actis and Constitutiounis of the Realme of Scotland … Edinburgh, ; 2 The Actis of the Parliament of…James the sext ,… Edinburgh, ; 3 In the Parliament of the Richt Excellent…James the sext … Edinburgh, On some pages of this volume, we can read the owner's name, John Maisson and the date The owner was probably John Mason — , the founder of New Hampshire and the author of an extremely rare work, A Briefe Discourse of the Newfoundland, with the situation, temperature, and commodities thereof … Poetical works by English authors are represented by an interesting collection of rhymes, written by the famous poet laureate John Skelton — and printed in London around the s—s.
It is well known that the poet was rewarded with the honourable title "poeta laureatus" in the late fifteenth century by the universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Louvain and had the reputation of being an indefatigable satirist. With such a fame Skelton survived, despite his attitude towards the clergy and persons of high rank, an attitude exemplified by the poem "Collin Clout", contained in this volume. Judging by the owner's autograph on the title page, the book was one of the English rarities in a very interesting private collection, that of Rudolph von Strauch, Duke of Courland.
Von Strauch was an expert on old European books and travelled to various countries, including England. He was a large landowner and the author of History of Liefland. It is quite possible that this volume once belonged to one of the British university libraries. It certainly contains caricatures of certain professors, drawn by irreverent students.
Two pages from Vergilius Maro, Publius. Copland, England in the 16th century had a rich literary tradition, but there were also important changes in the sphere of ideas and beliefs, reflected in an influx of new theological publications. Any edition of the English Bible is thus a profitable source for investigators. We have one copy of the Bible, printed in and "translated according to the Ebrew and Greek, and conferred with the best translations in divers languages" as the title page claims.
We can examine the original English binding, which is a rare opportunity. It is a beautiful book-cover, made of brown leather with the date "" and the first owner's name "Hans. Davit Slovne". We have not been able to find any information about Slovne; this name is probably related to the well-known Scottish name Sloane.
Frontispiece, title page, first page and ex libris. Considering that the sermon was the favourite form of theological literature in the 16th century, it is not surprising to find the following two books in our collection: Hugh Latimer's ? For example, in March , Latimer, Ridley and Cranmer were sent down to Oxford to dispute with the best divines of both English universities on three articles touching the mass.
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- John Florio | English lexicographer | qyjywolu.tk;
In our copy belonged to a certain Philipp Williams, whose notes are found on the back of page The second book, Chrysostom's Homiliae , is interesting as a specimen of a Greek Father whose works were read and printed in 16th-century England. It was probably a serious scholarly edition because John Harmer — , professor of Greek at Oxford, took part in the preparation of both the first edition and of the second edition The second edition is notable for its beautiful Greek print with engraved initials and illuminations. There are various handwritten notes in the book.
The autographs of two English owners can be seen on the title page: "Benj. The first stamp of the Library of the Academy of Sciences of the 18th century and the mark "H. Books on law were printed and widely read in 16th-century England, including treatises on civil law, juridical acts, manuals, etc.
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Some lawyers became famous writers, like John Perkins who wrote a popular textbook for law students, A Profitable booke of Maister John Perkins felow of the inner Temple treating of the lawes of Englande , first printed in in Norman French and later reprinted in Latin. There is a Latin edition of in the collection of our library. Illustration Perkins, John.
London, apud Richardum Tottell, Literary, political, scientific, religious and legal publishing, printing and bookselling in England: New York, Five Hundred Years of Printing. Bristol, ; Clair, C. A History of European Printing. London, New York, San Francisco, English book collectors. London,