Facundus Beatus, f. And there appeared another wonder in Heaven; and behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and seven crowns upon his heads" Revelation, Morgan Beatus, f. His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself. And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Urgell Beatus, f. From the Tree to the Labyrinth. Harvard University Press. The Art of Medieval Spain. Florez, Madrid, The first known printed edition of the commentary.
Rome, The second critical edition of the commentary. Brepols, The third critical edition of the commentary. Latin, with French introductory material. Also available in a French translation by Gryson, as part of the Sources Chretiennes series, but I've never seen it myself. BAC, Side by side Spanish and Latin. Apocalypse: The Illustrated Book of Revelation.
No exegesis, but extensive full colour images from five different versions of the Beatus and the Bamberg Apocalypse. Chiang Mai: Cognoscenti Books. World Digital Library. Retrieved 11 December Thirty-five manuscript copies dating from the ninth century to the 13th century have survived. By semantic extension, these manuscripts are called beato, and 26 of them are illuminated. Retrieved 13 December This manuscript of Geneva would be a 27th Beatus shown. It has been dated to the first half of 10th century, around W.
Neuss ; P. Retrieved 30 December El Beatus". Retrieved 31 December World Digital Library in Latin and Spanish. Retrieved Retrieved 10 October This evidence comes in a damaged fragment from an illustrated Beatus manuscript used to reinforce the binding of a volume of notarial records Categories : Christian apocalyptic writings Illuminated beatus manuscripts Mozarabic art. Hidden categories: CS1 Latin-language sources la CS1 Spanish-language sources es Articles needing additional references from June All articles needing additional references Commons category link is on Wikidata Commons category link is on Wikidata using P Namespaces Article Talk.
Views Read Edit View history. Biblical narrative John is told that the court of God's temple would be trampled on by the nations for 42 months. They are described as two olive trees and two lampstands who stand before the Lord of the earth. Both are able to devour their enemies with fire that flows out of their mouths. Also, they have power over the sky and waters and are able to strike the.
The Bamberg State Library German: Staatsbibliothek Bamberg is a combined universal, regional and research library with priority given to the humanities. Today it is housed in the New Residence, the former prince-bishop's new palace. The Free State of Bavaria is responsible for the library. Overview The Bamberg State Library supplies the town of Bamberg and the region Upper Franconia with literature for research and higher education purposes, professional work and advanced training. The historically grown holdings of more than , volumes are continuously supplemented and enlarged by acquisitions in all general fields, and in specialized areas such as the history and geography of Upper Franconia, art history and appreciation, manuscripts and the printed book.
It cooperates in all areas of librarianship with the University Library of Bamberg. One of its regional tasks is to acquire documentary material on and of persons who are connected with the region. More over it gets the legal deposit for the. The book is traditionally attributed to John the Apostle, but the precise identity of the author remains a point of academic debate. These two trumpets and the final trumpet, sounded in chapter 11, are sometimes called the "woe trumpets".
This chapter is divided into 21 verses. Some earliest manuscripts containing this chapter are: Papyrus ca. AD ; extant verses , , Papyrus 47 3rd century Papyrus 85 4th century; extant verses Codex Sinaiticus Codex Alexandrinus Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus ca. Text The original text is written in Koine Greek. This chapter is divided into 13 verses. A composition of the Four Living Creatures into one tetramorph. Matthew the man, Mark the lion, Luke the ox, and John the eagle.
A tetramorph is a symbolic arrangement of four differing elements, or the combination of four disparate elements in one unit. The term is derived from the Greek tetra, meaning four, and morph, shape. Archaeological evidence exists showing that early man divided the four quarters of the horizon, or space, later a place of sacrifice, such as a temple, and attributed characteristics and spiritual qualities to each quarter.
Such composite creatures are found in many mythologies. In Christian art, the tetramorph is the union of the symbols of the Four Evangelists, derived from the four living creatures in the Book of Ezekiel, into a single figure or, more commonly, a gro. The Revelation of Jesus Christ is communicated by an angel to a man named John when he was on the island of Patmos.
John records the prophetic vision, in written text, and is instructed to send the document to the seven churches of Asia. Chapter 2 John addresses the church of Ephesus to repent from the ways of the Nicolaitans. John addresses the church of Smyrna to warn them of ten days of tribulation that may cost them their lives or imprisonment. John addresses the church of Pergamum to repent from the doctrines of Balaam and the Nicolaitans. John addresses the church of Thyatira to repent from the teachings of the prophetess Jezebel. Chapter 3 John addresses the church of Sardis for being "dead" or unaware of things to come, whose works are not perfect b.
Illustration from the Bamberg Apocalypse of the Son of Man among the seven lampstands. John's vision of the Son of Man is described in the scriptural Revelation John sees a vision of the risen, ascended and glorified Jesus Christ, whom he describes as one "like the Son of Man" verse Jesus is portrayed in this vision as having a robe with a golden sash, white hair, eyes like blazing fire, feet like bronze and a voice like rushing waters.
He holds seven stars in his right hand and has a double-edged sword coming out of his mouth. The vision is also notable for being the only identifiable physical description of Jesus in any form in the Biblical canon. Background John, the author of Revelation, was exiled to the island of Patmos, possibly during the reign of the emperor Domitian. When he turned around, he saw this Son. The facing folio, v, contains an illumination of the three Maries approaching the tomb.
The manuscript, which is lavishly illuminated, is a product of the Liuthar circle of illuminators, who were working in the Benedictine Abbey of Reichenau, which housed a scriptorium and artists' workshop that has a claim to having been the largest and artistically most influential in Europe during the late 10th and early 11th centuries. An unrivalled series of liturgical manuscripts was produced at Reichenau under the highest patronage of Ottonian society.
Other centers include scriptoria at Lorsch, Trier and Regensburg.
Unlike a Gospel Book, gospel pericopes contain only the passages from the gos. Late Gothic altar by Tilman Riemenschneider German art has a long and distinguished tradition in the visual arts, from the earliest known work of figurative art to its current output of contemporary art. Germany has only been united into a single state since the 19th century, and defining its borders has been a notoriously difficult and painful process.
For earlier periods German art often effectively includes that produced in German-speaking regions including Austria, Alsace and much of Switzerland, as well as largely German-speaking cities or regions to the east of the modern German borders. Although tending to be neglected relative to Italian and French contributions from the point of view of the English-speaking world, German art has played a crucial role in the development of Western art, especially Celtic art, Carolingian art and Ottonian art.
From the development of Romanesque art, France and Italy began to lead developments for the rest of the Middle Ages, but the production of an increasingly wea. Page from the 11th century "Bamberg Apocalypse", Gospel lectionary. Large decorated initial "C". A lectionary Latin: Lectionarium is a book or listing that contains a collection of scripture readings appointed for Christian or Judaic worship on a given day or occasion.
There are sub-types such as a "gospel lectionary" or evangeliary, and an epistolary with the readings from the New Testament Epistles. History The Talmud claims that the practice of reading appointed Scriptures on given days or occasions dates back to the time of Moses and began with the annual religious festivals of Passover, Pentecost, and the Feast of Tabernacles Talmud, Megilah 32a.
Book of hours, Paris c. Miniature of the Annunciation, with the start of Matins in the Little Office, the beginning of the texts after the calendar in the usual arrangement. This is a list of illuminated manuscripts. The Essen cross with large enamels with gems and large senkschmelz enamels, c. Ottonian art is a style in pre-romanesque German art, covering also some works from the Low Countries, northern Italy and eastern France. However, the style neither began nor ended to neatly coincide with the rule of the dynasty.
It emerged some decades into their rule and persisted past the Ottonian emperors into the reigns of the early Salian dynasty, which lacks an artistic "style label" of its own. The two teams stand ready, each side has 24 knights, all with heraldic surcoats and caparisons, and each accompanied by a banner-bearer with a heraldic flag.
There is a central spectators' box for the four judges, where the heraldic shields of the competitors are displayed, the two teams being led by the dukes of Brittany and Bourbon, respectively, and one spectator box on each side for the ladies; inscribed over the boxes is plus est en vous, the heraldic motto of the Gruuthuse family of Bruges, attributed to tournament between Jean III de Gruuthuse and Jean de Ghistelles held in The chief herald is also on horseback, between the two teams, wearing his own heraldic colours. Heraldry is the system of visual identification of rank. Byzantine monumental Church mosaics are one of the great achievements of medieval art.
These are from Monreale in Sicily from the late 12th century. The medieval art of the Western world covers a vast scope of time and place, over years of art in Europe, and at times the Middle East and North Africa. It includes major art movements and periods, national and regional art, genres, revivals, the artists' crafts, and the artists themselves. Art historians attempt to classify medieval art into major periods and styles, often with some difficulty.
A generally accepted scheme includes the later phases of Early Christian art, Migration Period art, Byzantine art, Insular art, Pre-Romanesque, Romanesque art, and Gothic art, as well as many other periods within these central styles. In addition each region, mostly during the period in the process of becoming nations or cultures, had its own distinct artistic style, such as Anglo-Saxon art or Viking art. Medieval art was produced in many media, and works survive. The Ascension, by Dosso Dossi, 16th century.
Many Ascension scenes have an upper Heavenly and a lower earthly part. This list of oldest heraldry aims to include the oldest documented, non-attributed heraldic achievements for individuals, families, locations or institutions. Heraldry developed in the High Middle Ages c.
Notably, lions that would subsequently appear in 12th-century coats of arms of European nobility have pre-figurations in the animal style of ancient art specifically the style of Scythian art as it developed from c. Combatants wore full armour, and identified themselves by wearing their emblems on their shields. The distinctive English image, with Christ stepping on a soldier, in a 14th-century Nottingham alabaster relief The Resurrection of Jesus has long been central to Christian faith and Christian art, whether as a single scene or as part of a cycle of the Life of Christ.
In the teachings of the traditional Christian churches, the sacraments derive their saving power from the passion and resurrection of Christ, upon which the salvation of the world entirely depends. However, the moment of the Resurrection is not described as such in the Gospels, and for over a thousand years it was therefore not represented directly in art. Instead at first it was represented by symbolic depictions such as the Chi Rho, the first two Greek letters of Christ, encircled by a wreath symbolizing the victory of resurrection over death.
Political boundaries in Eastern Hemisphere in early half of 11th century Political boundaries in Eastern Hemisphere at the end of the 11th century The 11th century is the period from to in accordance with the Julian calendar, and the 1st century of the 2nd millennium.
In the history of Europe, this period is considered the early part of the High Middle Ages. There was, after a brief ascendancy, a sudden decline of Byzantine power and rise of Norman domination over much of Europe, along with the prominent role in Europe of notably influential popes. In Northern Italy, a growth of population in urban centers gave rise to early organized capitalism and more sophisticated, commercialized culture by the late 11th century. In East Europe, there was the golden age for the principality of Kievan Rus. In Song dynasty China and the classical Islamic world, this century marked the high point for both classical Chinese civilization, science and technology, and classical Islamic science, philosophy, techn.
Georges de La Tour c. The Nativity of Jesus has been a major subject of Christian art since the 4th century. The artistic depictions of the Nativity or birth of Jesus, celebrated at Christmas, are based on the narratives in the Bible, in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke, and further elaborated by written, oral and artistic tradition. Christian art includes a great many representations of the Virgin Mary and the Christ Child. Such works are generally referred to as the "Madonna and Child" or "Virgin and Child".
They are not usually representations of the Nativity specifically, but are often devotional objects representing a particular aspect or attribute of the Virgin Mary, or Jesus.
Bamberg Apocalypse - Wikipedia
Nativity pictures, on the other hand, are specifically illustrative, and include many narrative details; they are a normal component of the sequences illustrating both the Life of Christ an. Lautensack was born in Bamberg, but in , on account of his having embraced the Reformation, he left that city and settled in Nuremberg. There he painted many subjects from the Apocalypse, and also wrote some treatises upon it, which were collected and published in Frankfurt in However, his fanaticism became such a public nuisance that he was in expelled from the city.
After a time he was allowed to return, and is believed to have died there in His portrait, dated , is in the Germanic Museum at Nuremberg. Lautensack was the father of Hans Sebald Lautensack, a painter and printmaker, and the goldsmith and printer Heinrich Lautensack. The house, originally a 13th-century castle, was extensively altered during the 18th century by German architect Richard Cassels, starting in and finishing in The feud climaxed on the 14 May when the Wingfields murdered Phelim in the place known as the Killing Hollow near Powerscourt.
Oakeshott types The Oakeshott typology was created by historian and illustrator Ewart Oakeshott as a way to define and catalogue the medieval sword based on physical form.
- Silent Stalker.
- Ottonian illuminated manuscripts;
- 1 Composition and setting.
- Russland mit und ohne Seele (German Edition)!
- Candide [Active Links] [Annotated].
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Among the many reasons for his Typology, Oakeshott found date classification unreliable at the time his research was conducted. He suggested that trade, warfare, and other various exchanges, in combination with the longevity of the weapons obscured the date of manufacture, use, and retirement.
Apocalypse page Block books, also called xylographica, are short books of up to 50 leaves, block printed in Europe in the second half of the 15th century as woodcuts with blocks carved to include both text and illustrations. The content of the books was nearly always religious, aimed at a popular audience, and a few titles were often reprinted in several editions using new woodcuts.
Although many had believed that block books preceded Gutenberg's invention of movable type in the first part of the s, it now is accepted that most of the surviving block books were printed in the s or later, and that the earliest surviving examples may date to about Single-leaf woodcuts from the preceding decades often included passages of text with prayers, indulgences and other material; the block book was an extension of this form.
Block books are very rare, some editions surviving on. Family Maxim Kantor was born in Moscow on 22 December His grandfather self-exiled to Argentina in and returned to Soviet Russia with his family in His mother Tatiana was a geneticist who created some hybrids that were internationally licensed. After he took part in unofficial exhibitions.
Book of Revelation
In he was organizer and speaker of a r. Otto of Passau was a medieval German clerical author. Biography All that is known of him is in the preface of his work, in which he calls himself a member of the Franciscan Order, at one time lector of theology at Basle, and says that he finished his writing on 2 1 February , dedicating it to all the "friends of God", both clerical and lay, male and female, and begs for their prayers.
According to Sbaralea Suppl. Franciscani ordinis, Rome, , he was a native of Flanders and belonged to the Franciscan ecclesiastical province of Cologne. Yet his name refers to the Bavarian city of Passau. Work His book bears the German language title not Dutch language, as one might expect from a Fleming Die vierundzwanzig alten oder der guldin Tron der minnenden seelen; The 24 elders or the golden throne of loving souls. He introduces the twenty-four ancients of Apocalypse, iv. The sentences are. Rodney Wallace is an American mixed martial artist currently competing in the Heavyweight division.
Background Wallace was born in Bamberg, South Carolina, moved to Passaic, New Jersey when he was one year old, then returned to his birthplace at the age of 13 when he began playing football and wrestling. At Bamberg-Ehrhardt High School, Wallace competed in both sports as well as track and field, and reached the state championship in wrestling when he was freshman, then won the championship in his sophomore, junior, and senior years.
It is believed to have been written in the 9th century, and was discovered in a manuscript on fol. He is regarded as a saint by the Catholic Church, his feast day celebrated on 19 April. His family was of noble rank, and his father was a first cousin of Emperor Conrad II — In Bruno became a ca. Born in a small town in Norway, Rieber became a seaman at the age of By , he was the master of an oil tanker, which was bought the next year by the newly founded Texas Company, or Texaco.
He rose steadily through the ranks to become chairman in