I'll put it into ref tags for now, feel free to delete it outright. I just don't see any good place to put them that doesn't cause them to appear little more than trivia. Oh, I also removed Cacambo's derivation from Caca. Probably should include that too. Should there be a list of a few references to Candide in popular culture, as for example in the TV programme "Sharpe's sword"?
Even beyond "references," I can't believe there's nothing about "Forrest Gump" in the Derivative Works section. I have re-activated the link to the Tailored Texts edition of 'Candide' in the original French. It is a unique resource in that it allows interactive annotations i.
Both of the latter catastrophes are frequently referred to in Candide and are cited by scholars as reasons for its composition. The earthquake had an especially large effect on the contemporary doctrine of optimism, a philosophical system which implies that such events should not occur. Optimism is founded on the theodicy of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz that says all is for the best because God is a benevolent deity.
The Monadology is actually very brief, only 90 paragraphs. Also, it is a stretch to say that Leibniz thought God was a "benevolent deity. Thus, the idea that this is the best of all worlds follows logically, but it has nothing to do with God's kindness or warm feelings for humanity. At least I was reminded of Candide when I saw it. Am I alone in perceiving some parallels? In the opening paragraph it is stated that Candide lives in an "Edenic paradise". I thought the irony was that, given Candide's shelteredness, what Voltaire considered a dismal part of Germany was considered the "best castle in the best province in the best of all possible worlds".
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