In spite of some discrepancies in the figures, Lope's own records indicate that by he had composed three-act plays comedias.
The figure had risen to by , to by , to by , and to by Of these, plays are known by their titles, but only about are extant. Many of these pieces were printed during Lope's lifetime, mostly by the playwright himself in the shape of twelve-play volumes, but also by booksellers who surreptitiously bought manuscripts from the actors who performed them. The classification of this large mass of dramatic literature is a task of great difficulty.
The terms traditionally employed — comedy, tragedy, and the like — are difficult to apply to Lope's oeuvre and another approach to categorization has been suggested. Lope's work essentially belongs to the drama of intrigue, the plot determining everything else. Lope used history, especially Spanish history, as his main source of subject matter. There were few national and patriotic subjects, from the reign of King Pelayo to the history of his own age, he did not put upon the stage.
Nevertheless, Lope's most celebrated plays belong to the class called capa y espada " cloak and dagger " , where the plots are chiefly love intrigues along with affairs of honor, most commonly involving the petty nobility of medieval Spain. In some of these, Lope strives to set forth some moral maxim and to illustrate its abuse with a living example. On the theme that poverty is no crime, in the play Las Flores de Don Juan , he uses the history of two brothers to illustrate the triumph of virtuous poverty over opulent vice, while indirectly attacking the institution of primogeniture , which often places in the hands of an unworthy person the honor and substance of a family when younger members would be better qualified for the trust.
However, such morality pieces are rare in Lope's repertory; generally, his aim is to amuse and stir with his focus being on the plot, not concerning himself with instruction. Lope encountered a poorly organized dramatic tradition; plays were sometimes composed in four acts, sometimes in three, and though they were written in verse, the structure of the versification was left to the individual writer.
"imitador" English translation
Because the Spanish public liked it, he adopted the style of drama which was then in vogue. He enlarged its narrow framework to a great degree, introducing a wide range of material for dramatic situations — the Bible , ancient mythology , the lives of the saints , ancient history, Spanish history , the legends of the Middle Ages, the writings of the Italian novelists, current events, and everyday Spanish life in the 17th century.
Prior to Lope, playwrights sketched the conditions of persons and their characters superficially. With fuller observation and more careful description, Lope de Vega depicted real character types with language and accouterments appropriate to their position in society. The old comedy was awkward and poor in its versification.
Lope introduced order into all the forms of national poetry, from the old romance couplets to the lyrical combinations borrowed from Italy. He wrote that those who should come after him had only to go on along the path which he had opened. In Harry Turtledove 's alternate history novel Ruled Britannia , Vega is depicted as a Spanish soldier-playwright who interacts with William Shakespeare , a resident of defeated England, where Vega is on occupation duty.
The novel's viewpoint narration alternates between the two playwrights. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Spanish playwright and poet.
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For the racehorse, see Lope de Vega horse. This article uses Spanish naming customs : the first or paternal family name is de Vega and the second or maternal family name is Carpio. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
Retrieved Eckermann, Conversations with Goethe : in Eckermann recorded having a conversation about the extent of author's works, in which Goethe expressed his admiration towards Lope's.
Labor, , p. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Cambridge University Press. CUP Archive, Fanjul, Sergio 22 August Retrieved 25 November Retrieved 24 November Lope de Vega. Lope film.
Lope de Vega: Spain's most prolific writer | Spanish with Style
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Translation of "pelito todo pinchudo" in English
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