In a number of ancient religions, a life-death-rebirth deity is a deity which dies and resurrects. The death and resurrection of Jesus is the central focus of Christianity. In addition to David Stratton's great answer , reincarnation has a very different idea of the nature of the soul and spirit. As you can see in the word's form, it is based on incarnation , when a spirit takes on flesh. The Eastern religions which believe in reincarnation believe that the soul or spirit is eternal and just temporarily takes on a body. Several different religions have various teachings on reincarnation, including Hinduism, Jainism, Sikhism, and Taoism, among others.
Their teachings differ slightly, but all of them are in opposition to the tenets of the Christian resurrection.
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Here are some of the similarities and differences. In reincarnation, an individual dies and comes back to life again in a different body to live on earth again. In resurrection, the person rises from death with a new body, but with full consciousness of the past. In Revelation we learn of martyrs asking God when their deaths will be avenged, showing that they remember the past. In resurrection, both good and evil are raised to life to stand before God for judgment.
Judgment will depend on two deciding factors. If one has rejected God in life, then eternal damnation. Revelation portrays the Great White Throne judgment, where people are dealt with according to their names in the Book of Life, or according to their works. Several passages in the gospels teach us about how God will judge us and give us rewards.
The cycle of reincarnation continues multiple times. But resurrection happens once with few exceptions, such as Jesus raising someone from the dead earlier. Hebrews tells us that after we die once, then comes the judgment. Reincarnation is wholly impersonal; no God looks over the process.
But when we receive Christ and repent of our sins, God gives us the indwelling Holy Spirit to help us live righteous lives and prepare us for a favorable judgment. This is an emphasis made in various verses of the Bible, whether in the Gospels or in the epistles of the apostles. For those reasons, Christianity and Islam have explicit mentions of resurrection of the dead in their respective Scriptures that talking about reincarnation would appear to be very absurd.
However, to understand resurrection, death must first be understood.
What about reincarnation?
Resurrection of the dead cannot be defined if death is not defined. However, in almost all of those instances, the subject of death is that of the death of souls. Noteworthy to state that in religions preaching resurrection, they also give importance to burying the dead instead of cremation. The ritual of burial is important. What is inside a grave? A grave has bones with dust covering it. When we look at our bodies, we also see bones with dust covering it. Therefore, our bodies are graves for our souls. Those whom they invoke besides Allah create nothing and are themselves created. They are things dead, lifeless: nor do they know when they will be raised up.
Your Allah is one Allah, as to those who believe not in the Hereafter, their hearts refuse to know, and they are arrogant. It portrays that those who do not surrender to G-d are truly dead and not alive.
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They are described as being arrogant with an ego. People walking the earth and think they are alive, while in fact, they are spiritually dead. Allah can make any that He wills to hear; but you cannot make those to hear who are buried in graves. Again, this continues to allude to those who are spiritually alive. We have not instructed him Prophet in poetry, nor is it meet for him: this is no less than a Message and a Qur'an making things clear: That it may give admonition to any who are alive, and that the charge may be proved against those who reject Truth. It does not talk about the death of bodies.
Also, it describes what appears to be living bodies, which is made of earth, as graves of the dead souls. Also, as the Islamic pilgrimage Hajj describes the journey of a dead soul into life, Surah al-Hajj emphasizes the resurrection of those who are in their graves, which may also be understood as dead souls in moving bodies to be resurrected. After all, the Hajj does portray bodies moving, but still wearing a funeral shroud, because it is not the body, but the soul inside it that is truly dead. During the Crucifixion of Christ, the tombs of righteous people were opened and their bodies came out of their tombs.
The earth shook, the rocks split 52 and the tombs broke open. The bodies of many holy people who had died or slept were raised to life.
What is the difference between Reincarnation and Resurrection?
The mutual rivalry for piling up the good things of this world diverts you from the more serious things , 2. Until you visit the graves. But nay, you soon shall know the reality.
Again, you soon shall know! Nay, were you to know with certainty of mind, you would beware!
You shall certainly see Hell-Fire! Again, you shall see it with certainty of sight! Then, shall you be questioned that Day about the joy you indulged in! Were they to know true reality, they would see Hell in front of their eyes. The term means to form in a particular shape, to describe, to be convinced, and to represent allegorically. This may be understood that people do not understand the allegory portrayed for the true reality.
If people understand true reality then they will understand that the bodies of people walking are an allegorical representation of graves, in which the dead souls are encaged. If they have understood true reality, then they will see Hell in front of their eyes. They will understand that this life along with its suffering is in itself Hell. They are living dead in the realm of the dead. Of those who reject faith the patrons are the evil ones: from light they will lead them forth into the depths of darkness shadow of death.
They will be companions of the fire, to dwell therein Forever. The blind and the seeing are not alike; Nor are the depths of Darkness shadow of death and the Light; Nor are the cool shadow and the genial heat of the sun: Nor are alike those that are living and those that are dead. Not only is the meaning of the dead and alive made to be metaphorical, but the whole context is an allegory.
Those who are blind in contrast to those who see, is a metaphoric analogy as those who hear the words of G-d and those who do not. It is not specifically the physical eyes that are blind, but it is the inner spiritual eye that is considered blind in this analogy. This is the same as the contrast between darkness and light, as well as those under the shadow and those who are not. Truly it is not their eyes that are blind, but their hearts which are in their breasts. Thus to those without faith their own deeds seem pleasing.
G-d warns Adam and Eve that if they do, they will surely die. Actually, the Serpent in the Garden argues with Eve the definition of death.
Can reincarnation and resurrection be reconciled?
The Serpent says that they would not certainly die. In other words, G-d tells Adam and Eve not to eat from the Tree lest they die die. Then, when Eve tells the Serpent that they should not eat from that Tree lest they die, the Serpent argues that they would not die die. Death that G-d warns is the death of their soul. Although they do eventually bodily die, their souls died instantly once they ate from the Tree.
Jewish and Christian commentators of the Torah agree in the principle of spiritual death that occurred in the Garden. It is the death of the soul that is certain death, according to the Torah. As the soul dies, it is the soul that needs to be resurrected to life. According to Christianity, Jesus Christ undoes what Adam had done. He undoes the original sin. He brings back to life the dead souls. In fact, multitudes have embraced the odd predilection that Scripture actually promotes reincarnation.
In reality, however, the Bible makes it crystal clear that reincarnation and resurrection are mutually exclusive.
To begin with, the resurrectionist view of one death per person is mutually exclusive from the reincarnationist view of an ongoing cycle of death and rebirth. In sharp contrast to a worldview in which humanity perfects itself through an endless cycle of birth and rebirth, the Christian worldview maintains that we are vicariously perfected by the righteousness of Christ Philippians Furthermore, the biblical teaching of one body per person demonstrates that the gulf between reincarnation and resurrection can never be bridged.