Meantime, our valorous King James took up his position on the Burgh Muir ; but after some skirmishing and little bloodshed, Bothwell withdrew to Dalkeith, and thence to the Borders. Before engaging in these treasonable enterprises, Bothwell took the precaution of making over his large estates, including the superiority of the lands of Whitehouse, to his stepson, Sir Walter Scott of Buccleuch, who was infefted therein by Charter under the Great Seal dated 1st October In the year he was created Lord Scott of Buccleuch.
Francis Bothwell, the eldest son of the deceased Earl, obtained, on the occasion of his marriage with Isobel Seton, daughter of Robert, first Earl of Winton, a rehabilitation under the Great Seal on 30th July These he afterwards sold to his relative George, third Earl of Winton, whose title appears in the Great Seal on 1st March He acted as Commissary General of the Army of the Solemn League and Covenant when it entered England in in support of the English parliamentary forces, and his accounts of expenses, etc.
He was an 1 Great Seal, vi. In he attended Charles n. Along with many other members of the Committee of Estates, he was cleverly captured at Alyth by the Cromwelhan forces, and sent a prisoner into England. He did not, however, long enjoy his honours, as his death occurred on 13th June Hugh, the last Viscount Primrose, sold the superiority of the lands of Whitehouse in to Sir James Justice of Crichton, from whom it was conveyed in virtue of the titles undernoted to John Davidson of Whitehouse in The last vassal mentioned was Robert Herreis, 2 and the next known was Alexander Clerk of Stenton, sometime Provost of Edinburgh, who completed his title by Sasine recorded 14th July He had a somewhat unfortunate career as a minister, as he 1 Register of Signatures, 9th Sept.
On Confirmation by Gilbert Gourlay of Grange. On Disposition by James Clerk. The title next passed to Gilbert Robertson of Muir- toune, Merchant in Edinburgh, and Janet Grahame, his spouse, 4 and thence to his son, John Robertson, 5 by whom the lands were conveyed to Jean Livingstoun, 6 who married Alexander Biggar of Gairnshall. In she completed her title to Whitehouse by Sasine proceeding on Charter of Resignation by the tutors to Archibald, Earl Primrose, who is correctly designed Patron of the Prebend of Whitehouse. Sasine, 15th Feb. On Disposition by James Christie of Stentoune.
This plot origin- ally formed a portion of 'these twelve acres of arable land and three grass wards on the east thereof, bounded by the high road i. Morningside Road on the west, the Muir commonly called the two parts of the back Muir on the east, the lands now called Canaan upon the south, and the lands commonly called Andrew Stevenson's lands on the north ; x as also these twelve acres of land, lying towards St. Gillie Grange, bounded by the foresaid two parts of said back Muir on the west, the lands of Grange upon the east and south-east, the Chappie commonly called St.
Rollocks or Simon Rollock's Chaple or Kirk, with the acres thereto belonging upon the south-west, and the lands of Whitehouse upon the north. In the Decreet of Sale John Ross, evidently a surveyor, deponed ' that the foresaid two southmost laigh parks. Whitehouse Loan — which leads to his house and lands of Whitehouse, and upon the west of said lands. Davidson leaving out part of his ground to widen the entry to the road leading from thence to St.
Geill's Grange ' [i. Grange Loan]. It will be noticed, therefore, that John Davidson, Principal Clerk of Justiciary, acquired in the course of time the pro- perties which now comprise the lands of Whitehouse, viz. The right of property to the lands of Whitehouse by Sasine in his favour, recorded 20th August At his death Davidson's financial affairs fell into difficulties, and after prolonged litigation, his creditors in sold the lands of Whitehouse, with its component parts and rights as above men- tioned, to Norman M'Leod of M'Leod, 1 who in turn conveyed them on 7th November to Alexander Fraser of Strichen, afterwards Senator of the College of Justice, in whose favour Charter of Resignation under the Great Seal was expede on 6th August Lord Strichen disponed the property to James Newbigging, writer, Edinburgh, who completed his title by Sasine recorded 12th April Office, Acts and Decreets, , 1.
Sasine, Kichard Woolley. On Disposition by James New- bigging. On Charter of Sale by Magistrates of Edin- burgh. Sasine, Richard Woolley, in lands of Whitehouse. On Charter of Resignation under the Great Seal. Sasine, Richard Woolley, in lands of Whitehouse and manor place. On Charter of Confirmation and Sale by himself.
The above five writs are recorded in the P. Having adjusted his title, Richard Woolley then sold his whole lands of Whitehouse to Mrs. James Gillis, R. On this piece of ground Mr. Gillis, afterwards designed Bishop Gillis, founded the Convent of St. In Mrs. Grant also feued to Bishop Gillis a triangular piece of ground consisting of 3 acres 2 roods 5f poles, 3 part of the lands of Whitehouse, the superi- ority of which was acquired in , by the Trustees for the Convent, 4 who at once consolidated the two rights now in their own hands.
The General was a celebrated cavalry officer who distinguished himself during the Indian Mutiny at the taking of Delhi, and commanded the British Forces 1 Sasine, 22nd November The Grants also feued out, in , to the Trustees for the College for Daughters of Ministers of the Church of Scotland and Professors in Scottish Universities, the plot of 2 acres 3 roods 22 poles situated to the east side of Kilgraston Road, between Dick Place on the north and Grange Loan on the south.
The sellers, however, reserved the long strip of ground on the east side of Kilgraston Road, between Beaufort Road on the north and Dick Place on the south, which they sold to the Edinburgh Southern Cemetery Company. The lands of Whitehouse are still vested in the hands of the two surviving brothers, William Crambe Reid and John Reid. Margaret is an off-shoot or congregation, was founded in , at Chavagnes, in France, by the Venerable Louis Marie Baudouin, a priest of Lucon.
The Rule is that of St.
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Augustine with the Constitution of St. Ignatius, and was expressly chosen by the Bishop from its modern touch as ' the one most likely to suit the requirements of this country. Margaret are bound to devote a certain portion of their time to the direct worship and praise of Almighty God ; but they also combine the active with the contemplative phase of life.
They undertake 1 Feu charter recorded 10th June Here, also, ladies find every facility for making spiritual retreats. Four hundred years ago — in the early months of the year — the Convent of Siena was built at the east end of the long ridge that overlooks Bruntsfield Links and the South Loch, now represented by the Meadows.
This was the last conventual building erected in Scotland in pre-Reformation times ; while St. Margaret's, which is situated at the west end, possesses the distinction of being the first convent established in our country subsequent to the Reformation. Both were nunneries, but in the former, the Black Sisters led a cloistered life, shut out from the world.
The worthy Bishop also regarded the name ' Whitehouse ' as a happy omen, as it is a literal translation of the Latin ' Candida Casa,' the name of the most ancient Christian establishment in Scotland. In the Bishop's Trustees acquired from Sir John Warrender a small piece of square yards, part of which has since formed the site of the tower ; and in the Sisters feued from Sir George Warrender a strip extending to S ioQO acres of ground, situated on the south side of Thirle- stane Road, for the purpose of preserving the amenity of their grounds.
Following the example of Sir George they feued out the present fine of flatted tenements forming the north side of Strathearn Road, and, as a prior measure, they dis- poned to the magistrates two strips of ground, one of feet and the other of feet, along Strathearn Road. Strath- fillan Road so far was also feued. Despite the excepted portions — the Grange of St. Giles, and the lands of Bruntisfield and Whitehouse — the Burgh Muir was sufficiently spacious in extent to give the gift a prominent place in the memory of the burghers of Edinburgh.
The earliest detailed description occurs in an action raised by David Preston of that ilk, laird of Craigmillar, against the magistrates regarding the gushet at Cameron, which was decided in their favour on 26th January Although originally only a mere track through the forest of Drumselch, this roadway is certainly one of the oldest in our country. Nearing the town it bifurcated, one portion continuing by the present Crosscauseway, Bristo, and Candlemaker Row to the West Bow, which, for many centuries, formed the principal entrance into Edinburgh ; while the other passed down the Pleasance.
The old road from Liberton, now known as Causewayside, became merged in the other roadway at the western end of the Crosscauseway. The present Morning- side Road, which is continued by the old Braid Road to Eairmilehead at the pass between the Braid Hills and Pent- lands, is also of ancient origin. The cambus-stane, and other prehistoric relics now swept away, furnish ample proof of this fact.
It then continued in a south-westward direction along what is now designated Newbattle Terrace. The conveyance of the ancient forest of Drumselch to the Parish Church of St. Giles and to the city, naturally destroyed its uses as a place for the royal hunt ; and our sovereigns for enjoyment of their sport betook themselves to the lands south- west of the Braid Hills, and, in particular, to the great valley of the Pentlands. This practice of our kings resulted in a grant, probably during the early years of the thirteenth century, of the Barony of Penicuik to the Penicuiks of that Ilk, under the curious reddendo of ' rendering three blasts of the horn on the Common Moor of Edinburgh, formerly called the Forest of Drumselch, at the chief hunting of the King thereon in name of blench farm.
To rebut this claim, the ancient infeftments were produced, and proved that the barony was held in blench farm. The ' recognition ' was accordingly relaxed, and the charter duly expede. These ancient infeft- ments, of which none is now on record, in all probability dated back to the thirteenth century, and the reddendo as it appeared in the original grant is undoubtedly repeated in this writ.
Tradition has long identified a stone, known as the Buckstane, and lying on the old Braid Road near the entrance to the Mortonhall Golf Course — but, therefore, situated beyond the limits of the Burgh Muir — as that on which the ancient lairds of Penicuik were wont to stand and with great solemnity blow the three blasts on the horn as the King rode past to the hunt. The farm situated a little farther south still bears the name of the Buckstane Farm, and the hill overlooking the site, that of the Buckstane Snab. Maitland, in his History of Edinburgh, asserts with much greater probability that the Buckstane was ' so-called, as 'tis said, from the King's Buck-hounds being unchained and thrown off at it,' and that it was at the Hare-stane situated ' almost opposite to the south-eastern corner of the Park-wall of Tipperlin lone ' now Albert Terrace that the laird of Penicuik stood and saluted the King with the three blasts on his horn.
There is a reference in the Town Council Register of the year to ' ane pece of land bewest the Standand Stane towards Tipperlin,' 4 and it is evident that this 'stand- and stane ' must be identical with that termed by Maitland 1 Great Seal, vii. This stone has been placed upon the west outer wall of Morningside Church, and is now known as the ' Bore Stone. He reached Roxburgh, where his army- had assembled, on 3rd July, and on the 7th he marched northward by way of Lauder and Dalhousie until, on the 11th, he arrived at the Braid Hills, described in the records as apud Brade.
A short rest of three days enabled him to complete his arrangements, and on the 15th, with a large and well-equipped army, he marched from the Braids down the ancient roadways now called the Old Braid Road and Morningside Road towards Falkirk, where Wallace with his scratch levies awaited his onslaught. When encamped at Linlithgow, Edward was seriously injured by a kick from his horse, yet, on the following day, the 22nd, he moved out against Wallace, whose army had been reduced by desertions among our Scottish nobility, and inflicted on him, but only after a stout resistance, a crushing defeat.
In the meantime three ambassadors — William de Belloforte Belfort , Johanne de Foresta, and Clement de Saviaco — from King Philip of France had arrived at the English en- campment on the Braids, and awaited the return of the English monarch. A treaty of alliance, offensive and defen- sive, had been drawn up in the royal palace at Paris, between John Balliol and King Philip on 23rd October , and this treaty formed the genesis of the famous Franco-Scottish Alliance which lasted, with, generally speaking, good results to both countries, for the long period of nearly three centuries.
Documents, Scot, ii. The latter attempted on several occasions to include the Scots as his allies within the scope of the treaty, 1 and on 21st June Edward declared he required time for consideration. In the meanwhile he pushed on his preparations for the intended campaign against Wallace. On the evening of 19th August, Edward returned by way of Morningside Road and the Old Braid Road to the royal tent in the English encampment on the Braids, and at once sent for the French ambassadors. Flushed with his victory at Falkirk, there was no longer any dubiety in his decision : he now emphatically declined either to deliver up Balliol, or to recognise the Scots in any other light than as rebel subjects of his own.
This was Edward's final answer, although Pope Boniface vni. The warlike Edward ja. The bull is dated 10th July. They were on their way to join the English King, who was then at Perth, and were under the impression that the whole country was in the possession of the English. Following the line of the Dalkeith Road, they crossed the Powburn, and on the Burgh Muir they encountered the Scottish forces under the Earl of Moray, one of the two guardians, and the Earl of March.
The foreigners, however, clad in armour and splendidly mounted, made a vigorous resistance ; and it was only the opportune appearance of reinforcements from the Pentlands under the Knight of Liddesdale, that enabled the Scots to drive them into the burgh itself by way of the Pleas- ance. Our ancient chroniclers relate with glee a marvellous in- cident that occurred in St.
Mary's Wynd. Sir David de Annand, a Scot, on being wounded by one of the enemy, turned in wrath on his assailant, and, raising himself in his stirrups, he struck him with his battle-axe such a powerful blow, that the weapon cut clean through both man and horse, and, finally, made a hole in the ground! Next morning they were forced to surrender. Moray and Douglas treated their captives handsomely ; the Count with all his knights and soldiers being granted their liberty without ransom, and escorted back to the English borders.
In a Scottish army assembled, for the first time known to history, on the Burgh Muir of Edinburgh. It con- sisted, it is alleged, of thirty thousand men mounted on small horses under the command of the Earls of Fife and Douglas, but no details of the gathering have been preserved. Beyond making an inroad into the north of England, this army failed to accomplish anything of importance.
They also carried King James to the Castle, where he was kept a prisoner until the 25th September of that year. The old road through the Easter Burgh Muir, long known as the Dalkeith Road, has been often crossed and re- crossed by our ' auld enemies of England ' during their many predatory and savage incursions ; but it has been also utilised on several notable occasions in Scottish history, the most important, and, perhaps, the happiest of which was the passage from Dalkeith Castle of the Princess Margaret of England on the 7th of August , when, as the bride of James IV. Accom- panied by a large retinue under the charge of the grim Earl of Surrey, the youthful Princess — she was barely fourteen years of age, and of small physique — reached the Castle of Dalkeith on Thursday, the 3rd of August, and here she rested for four days.
John Younge, the English Somerset Herald, acted as master of ceremonies, and it is from the official report 1 of this officer that we learn the details of what he terms the ' Fyancells of Margaret, eldest Daughter of King Henry vn. Within a few hours after her arrival at Dalkeith, the Princess was visited by her royal bridegroom and his younger 1 Leland's Collectanea, iv. It seems strange in modern eyes that, although by no means uncommon in those days, both the royal brothers should bear the Christian name of James. The King was dressed in ' a jakette of Cramsyn crimson velvet borded with Cloth of Gold, hys lewre behinde hys bake, hys beerde something long.
Ayala, the Spanish Ambassador, wrote five years previously that James ' never cuts his hair or his beard. It becomes him very well. And he in especiall welcomed the Erie of Surrey varey hertly,' whose fortune it was, ten years later, to command the English army on the fatal field of Flodden. Supper was then served, after which the Princess and Lady Surrey danced together. On the three following days, King James paid similar visits to his bride, and the evenings were passed merrily with dance and song, the King contributing his share by playing on the clavicord and the lute.
He was an excellent horseman, and, on leaving for Holyrood, he delighted in displaying his prowess before the admiring eyes of his bride and her ladies by vaulting into his saddle ' without puttinge the Foote within the sterrop. He says all his prayers. At length the procession was formed up to the Herald's satis- 1 Spanish Cal, i.
In front were the English minstrels, Johannes and his company, 1 and what we would term the ' state trumpeters,' followed by the Somerset Herald with his officers, and his sergeants of arms carrying maces in their hands. Then followed the Princess in her gaily adorned horse litter, surrounded by her footmen.
She was dressed in a gown of cloth of gold trimmed with black velvet, and wore a collar of pearls and precious stones. Behind her rode Sir Thomas Worteley, her Master of the Horse, leading her palfrey of honour, and, after him, came her ladies and gentlewomen, all ' varey richely appointed and mounted that it was a fayr syght. Her char or carriage, drawn by six horses with three postillions, came next in order, and in this car were three ladies ; while some other ladies of the household, who also rode on palfreys, brought up the rear of the procession.
When about a mile distant from Dalkeith, a large tame hart was brought from the King to run a course, but this Surrey forbade until his Majesty's arrival ; and shortly afterwards, when half-way towards Edinburgh, the king was descried galloping swiftly towards them on a bay horse as if chasing the hare — ' rennynge as he wold renne after the Hayre '! He was accompanied by a cavalcade of lords and gentlemen to the number of two hundred, including in their ranks the Archbishop of Glasgow, the Bishop of Moray, and the Earl of Bothwell. After kissing the little lady as she sat in her litter, the King again mounted his horse, and, as the procession restarted on its march, he took up his position with his escort of nobles behind the Princess, preceded by a gentleman usher carrying 1 Probably a band of musicians accustomed, like our modern brass bands, to play in the open air.
The trappings were of cloth of gold, and of crimson velvet interlaced with white and red. The horse, however, after a trial by the King with a page instead of the lady seated behind him, proved somewhat restive and was discarded. The palfrey of honour was thereupon brought for- ward, on which King James mounted with the Princess seated en pillion behind him, his Master of the Horse with five young gentlemen taking the place of the Princess's English footmen ; so that, as Younge narrates, ' it might be seen that shee was well accompanyed and richly.
After ascending the hill to the present Preston Street Board School, and turning thence along East and West Preston Streets, the procession passed along the eastern side of the South or Burgh Loch now represented by the Meadows until it reached a spot now covered by Buccleuch Street. Here the tame hart was unloosed and a hound slipped in pursuit, with the satisfactory result that, although hotly pursued, the hart reached its kennel in the town in safety.
On reaching the Candlemaker Row, the Earl of Bothwell took up his post in front of the King as the bearer of the sword of state, and at the ' foot ' of this street, which Younge identifies as the entrance to the town, ' wer many honest People of the Town and of the Countre aboute, honestly arayd, all on horsbak,' patiently waiting the appearance of the royal couple.
The minstrels, Johannes and his company? The worthy Herald then narrates with glee the enthusiastic reception accorded by the citizens to the King and the Princess in their progress through the city until their arrival at Holy- rood : ' The Towne of Edenbourgh was in many places haunged with tappisery, the howsis and wyndoes war full of Lordes, Ladyes, Gentylwomen, and Gentylmen, and in the Streytts war soe grett Multitude of People without Nombre, that it was a fayr Thynge to se. The marriage was celebrated with great magnificence on the following day in the Abbey Church ; but the King had been a Benedict for only one day when he had to submit to the curtailment of his beard at the hands of the Countess of Surrey and her daughter, Lady Gray.
The King's Charter of Towards the end of the fifteenth century considerable agitation arose in the city regarding the tenure under which 1 Sir James Balfour Paul, L. Accounts, ii. A petition signed by the leading burgesses was presented to the Council, and from a note in the Records we learn that on 25th June — ' After the catalogue of twenty-seven names of sum honest persounis of the town berand office, and of twelve deikens, it is said that and in lykewyse all the haill counsale, deikynis, and community consentit to the assedatioun of the space of the burrowmuir.
Feuing, no doubt, had existed in Scotland for manv centuries : and at last the Acts of of the Scottish Parliament 2 made it lawful not only to the Sovereign but also to every man ' baith spiritual and temporal ' to set their lands in feu. Then the condition of the Muir, as the haunt of rogues and vagabonds of all sorts, demanded some sort of supervision Great Seal, ii.
The restrictions in trade against what were called ' unfreemen ' were severe. But as wealth grew and civilisation and trade increased, these monopolies were found increasingly vexatious. The villagers complained that they had to go twenty miles to buy a pair of shoes ; travellers complained that they could not get refreshment or supplies between one royal burgh and another. The first book of the Register is evidently a collection of loose sheets, which at some period have been bound together to form a thin volume.
The most picturesque of these ' stonern ' tenements with timber fronts which remained intact down to recent times stood at the corner of the West Bow and the Lawn- market, and was wantonly demolished by the Improvement Commissioners in The erection of these timber frontages brought in its train further encroachments on the streets in the shape of fore-stairs, many of which were built of wood.
In the Council forbade the erection of these wooden fore-stairs ; 1 and in an Act was passed prohibiting entirely the building of stairs in front of houses upon the streets of Edinburgh. Flagstones or paymenting were used in St. Giles' and as bridges over syvers or open drains or sewers ; but the side walk or pavement was a device of the seventeenth century, and it was only in that the magistrates were empowered to make statutes ordaining all proprietors to form and main- tain walks of hewn stone in front of their tenements, and to exact from the burgesses the expense thereof.
City Arch. It is evident that the Town Councillors themselves ignored their own enactments against the erection of encroachments on the streets, for, from the Minutes of 17th March , vol. The city muniments have suffered irreparable damage at the hands of our ' auld enemies of England,' particularly during Hertford's invasion of May , and little is known of the early arrangements made by the Town Council for the feuing out of the Burgh Muir. On 24th April , the bailies gave sasine to sixteen feuars each in half an acre ' towards ' the Burgh Loch, and ' two acres and the half of an acre arable land lying with the larger measure, because that piece is in part barren, and not so fruitful as the other lands lying there- about.
For every tenandry in the said Muir should contain in whole three acres of land only to be built and cultivated, unless there be a reasonable cause of barrenness and unfruit- fulness. These sixteen were the forerunners of a long line of successors who have covered the Muir during the past four centuries with substantial evidences of their pros- perity. Sasine to Andro Bog ; on resignation by Walter Thomson, in his half acre beside the Burgh Loch, and his 2 1 acres to the south. Sasine, John Rowatt and spouse ; on his resigna- tion, in his acre at the Burgh Loch, and also his 2 acres.
Sasine, John Levington and spouse ; on his resignation, in his half acre of biggit land at the Burgh Loch, also 2- acres. Alexander Levington, evidently son of the above-men- tioned John Levington, was tried in before an assize — for the ' crewall slauchter of vmquhill Walter Jak vpoun the Borrowmuir of this burgh of Edinburgh in this last month of September bypast,' but was acquitted ' becaus thai cleirlie knew it was in his pure defence.
Jhone Levington petiit instrumentis. The dates of the excerpts run from to Compiled by Alexander Guthrie, Senior, At the same meeting of Council, Edward Litill, one of the bailies, protested in name and behalf of the ' haill communitie ' that the lands and acres of those who had failed to fulfil the conditions laid down in their titles should ' returne agane to the toune, and the panys raisit contenit in the said act.
Adam Otterburne, who summoned all having interest in the Muir to appear. The court thereupon declared that all who had failed in their obligations had ' tint the rychts thairof for ever. The division of the feus into half-acre lots for building, and two and a half for farming purposes was also withdrawn, and the South Muir, extending to eighty-one acres, was selected for division into twenty-seven parts or lots of three acres each among the various applicants.
It is indeed from this date that the actual feuing out of the Muir — other than the four and a half acres for St. John 1 Burgh Records, i. The parts or lots, which were all numbered, stretched along the banks of the Pow and south of the Grange Loan from the lands of Cameron on the east to the steading adjacent to St. Roque's Chapel on the west. In the division of the ground disputes naturally arose among the applicants, and, in consequence, the magistrates divided the feuing lots by ballot. On 26th November , twenty-five out of the twenty-seven vassals were infefted by sasine, and, for long afterwards, the number of the lot or the name of the first vassal furnishes the only means of identification.
These, however, are in many cases wanting. The following appear in the Extracts as having been infefted : — Sasine, Patrick Fleming, of 3 acres, having the lands of Cameron on the east, David Heriot, Lytster dyer , on west, Muir on north, and Powburn on south. Like wise, William Elphinston got sasine of the 6th part.
Item, Adam Otterburn of the 7th part containing 3 acres. Sasine, Francis Both well, of the 8th part. George Cant, of the 9th part. William Loch, of the 10th part. William Adamson, of the 11th part. Edward Kincaid, of the 12th part. Alexander Young, of the 13th part. Mawreis Copland, of the 14th part. Robert Watson, of the 15th part.
Patrick Fleming for George Fleming his son, of the 16th part. Robert Glen, of the 17th part. Francis Aikman, of the 18th part. John Watt, of the 19th part. David Ireland, of the 20th part. James Johnston for the Baxteris, of the 22nd part. James M'Gill, of the 23rd part. Alexander Wilkison, of the 24th part. David Dronar, of the 25th part. Thomas Bartraham, of the 27th part. James Henderson, of the 5th part. James Gilbert, for his father Michael Gilbert, of the 4th part. The third part, not noted above, was in the possession of the widow of Walter Chepman, who two years later was succeeded by Mr.
John Chepman, who was infefted by Sasine dated 15th February , 'in the lands of the deceased Walter Chepman in the Common Muir on the north side of the Kirk of the Seynis, containing the aucht part of an acre, with the kiln, barn, houses biggit and to be biggit, etc. John Chepman and Helen Smith his spouse. Bertram in Sciennes Road, and is of considerable interest, as it marks the residence of Walter Chepman, who introduced the art of printing into our country.
John Chepman was suc- ceeded in both subjects by Robert Chepman, whose Sasine is dated 15th February , 4 while Mawsey Chepman, brother and heir of Robert, completed his title to the same subjects by sasine dated 7th July Ultimately, all these twenty-seven lots, some under different mensurations, fell into the hands of the Dicks of Grange. The Flodden Campaign The greatest event in our national history, with which the Burgh Muir of Edinburgh is indelibly associated, is the disastrous Flodden campaign. In the middle of the summer of the year , our infatuated monarch, King James iv. The answer of the English King was equally defiant in tone — ' As you do to us and our Realm, so it shall be remembered and acquitted by the help of our Lord and our Patron, St.
Some chroniclers estimate its numbers at , men ; but that is certainly an exaggeration. In those days the population of our country was small. Then, the Borderers would join the army only when on its march southward, and we may, perhaps, 1 Infra, p. Drummond of Hawthornden, writing long after the event, describes the Muir as ' a field then specious and delightful by the shades of many stately and aged oaks,' and this de- scription may be held to be fairly accurate.
But it is doubtful if accommodation for so large a host with their followers could have been found within the limits of the Burgh Muir ; and it is probable that the great encampment, with its forest of tents and bivouacs of all kinds, crossed the southern limit of the Powburn and, pivoting round the Blackford Hill, swung for a few miles to the south-west and the south-east. During the reign of James iv. The artillery, however, was under the sole control of the King, and was not represented on the Muir. The keeping of big guns, owing to the heavy expenditure and organisation which they entailed, had gradually converged into the hands of the King, whose influence and power as against the nobility was thereby considerably enhanced, and herein lay, no doubt, the reason for King James's increased activities in the purchase abroad of cannon and munitions of every kind then in use.
Full text of "The Book of the Old Edinburgh Club. -- Vol. () ; N.S. Vol. 1 ()-"
Walter Logan, carter, was also employed with two carts ' to pas with the Kingis cofferis ' or military treasury chests. The succeeding entries in the Treasurer's Accounts relate to the furnishing of the royal banners and standards, and in their preparation serious delay must have occurred. We learn that two banners were made of blue taffety, each two ells in length, 1 for the two Scottish saints, St. Andrew and St. Margaret of Scotland, and a third banner for the King of red taffety four ells long ; while the King's standard was also made of taffety, but only three ells in length.
According to the old writers, a royal standard was usually nine yards in length. Balfour Paul's remarks as editor of the L. Balance on one foot for 10 seconds. Almost as if they will not realise that they are exercising. This can be done in a number of ways and here you will find a variety of ideas that your Cubs will thoroughly enjoy.
Another variation of an obstacle course is if you write down what needs to be done on individual sheets of paper. All of the papers are then put into a bag. Give each team the same instructions in a bag. Give a bag to each team. Get each team member to form a line and then let the first person in the line choose a piece of paper.
The person then has to complete that task and then continue with the remaining people in the team. This way, the orders in which the tasks are completed are different for each team. One way of doing this would be to exercise your brain, as if it were just another muscle. There are many ways to exercise your brain and most are very easy. By exercising your brain daily, you can ensure better mental functions for their future. To the right are four ideas that you could rotate on a weekly basis with a Cub Pack.
They are also not very time consuming so they would barely interfere with the scheduled meeting. They can also be incorporated into the meeting as I am sure that the Cubs will really enjoy each activity. If you make sign posts explaining what to do at each stage of the course they will have to read it to know how to complete their task. Memory exercises If you were to explain to the Cubs that you will be doing memory exercises I know that they would not be very enthusiastic. That is why we design exercises that are fun than a chore. By teaching the Cubs songs, dances etc they will be stimulating their brains without even realising.
Left Hand Writing or Vice Versa By trying to get the Cubs to write with the opposite hand that they would normally write with is extremely stimulating for their brain. Word Searches Word searches are enjoyable at any age but are particularly beneficial at a young age. A word search requires focus that would otherwise not be required. Obstacle courses for the Brain Everyone is aware of physical obstacle courses. Mental obstacle courses are the same idea but involve a number of different mental activities.
Doing a maths sum, then spelling a word, then doing a crossword, then a memory test etc. Once you are able to make the base and the sauce you can add whatever healthy toppings that you enjoy. This recipe can be quite tricky, so make sure you make it with your parents or leaders. Serves hungry cubs. Make the dough in your breadmaker on the dough setting. It should take around 45 minutes, but timing will vary according to your machine. If you do not have a breadmaker, use tepid water and add all dough ingredients to a bowl and mix by hand.
Then leave in a warm place for 40 minutes to rise. Take it out of the bowl, knead it again and then allow it to rise for 30 minutes and then roll out. Divide the dough into balls, dust with flour and roll out on a floured surface or directly on to your baking sheets if you have ones with no sides. Put some oil under the dough and then when you roll it out, the oil will form glue and make it easier to roll it out very thin.
Once the dough is on the sheets, spread a layer of tomato sauce over, then sprinkle with grated cheese and add the toppings of your choice. Bake for 15 minutes.
Remove the pizzas from the oven. If you like an extra crispy base, take them off the trays and put them back in the oven on the shelves for 5 more minutes. Pancakes can be enjoyed at any time of year, especially when they are this healthy and tasty. Why not get up a little bit earlier at the weekend and make a really exciting breakfast?
They are a great treat, especially when they are served with some fresh fruit and yoghurt. Put a small amount of oil in a non-stick pan and add a ladle full of batter. Cook over a medium heat. When bubbles start to rise to the top of the batter, flip the pancake and cook until golden brown and cooked all the way through. Serve with whatever you enjoy to have with your pancakes. Chicken Nuggets Although chicken nuggets are tasty, they are not always very good for your health.
Substitute the everyday chicken nuggets for this healthy and speedy alternative. Serves 4. Put the breadcrumbs, cheese and pepper in a plastic bag. Make sure the bag has no holes in it 2.
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Put the egg white in a large bowl. Add the pieces of chicken and mix until the chicken is well coated in the egg. Take the chicken from the bowl and put it in the bag. Close the bag, and constantly keeping one hand on the bottom of the bag, gently shake until the chicken is evenly coated in breadcrumbs. Coat a tray in cooking oil and add the chicken. This year more groups than ever took up the opportunity to fundraise for their own Groups. All money raised goes directly to the provision of Local Scouting.
The winners this year were spread from Cork to Donegal and from Dublin to Mayo. For a full list of all winners you can click on the link below. Th centr but still q , is low ellera. You have to traverse across the net without touching the ground 6 Tyre Plank A tyre is suspended you have to crawl along the plank through the tyre to the poll.
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Each member of the team will gradually find themselves expanding their comfort zones and recognising fears that may block their personal achievement. Most elements of the course will require team-mates to actively support and encourage oneanother. The a h We examp using. Aisling our dietitian kept this session very relevant and interactive. Based on a list of key grid references all scouts completed their own route for the following days hike. It was an early rise on Saturday 6am when we set off to the Dublin Mountains just minutes from our base at Balinteer. It was not long before we were on the steep incline towards Three Rock Mountain.
The expedition patrols had breakfast at 8am on the summit of Three Rock in the shelter of a pine forest. Lunch was inhaled by the troop after which we were treated to graphical presentation on winter mountaineering from Alun Richardson of Mountaineering Ireland.
Alun imparted expert advice on how to prepare, plan, for and keep warm for and in extreme winter conditions. Following the presentation, Alun demonstrated how to wear harnesses correctly and how to rope up for line walking. The final aspect of the programme in Larch Hill involved a brief conflict resolution and awareness training session. This session was prepared and delivered by Ollie Keogh. At approximately 5pm a ravenously hungry troop departed Larch Hill on foot, looking forward to the chicken curry waiting for us back at base.
He imparted some key advise to the scouts and gave an incite into some of the challenges the Antarctic explorers faced. The scouts had numerous questions for him which he answered very comprehensively. The scouts got the rest of the night to chill and watch a DVD. Needless to say after the hectic schedule, four hours of sleep and an 18km hike it was bed early for everybody. Given the extreme environment that scouts will find themselves in we felt some emergency and first aid training would be appropriate.
First aid training with a focus on the outdoors, hypothermia, and frost bite was held on Sunday morning. The session highlighted the dangers associated with extreme weather and thought the skills to help avoid and treat these. This session will definitely be very important in preparation for and in participation in the main event in February It was a very challenging weekend, which will help the scouts focus on their goals to ensure they are prepared for the main expedition in February There was a huge amount of resources required to run this training weekend.
Inside the bottle contained the positives from the Jamboree. The Chief accepted a gift of a bonsai tree from John Lawlor the contingent leader and will proudly pass on this tree to the next Irish contingent team. Planning takes place almost instantly the location is announced. The contingent team, all adult volunteers gave up several of their weekends to make the voyage a success for the youth travelling. The team planned for over two years organising Patrol Leader Camps and opportunities for Scouts to meet each other before travelling to Rinkaby, Sweden.
More pictures will be available shortly by going to the Scouting Ireland Photo Gallery, click on link. This month the contingent reunited at Larch Hill to attend a workshop to discuss their likes and dislikes of the World Jamboree both pre planning to touchdown in Dublin airport, tired, emotional and exhausted. Adults and youth praised the preparation before the event and admired the green apparel, patrol names and neckers which were the most sought after necker at the World Jamboree.
The Irish House and the Quest was loved by Scouts from every corner of the globe. The feedback was open and honest with the team requesting high quality rain jackets for future jamborees and others questioning why all the Scouts could not travel on the same plane to Sweden. After lunch there was time to repeat a jamboree favourite… The Irish Flash Mob!
Even the Chief joined in with the dancing! The day closed with a symbolic message. The negative comments were torn to make a bed for a big green bottle. For those who want to relive some of the memories click on the link below of a presentation made by Susan from the Communications team. What was your highlight? Best memory? What did it mean to be an Irish Scout, and to be part of the Irish Contingent?
To hear what they all had to say you can view the video at the link below. Shane flew to Tanzania on his 16th birthday, the same day news arrived of his successful Chief Scout Award. Camp North East booking up Fast! The plans for Camp North East are already coming together quickly. Scouts, Ventures and Rovers from all over the North Eastern Province have been preparing for the camp which will no doubt be a success. This theme will become evident throughout the whole camp, from the sub camps to the daily programme.
A lot of work has been done on putting together a challenging and exciting programme that will keep the scouts busy over the weekend. Plenty of subcamp program and evening entertainment have been planned to make sure everyone attending is having fun and are busy getting to know everyone from the Province. Making sure that all attendees meet others from the province is one of the key aims for the organisers of the camp.
This includes camping fees, all activities and a camp souvenir. For more information on the camp check out facebook. See you there! At this point we believe the first rush of assessments is now over and the focus of the team will shift towards training and further training whist still providing the platform for assessment.
The other key element of the rollout is the provision of structured training to allow groups and counties to run their own Hillwalking skills training and assessments at local level. We are well aware of the different levels of ability within the wider Scouting Community.
To view all the Programmes been supported check out the link below. As it turned out Quest was the most popular Zone at the event. On entering Quest you entered a reality where you visited worlds from different eras in time. One of the main attractions was the Commando course which had you run through the forest, climb over trees and. For a review of what it was like to take part in the Quest Zone a Norwegian Scout donned a head camera and ran the course in a time of 4 minutes filming his every move.
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This makes great viewing and for anyone who did take this challenge it will bring it all back! To view the video click on the link below. S s tiful ace n oor beau mping sp re is ind Athlo a s e a a h th s of c psite psite Cam 2 hectare the cam e h T. On e is 2 Ther woodlan ies. Many more field sports. Book early to avoid disappointment. Value Camps 6 nights camping 2 days water and archery activity for groups of 20 up to a maximum of Great opportunity for county camps or joining with another scout troop for a fun camp.
Full programme of activities for two days with fully qualified instructors. Here ssed by 25 recommendations to the World pa that Scout Committee as a result of their discussions. Click here to download the report of the 11th World Scout Youth 1. The 11th World Scout Youth Forum. In 4 days, the Forum from countries.
The participants The World Scout Conference is the discussed and deliberated on governing body general assembly topics and issues related to of World Scouting, and is composed World Scouting built around two of all its members, the National Scout themes: Youth Empowerment; and Organizations NSOs. Scouting a Worldwide Movement. The Conference also elected 6 new members for the World Scout. WordPress Shortcode. Full Name Comment goes here. Are you sure you want to Yes No. Browse by Genre Available eBooks No Downloads. Views Total views.
Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. I look forward to our conversation. Please visit www. From February 27th to March 1st, over 50 leaders in technology, entertainment and design shared their ideas, passion and brilliance to an audi- ence of in Monterey, California, and Aspen, Colorado. Our intent is to provide a rich graphic record of TED. Our graphic representations are idiosyncratic, expressive, rather than objective. Special thanks to John Schmier of Autodesk who made the technology work seamlessly and to Jeff Han and Phil Davidson from Perceptive Pixel for rendering the sketches so magnificently on the multi-touch display.
Thanks to Scott Rawlings at Wacom Technology Corporation for providing their leading edge design tools. The image and text renderings are color coded. Technologi- cal ideas are generally rendered in orange; political and social messages in red; business and economic themes in blue; envi- ronmental content in green; and spirtual messages in purple. This system will let you quickly identify the context of a visualization.
You can use the section labels and page numbers at the bottom of this document to freely naviga- tion throughout the BIGVIZ. In the TED simulcast room, these sketches were made visible on a Perceptive Pixel multi-touch wall with custom software.