Thus when John speaks of the great prostitute who seduces the kings of the earth, he has in mind the culmination all of these Old Testament images. He also has in mind the fourth beast of Daniel 7, namely the city of Rome and the mighty Roman empire which extended to the ends of the earth. For Rome is not only the beast which persecutes the church, but Rome's military prowess, her great cultural attainments and her massive economic power had already seduced a number of Christians. This was clearly seen in the seven letters to the seven churches in Revelation , when John mentions that the church in Thyatira tolerated the false teaching of Jezebel, while Christians in Laodicea placed great confidence in their wealth and success even though they actually are poor, blind and naked, and about to come under the judgment of Christ.
Through the use of apocalyptic imagery, John not only has in the mind the city of Rome and the Roman empire which was even then both the beast and the harlot, the great prostitute Babylon the Great also symbolizes the city of man in every age, which through wealth, celebrity, and luxury, seduces Christians away from Christ into the arms of the bride of the dragon, and who, after the seduction, will leave them with nothing, much the same way a female black widow spider kills its mate after he has fulfilled his obligation to his bride.
Therefore, the harlot is Rome, while at the same time is symbolic of any idolatrous nation or empire which persecutes Christ and his church, and which attacks the church, not with the sword, but through seduction. Like most harlots, who think their actions will gain them love and affection, it will not be long before her pimp, the beast, will cast her away the moment her glory fades. Just as the prophet Isaiah had been taken away into the wilderness to witness four horsemen described in Isaiah , one of whom brings destruction upon Babylon when all her idols were smashed on the ground, John is now caught away to same wilderness where he now witnesses the destruction of Babylon the Great.
There are a number of important things in view here. As we read in verse 3, "Then the angel carried me away in the Spirit into a desert.
There I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast that was covered with blasphemous names and had seven heads and ten horns. Now he sees a different woman, the harlot. Just as Israel was hidden away in the wilderness to be spared from the assault of the dragon, to protect her so that she might later receive her promised inheritance in the heavenly city, in a great reversal, the glittery and wealthy Babylon the Great, will be left desolate a wilderness after God's judgment falls upon her.
The great irony is surely intentional. We know that this particular woman is not Israel because she is the one who seduces the nations and intoxicates the kings of the earth with her great wealth. Instead of being hidden away in the wilderness and protected by God, this woman rides the beast—that same beast whom John had witnessed rising out of the sea, the beast with ten horns and seven heads, the same beast who is covered with blasphemous names and colored scarlet—the same as the dragon of Revelation who attempted to attack Israel.
Furthermore, this woman is dressed to seduce. According to John, she was "dressed in purple and scarlet, and was glittering with gold, precious stones and pearls," an image of a temple prostitute, something well-known to John's first century readers. Her cosmetic beauty makes her a kind of counterfeit to the true bride, the bride of Christ. Hers is an earthly glory, not the heavenly glory of the righteousness of Christ. Her gross idolatry is symbolized by the fact that "she held a golden cup in her hand, filled with abominable things and the filth of her adulteries.
She is clearly identified in verse 5 along with her crimes. Thus John can say of her, " saw that the woman was drunk with the blood of the saints, the blood of those who bore testimony to Jesus. The threat of force and the allure of affluence work perfectly together, so, of course, Babylon celebrates the slaughter of Jesus' people, since they refuse to buy into her economic interests. Although she is intoxicated by her apparent success, because of this, her fate is sealed. This amazing connection between the power of the sword the beast and the seduction of temptress the harlot moves John to declare: "When I saw her, I was greatly astonished.
And John is amazed! But not for long. I will explain to you the mystery of the woman and of The beast she rides, which has the seven heads and ten horns. The inhabitants of the earth whose names have not been written in the book of life from the creation of the world will be astonished when they see the beast, because he once was, now is not, and yet will come. John has already told us that one of the beast's heads was slain, a reference to the Nero myth and to the fact that the Roman empire suffered what appeared to be a mortal wound, only to come back stronger than ever.
At the time of John's writing, the beast, in the form of the Roman empire was already persecuting the church. But John now speaks of a future beast yet to come, something implied by the sixth bowl judgment when three demonic spirits deceive the kings of the earth, gathering them for battle against Christ's church at the Mount of Gathering, Armageddon. This is a reference to the great apostasy mentioned there by John when he says in Revelation "When the thousand years are over, Satan will be released from his prison [the Abyss] and will go out to deceive the nations in the four corners of the earth—Gog and Magog—to gather them for battle.
In number they are like the sand on the seashore. They marched across the breadth of the earth and surrounded the camp of God's people, the city he loves. But fire came down from heaven and devoured them. And the devil, who deceived them, was thrown into the lake of burning sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet had been thrown. They will be tormented day and night for ever and ever. This means that all of the events foretold in Revelation are fulfilled at the time of Christ's second advent.
There are two important points we should draw from this. One, this means the Battle of Armageddon, the sixth bowl, the seventh trumpet, the sixth and seventh bowl judgments, the judgment of the beast, the false prophet and Satan, all occur at the same time. According to Revelation 20, this is when the thousand years are over the millennium , that is, immediately before Christ returns to earth at the end of the age. Therefore, the millennium of Revelation 20 is a present reality lying between the first and second coming of Christ and is not a future hope.
Second, the beast of John's day and age the Roman empire , will be resurrected through the power of Satan, in those days before our Lord's return. When this resurrection of the beast occurs, the whole world will be amazed. But it also means that judgment day is at hand. In Revelation , the angel reminds John, "This calls for a mind with wisdom," just as it did to understand the mysterious the number of the beast.
The first matter is that "the seven heads are seven hills on which the woman sits," which is mostly likely a reference to the city of Rome, famous for it seven hills. But throughout the prophets, mountains are often symbolic of great power and are mentioned in connection with the rule of pagan empires, hence the fact that the seven mountains, "are also seven kings. Indeed, the angel has said it calls for wisdom. The beast who once was, and now is not, is an eighth king. He belongs to the seven and is going to his destruction. Most try and correlate these seven kings to the four great empires of Daniel , or to the succession of Roman emperors beginning with either Julius Caesar or Augustus down through eight successive emperors, with the supposition that five emperors have come and gone, and that John is writing during the reign of the sixth emperor the one who is.
But although there may be merit to this approach, perhaps it is better not to view this succession of kings historically, but theologically. If we look at the angel's words with this in mind, it is possible that the seven kings represent the entire history of fallen humanity. By the time of the coming of Christ, five of these empires have come and gone, with John and his readers facing the sixth Rome , with a seventh yet to come, who will remain for but a short time, which is the same period of time John has already mentioned in Revelation to refer to the short time remaining for the dragon after his defeat at Calvary's cross.
According to the angel, after these seven kings have come and gone, one of the earlier kings, connected to the beast re-appears, as an eight king who will go to his destruction. This, it seems to me, indicate that however we understand the relationship of seven kings to the emperors of Rome, we should not overlook the fact that with these words, we are fast-forwarded from the time of John to the time of the end. When the eighth king appears, probably in direct connection to the release of the beast from the abyss, we are once again given a picture of that final battle of Armageddon, when Satan seeks to destroy the kingdom of God only to be destroyed himself.
If true, this means we can expect an unprecedented manifestation of Satanic power, taking the form of a world-wide empire which is the final manifestation of the beast with the seductive attraction of the harlot reaching full flower. And like it was in the days of Rome, the final beast will amaze the world through its military power, its great wealth, and the deification of its leaders. While the whole world is amazed and worships the beast, the beast is seeking a final victory over Christ's church. Therefore the time of the end may be characterized by unsurpassed peace and prosperity, while at the same time the world's worship of the beast, leads to unsurpassed persecution of God's people.
This same apocalyptic pattern follows with the ten kings depicted in verses They have one purpose and will give their power and authority to the beast. They will make war against the Lamb, but the Lamb will overcome them because he is Lord of lords and King of kings—and with him will be his called, chosen and faithful followers. These are probably the same kings mentioned in Revelation 16 in connection with the sixth bowl judgment who are deceived by the three demon spirits, and who gather together at Armageddon to wage war on the church, depicted here, by the mention that these kings wage war on the Lamb and his chosen and faithful followers.
And like the dragon, the beast, the false prophet, these ten kingdoms cannot prevail over the King of Kings. But what is perhaps the most amazing thing about this vision, is John's description of the fate of the harlot. Although she has served the beast and done his bidding, she suffers the same fate as those she has seduced and then jilted. History reveals this king was Alexander the Great, who died in the prime of his life.
Historians identify these generals as Cassander, Lysimachus, Ptolemy and Seleucus. We know the identity of the ram and goat, but what does the third symbol, the horn power, represent? Until the twentieth century, a majority of Protestants claimed the little horn in Daniel 7 and the horn power in Daniel 8 represented the papacy. True, both horns have important similarities, but they are not the same entity. We will see that the horn power in Daniel 8 is many times more powerful than the Roman Catholic Church. In Daniel 8, the two beasts represent empires, but the horns of the ram and of the goat represent kings.
This distinction is important, because the horn power in this vision is not attached to a beast a world empire. Further, the Bible says this horn power is a king. Daniel Daniel was told this king will exalt himself to be as great as the Prince of the host, Jesus Christ! Daniel The horn power in Daniel 8 is a stern-faced king that will rule over Earth during the Great Tribulation. Daniel This coming king is the Antichrist, Lucifer, who will dazzle the world with his power, authority and ability to perform incredible miracles. In short, the dreaded Antichrist will not be a mere man. The coming Antichrist will be Lucifer, appearing in the flesh, masquerading as an angel of light, and claiming to be Almighty God.
The vision in Daniel 8 almost covers the same 2, years described in Daniel 2 and 7. The only difference is that the Daniel 8 vision starts with the Medo-Persian empire B. The sequence in this vision ends when Jesus destroys "the stern-faced king" at the Second Coming. Daniel indicates the horn power will be destroyed by God: ". This is an important specification. Men will not be able to destroy the Antichrist. Lucifer will do whatever he wants and no one will be able to stop him. Jesus does not lay hands on His enemies at the Second Coming; He simply commands the wicked to die.
The sharp sword that comes out of His mouth represents His ability to speak the command and people drop dead. See Revelation It is interesting to note that the voice that calls the righteous dead to life 1 Thessalonians is the same voice that commands the wicked to die. Revelation Because God is the Creator of apocalyptic prophecy, we know Daniel 8 will harmonize with the matrix established in Daniel 2 and Daniel 7. Then he touched me and raised me to my feet. Look at the words which have been italicized.
Gabriel twice emphasized the point that this vision concerns "the time of the end" or "the appointed time of the end. This is why Gabriel calls it "the appointed time of the end. The Father has also set a date for the Second Coming. Read Revelation and notice how the date for the sixth trumpet has been predetermined down to the very hour.
The Beast (Revelation)
Gabriel said the appointed time of the end will be a time of wrath. A time of wrath means that everyone will suffer wrath during the appointed time of the end. Revelation Everyone will suffer wrath. How does the horn power in Daniel 8 connect to the appointed time of the end?
The connection is quite simple because the ram and the goat are not end-time players. History says these world empires disappeared more than two thousand years ago. However, the horn power, or "the stern-faced king," has not yet appeared. He is the only item left in this vision that relates to the appointed time of the end. As we will see, the horn power in Daniel 8 is the coming Antichrist.
He will appear "out of nowhere" during the Great Tribulation. He does not rise out of a nation or a kingdom like the little horn of Daniel 7. Lucifer will suddenly appear in clouds of light with his angels, and through counterfeit miracles, signs, wonders, deceit and lies, he will deceive the whole world.
He will gain control of Earth during the appointed time of the end. After hearing that the horn power is the only part of this vision that applies to the time of the end, one of the first questions people ask is this: "Why did God put two ancient kingdoms in this vision if they have nothing to do with the end-time? They present a rather startling picture of the coming Antichrist by adding valuable pieces to the puzzle. The following comments are a brief synthesis of what these books say about the Antichrist:.
The coming Antichrist will not be a mere mortal. The coming Antichrist will not be born to a woman. The coming Antichrist cannot be killed by men. The coming Antichrist will have supernatural powers that far exceed anything men can do. The coming Antichrist will be evil and destructive beyond compre-hension. The coming Antichrist will be dazzling and commanding in appearance, but deadly in his manipulation. The coming Antichrist will be a stern-faced king, that is, he will not show mercy unless temporal mercy facilitates his evil schemes.
Billions of powerful demons serve him. The coming Antichrist is the ancient foe of Christ. In fact, Lucifer is the most powerful and greatest angel that God ever created. He was the first being to become anti-Christ. The Bible predicts that God will allow Lucifer and his angels to appear in physical form visible to the human race.
Just as Jesus became a man to save the world, Lucifer will be granted authority to masquerade as God so that he can quickly lead the wicked to their destruction. You can be sure the appearing of the devil will be the most spectacular event ever viewed by human eyes Revelation — only to be eclipsed by the brighter and more glorious appearing of Jesus. Revelation , Of course, the only way we can determine the true identity of this horn power is by satisfying all of the specifications given to Daniel.
We will find in this presentation that both interpretations share the same deficiency. Neither conclusion satisfies all of the specifications given in Daniel 8. Even though Bible students and scholars have studied the book of Daniel for centuries, it was impossible for them to know the truth about Daniel 8 because the knowledge of the architecture of Daniel was sealed up until the time of the end. When Daniel 8 is integrated into the historical matrix which the four rules of interpretation produce, the horn power in Daniel 8 cannot be Antiochus IV or the papacy!
The horn power in Daniel 8 is something far more powerful and far more sinister. The horn power in Daniel 8 is the great enemy of God and man. He is the coming Antichrist. Rule Two says, "A fulfilment of apocalyptic prophecy occurs when all of the specifications within that prophecy are met. This includes the order of events outlined in the prophecy. We will begin with the origin of the Horn Power. Out of one of them [the four winds] came another horn, which started small but grew in power to the south and to the east and toward [the west] the Beautiful Land.
This seems odd. A person would not expect a powerful horn to "break off" at the peak of its strength, but remember, this horn represents a king, not an empire. Alexander the Great died at the peak of his military power. His kingdom was divided between his four generals which are represented by the four horns. Gabriel told Daniel, "The four horns that replaced the one that was broken off represent four [kings or] kingdoms that will emerge from his nation but will not have the same power.
God used beasts in Daniel 7 and Daniel 8 to represent empires , but He consistently used horns to represent kings. The Hebrew word for horn, malkuwth, can mean king, ruler or kingdom. Most translators treat malkuwth in Daniel as "four kingdoms," however, in this context malkuwth is better translated "four kings. In fact, the Bible emphasizes this point by indicating the horn power in Daniel 8 will be a stern-faced "king" who appears during the appointed time of the end!
See Daniel , Actually, the Antichrist just appears out of nowhere. The Bible reveals he comes from the north, out of one of the four winds. There is more to this direction than one might think at first. As we proceed, notice how the horn power in Daniel 8 does not have its roots in ancient kingdoms such as Medo-Persia, Grecia or Rome! Daniel says, "And out of one of them came another horn.
To what noun does the pronoun "them" refer? The Hebrew pronoun "them" hem is masculine, and the Hebrew word for "winds" ruwach can be masculine or feminine, but the Hebrew word for "horns" qeren is feminine. Therefore, a gender agreement masculine "them" and masculine "winds" is possible if we say, "Out of one of the four winds. Even though grammar suggests the horn power comes out of one of the four winds, grammar alone does not make this conclusion air-tight. So, let us see if there is stronger evidence.
Daniel was standing on the banks of the Ulai River when he received this vision. From his point of reference, the horn power started out small, but became "exceeding great" as it grew toward the south, east and "toward the beautiful land. Maps of this region show Jerusalem to be due west of the province of Elam where Daniel was located. So, after analyzing verse 9, we discover the horn power comes out of the north and grows toward the south, east and west.
The direction of north is very significant. The ancients thought the world was flat, and north was "up" and south was "down. Most people think the North Pole is on the top of the world and the South Pole is at the bottom. Carefully study the following seven texts and notice how the direction of north is associated with divine destruction italics and insertions mine :. Even though Daniel 8 indicates the horn power comes out of the north, Daniel 11 offers more details about the king who comes out of the north.
Let us jump ahead for a moment to Daniel and notice a few verses. These verses may help you see more clearly how the architecture of Daniel influences my conclusion that the horn power in Daniel 8 is the Antichrist. First, consider these verses: "Some of the wise will stumble, so that they may be refined, purified and made spotless until the time of the end , for it will still come at the appointed time.
He will exalt and magnify himself above every god and will say unheard-of things against the God of gods. He will be successful until the time of wrath [the Great Tribulation] is completed, for what has been determined must take place. Now we will jump forward to verses 40 and He will invade many countries and sweep through them like a flood. He will also invade the Beautiful Land.
After Lucifer appears on Earth, Revelation indicates most wicked people will receive him as God, but many of them will reject him and rebel against his claims of authority. Daniel 11 reveals the wicked king of the south will rise up and oppose the arrogant and pompous claims of Lucifer, the king of the north. Lucifer will wage war against the king of the south, and will destroy him and his followers. In fact, this destruction amounts to one-third of the wicked! The remaining two-thirds of the wicked will gladly submit to the devil as though he were Almighty God.
As horrendous as this battle is, the sixth-trumpet war is not the battle of Armageddon. The battle of Armageddon occurs as Jesus appears. The war described in Daniel ,41 is also described in Revelation Daniel and Revelation perfectly harmonize on this matter. The point is that the horn power of Daniel 8 is the king from the north. Study over Chart 4. The architecture of apocalyptic prophecy is amazing!
Note: To keep the size of this growing matrix within the physical constraints of the pages within this book, the column for Babylon has been removed. The horn power in Daniel 8 does not arise from a nation on Earth. This king will come out of the north during the appointed time of the end. God uses the point of origin to make a profound statement. The Antichrist will arrive on a divine mission of destruction! God will send the stern-faced king to rule over the wicked. God will send him because the wicked rejected His truth and rebelled against His generous offer of salvation.
Paul talked about this, ". They [the wicked] perish because they refused to love the truth and so be saved. For this reason God sends them a powerful delusion so that they will believe the lie and so that all will be condemned who have not believed the truth but have delighted in wickedness. When nations go beyond the point of redemption, God raises up a destroyer king.
The reason God places the Antichrist in the end time story is because He sets up kings and He takes them down with other kings. During the Great Tribulation, God will send the stern-faced king of Daniel 8 the Antichrist to destroy much of the world. The devil will kill one-third of mankind, leaving two groups of survivors. When Jesus appears, one group will obey the commandments of the Lamb Revelation and the other group will obey the lamb-like beast the Antichrist.
I know this explanation of the horn power goes beyond the evidence presented thus far in Daniel 8, but my purpose is to help you behold a very large picture that will continue to unfold if the apocalyptic rules are followed! This language indicates the stern-faced king will grow in recognition and authority among the inhabitants of Earth until he is exalted above all gods! The book of Revelation reveals more about this process than Daniel.
Revelation indicates the devil will begin his physical work on Earth with local appearances. The devil, along with his enormous host of angels, will come down out of the sky in blinding clouds of light at specific locations on Earth. First, God will not permit the devil to be visible to the whole world at one time. So, the people of Earth will not be introduced to the Antichrist at one event.
He will grow in popularity as he appears in the skies over the populated cities of Earth. Lucifer will appear in various places and he will exercise miracle-working powers to convince people that he is God. Revelation ,15 Even though his display of power will be amazing, the saints will not be deceived. They know who lives behind the mask. Revelation , To understand the meaning of "the starry hosts" in Daniel 8, we have to examine the language and ways of people who lived in ancient times.
Polytheism was popular. The ancients worshiped various gods who lived among the stars of the heavens. Daniel ,28 They used the stars, like dots on a drawing pad, to draw pictures of their gods. These mythical gods belonged to a collection called "the starry hosts. These five texts help us understand who the starry hosts were italics mine :.
If we allow the Bible to be its own interpreter, the term "starry hosts" represents pagan deities. Acts With this setting in mind, Daniel indicates the Antichrist will grow in authority and recognition until he is honored above all gods worshiped by men. The stern-faced king will prove himself greater than the gods of all religions because he can perform great signs and miracles at will.
No other false god will be able to match his glory or prowess. So, when the time comes, the Antichrist will call fire down out of Heaven to destroy rebellious groups of people, and his actions will convince onlookers that they are in the presence of Almighty God. Revelation ,14; 2 Thes-salonians In this way, the devil will trample down show inferior all of the gods of this world and the religions of men.
Now that you have an idea of what the horn power from the north will do to the nations and religions of the world, notice these two texts:. Do not forget each of these specifications. The details regarding the horn power of Daniel 8 are creating a tall order — in fact, no ordinary person can meet these specifications.
We will investigate this claim by comparing the specifications given in the Bible with historical facts about Antiochus IV. Beginning with Daniel , the angel said, "It [the horn power] set itself up to be as great as the Prince of the host [The Lord Jesus] ; it [the horn power] took away the daily sacrifice from him, and the place of his sanctuary was brought low. The word "sacrifice" in verse 11 has been added by translators and is not found in the original manuscripts. This fact is important because Gabriel is not talking about the cessation of animal sacrifices on Earth.
The word "daily" comes from a perpetual round of services that occurred evening and morning in the earthly temple. However, the cessation of the daily in B. Antiochus IV was not the only king that terminated the daily services at the temple in Jerusalem. For example, Nebuchadnezzar destroyed the temple in B. The Roman general, Titus, destroyed the temple in A. However, the primary question begging for an answer is whether Antiochus IV was powerful enough to take the daily away from the Prince of the host, Jesus!
Review verse 11 again: "It [the horn power] set itself up to be as great as the Prince of the host [the Lord Jesus] ; it took away the daily sacrifice from him, and the place of his sanctuary was brought low. A brief history of Antiochus Epiphanes IV may be helpful because millions of people believe Antiochus IV is a fulfillment of the horn power in Daniel 8.
Let us closely examine the logic that produces this conclusion. Because there are valid rules of interpretation, no prophecy stands alone. Daniel 8 is not isolated from the historical matrix that unfolds in the book of Daniel. Because there are so many variables in the study of prophecy, we have to follow a set of valid rules if we want to know the intended meaning of prophecy. If we do not follow a valid set of rules, the outcome will be a private interpretation.
Daniel ,9 When it comes to apocalyptic prophecy, there is one fulfillment of prophecy. There is one meaning and there is one time-line. Apocalyptic events do not occur more than once. Rule One prohibits multiple fulfillments because there is a beginning point in time and an ending point in time for each prophecy and the events within the prophecy occur in the order in which are they given.
A fulfillment is the full-filling of all that God has said would come to pass. If all of the specifications of a prophecy are not met in an interpretation, the student has two options: a ignore the specifications and accept an interpretation that merely sounds good, or b reject the interpretation because it does not satisfy all of the specifications. Given these two choices, let us compare some of the supporting arguments for Antiochus IV with Scripture:. Cyrus I. Scofield , was a writer whose theological and prophetic views dramatically influenced Protestants during the twentieth century.
Scofield was not the first to suggest that Antiochus IV was the horn power of Daniel 8, but he was arguably the best. To prove that Antiochus IV was the horn power, Dr. Scofield claimed the 2, days in Daniel began with the desecration of the temple in Jerusalem Kislev 15, B. According to 1 Maccabees 3, Nicanor was one of the generals that Lysais appointed to destroy the Jews while Antiochus was looking for someone to plunder in Persia. According to 1 Maccabees , the temple was cleansed and services resumed three years and ten days after its desecration.
See also 2 Maccabees In other words, the number of days between the defilement of the temple by Antiochus IV and the reconsecration of the temple by Judas Maccabeus was 1, days, less than half of the needed 2, days. Because Daniel specifies 2, days, Scofield realized there was a problem, so he began searching for some event that occurred 2, days after Antiochus desecrated the temple in Jerusalem. The death of a nondescript general was the only thing that Scofield could find that even came close to 2, days.
Rather than abandon the Antiochus IV interpretation for a better interpretation of the horn power, Scofield declared the 2, days were fulfilled by two events that do not have 2, days between them. No doubt Dr. Scofield was a sincere man, but if a person does not use valid rules of interpretation, eventually he will end up in a corner where he has no choice but to twist or distort the Word of God to make the pieces fit. God said there would be 2, evenings and mornings — not more, not less — before the sanctuary would be cleansed. So, they argue with weasel words that temple services were only free of "destructive threat" after General Nicanor died.
The problem with this claim is that God says nothing about the temple being free of threat or about the Jews enjoying freedom from destruction in Daniel The King James Version of Daniel simply states, "Unto two thousand three hundred days, then shall the sanctuary be cleansed. The dates are taken from 1 Maccabees ; and Problem 1: 1 Maccabees says the temple in Jerusalem was cleansed and services restored years before General Nicanor was killed.
Problem 2: The calendar presented in Chart 4. Advocates of this dating scheme calculate the time between December 6, , and March 27, B. Then they add one month of 30 days for calendar adjustment because a solar year is The total time, according to this formula, adds up to 2, days. This view of the 2, days has no merit. First, there is no historical evidence showing the Jews ever observed a day year. The Jewish year is either or days in length depending on the cycles of the moon — never days.
Even if the Jews did observe a day year, the adjustment of 30 days every seven years does not resolve the problem of solar alignment which is critical for planting crops. In seven years, a proper alignment with the arrival of Spring requires an adjustment of If the Jews used a day calendar with a day correction every seven years, their calendar would be 27 days out of alignment with the sun in 28 years. No agricultural nation could survive this kind of error in their calendar.
Problem 3: Dr. Scofield, commenting on the seventy weeks of Daniel , wrote these words: "In this connection it should be remembered that, in the grand sweep of prophecy, prophetic time is invariably so near as to give full warning, so indeterminate as to give no satisfaction to mere curiosity. Does Scofield mean that once we find something "close enough" to fit within a prophetic time period, we can declare a prophetic mystery solved? How can an omniscient God not know the actual number of days between two events? In Daniel 12, God mentions two specific time periods having 1, days and 1, days.
Revelation 20 speaks of 1, years. Revelation speaks of 42 months and Revelation speaks of 3. Does God regard these time-periods as indeterminate? Of course not! Problem 4: An issue affecting the 2, days in Daniel exists which Scofield did not resolve.
The REVELATION of Jesus Christ #11
We know that the "time, times and half a time" in Daniel represents 1, years. The Bible confirms this point. See Revelation , Bible history confirms that God sometimes translates a day for a year so that 1, days would represent 1, years. This is not unusual. Because the 2, days in Daniel 8 and the seventy weeks in Daniel 9 begin at the same time this point will be demonstrated in our study on Daniel 9 , they share the same translation. In other words, the 2, days represent 2, years because the seventy weeks represent years.
In fact, the seventy weeks of Daniel 9 are "cut off" from the 2, days in Daniel 8! The matrix is at work and the timing in Daniel and Revelation fits together like hand and glove. Leviticus 25 This is why Rule Four states: "God measures apocalyptic time according to the presence or absence of the Jubilee Calendar. History says just the opposite. In fact, life for the Jews only became worse after Nicanor was killed.
Then, about a year after the death of Nicanor in May, B. Thus, the persecution of the Jews did not cease with the death of General Nicanor. Given the evidence presented thus far, advocates of Antiochus face insurmountable issues: The temple in Jerusalem was not free from threat after the death of Nicanor. Jewish persecution did not end after Nicanor died. The 2, days of Daniel cannot begin with the conduct of Antiochus IV and end with the death of General Nicanor. When the "interpretation" of Antiochus is closely examined, claims of fulfillment do not even come close to meeting all of the specifications given in Daniel 8.
God created the orbit of the electrons spinning around the nucleus of the cesium atom. This demonstrates that He is very capable of measuring time. If the cesium atom can be used to create an atomic clock that does not vary by more than one second in a hundred million years, surely God can measure time! I make this point because when it comes to timing and punctuality, no one in the universe is more precise than God! The God who said there would be 2, evenings and mornings before the sanctuary would be cleansed is the same God who said seventy weeks would be granted to Israel in Daniel 9.
Surely the Lord God knows what He is talking about! Because the Lord kept vigil that night to bring them out of Egypt, on this night all the Israelites are to keep vigil to honor the Lord for the generations to come. God is never wrong. With God, timing is everything! The 2, days is placed in Daniel 8 for a very good reason, if you are aware of two prerequisites.
First, you need to know about the historical matrix which the four rules produce. The countdown of 2, years began when the Persian, King Artaxerxes, issued a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem in B.
Is That In the Bible? The Mysteries of the Book of Revelation | Church of the Eternal God
Even though we cannot see the event taking place in Heaven, we know it began in They literally mean "evening and morning," as in one day. A day begins at sundown evening and the midway point through the day is sunrise morning. Leviticus Translators of the King James Version recognized this fact and they translated the 2, evenings and mornings of Daniel as 2, days.
New International Version translators were more literal with the text, translating it as "2, evenings and mornings. Bible students tend to interpret Bible prophecy as though Earth was the center of prophecy, but this is not the case. Daniel was directed to view a great convocation in Heaven. He saw a service when the Ancient of Days took His seat and billions of angels were in attendance. Remember the Heaven-Earth-Linkage-Law? First , the doctrine of parallel temples teaches there were two temples.
The one on Earth was a shadow of the real temple in Heaven where our Jesus serves as our High Priest. Hebrews We know the earthly temple was destroyed by the Romans in A. The only temple remaining is in Heaven. Second , the cleansing of the earthly temple occurred at an appointed time every year — on the Day of Atonement Leviticus 16 , but the heavenly temple is cleansed only once — at the appointed time of the end!
Hebrews Third , the 2, evenings and mornings must be translated as 2, years because God uses the Jubilee Calendar to translate a day into a year. This point and the Jubilee Calendar will be discussed at length when we examine the seventy weeks of Daniel 9. The 2, years began in the Spring of B. In fact, the timing of the great convocation in Daniel 7 and the cleansing of the sanctuary in Daniel 8 , aligns with the seventy weeks in Daniel 9 B.
The matrix is building! Fifth, the remarks that follow do not begin to cover the scope and breadth of the subject of parallel temples Hebrews , but a few words may be necessary about the annual service of cleansing the earthly temple, so you can understand the marvelous parallel that exists between the earthly temple and the heavenly temple. Again, the doctrine of parallel temples is a prerequisite doctrine for understanding Daniel 8. The angel said, ".
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Unto two thousand three hundred days, then shall the sanctuary be cleansed. The answer to this question is found in the cleansing of the earthly temple. The cleansing of the earthly temple was an annual event that occurred on the tenth day of the seventh month. This day was called the Day of Atonement. Jews today call it Yom Kippur, which means Day of Judgment. The cleansing of the earthly temple was necessary because it was defiled by sinners bringing sin offerings to the temple. The sinner, standing at the Altar of Burnt Offering, confessed his sins over the head of his sacrifice.
Then, he cut the jugular vein of the sacrificial animal with his own hands. This procedure shadows a divine truth. This earthly process was a shadow or pantomime of a reality that was coming. When the blood was applied to the horns of the altar, the altar became defiled because the guilt of the sinner had been transferred to it. Because the altars of the temple were depositories of guilt, the earthly temple was defiled until the Day for Cleansing the Day of Atonement arrived. For a single day, the earthly temple was restored to an undefiled state.
Leviticus 16 Then, on the following day, sacrifices resumed and the temple was defiled because the annual cycle started over. Hebrews This cleansing began in , which is 2, years after the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem given by Artaxerxes in B. The Day of Atonement service in the earthly temple was a shadow of the plan of salvation. Notice what the shadow reveals:. Two animals, a bull and a goat, were sacrificed in this service. Leviticus 16 The service began right after day break with the slaying of a bull that belonged to the high priest. This bull a very expensive sacrifice represents the sacrifice which the Father made in order to redeem mankind.
The high priest had to be found worthy to cleanse the temple before he could conduct the service. The slaying of the bull and the worthiness of the high priest shadows the sacrifice which the Father made and the qualifying process which Jesus our High Priest underwent before He could conclude the sin problem. See Revelation 4 and 5. The next event on the Day of Atonement was the casting of lots to determine which goat should die. A goat was used for this sacrifice because a goat has a free spirit. Jesus freely gave up His life for sinners.
Then, the high priest went behind the veil a second time to begin the cleansing of the temple. The first item to be cleansed was the Ark of the Covenant. The second item was the Altar of Incense and the last item to be cleansed was the Altar of Burnt Offering. These items were cleansed in this order and they became free of sin cleansed, reconsecrated, restored when the mixed blood of the bull and goat was sprinkled on them.
The last event in this service was the laying of hands on the head of the scapegoat. The scapegoat represents Lucifer, the author of sin, who freely exercised his power of choice to commit sin. After the temple furniture had been made holy with the sprinkling of blood, the high priest placed his hands on the head of the scapegoat. Then, the scapegoat was led out into the wilderness to slowly starve to death. The beauty of salvation is that sinners can escape the penalty of sin through faith.
Romans At the end of the 1, years, God will execute justice on the scapegoat and the wicked and they will suffer in proportion to their guilt until they are annihilated. This is the meaning of divine justice. The cleansing of the earthly temple shadows a process that began in Heaven in It is interesting to notice that is exactly forty-six years after When Jesus began His ministry on Earth, His first action after returning from fasting in the desert was the cleansing of a temple that took forty-six years to restore!
John The parallel is that Jesus began cleansing the heavenly temple forty-six years after the twenty-five thrones had been arranged and the convocation in Heaven began! Daniel 7 and Revelation 4 and 5 describe the same scene from slightly different angles. Since the Spring of , Jesus has been going through the books of record — one sinner at a time. Standing before the hosts of Heaven, Jesus has been deciding who will be a part of His eternal kingdom and who will not.
The point is that the temple in Heaven is cleansed as the guilt of sin is removed and placed on the appropriate party. Leviticus 20; Ezekiel ; ; When the time comes for the destruction of sinners at the end of the 1, years, every wicked person will suffer the appropriate penalty for his sins. Jesus will complete the task of judging mankind during the Great Tribulation. People living during the Great Tribulation will not be judged in the same way as those who have died. The faith of people living at that time will be tested with persecution.
In this way, they will choose and determine their eternal destiny. Revelation The book of Revelation reveals much more about this process, but this synopsis is intended to give you a general overview of the judgment process. Consider these comments by Bible writers:. For God will bring every deed into judgment , including every hidden thing, whether it is good or evil. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father, who sent him. He has given proof of this to all men by raising him from the dead. You may leave. When I find it convenient, I will send for you.
My reward is with me, and I will give to everyone according to what he has done. Remember that the 2, days in Daniel have been a great mystery for most Bible students. The reason for the mystery is quite simple. The event to which this prophecy points is not on Earth, but in Heaven. God uses the Heaven-Earth-Linkage-Law again to inform us of the timing of something we cannot see.
God put the kingdoms of Medo-Persia and Grecia in Daniel 8 because the 2, days began during the time of Medo-Persia. Review Chart 4. A starting date for the 2, years is not mentioned in Daniel 8 because the starting date is given in Daniel 9. To make matters more mysterious, the cleansing of the temple is in Heaven and not on Earth! No wonder this time-period has been a great mystery for nearly twenty-six centuries!
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Fortunately, God has revealed the architecture of Daniel and we can determine when the 2, evenings and mornings began. We will find in our study on Daniel 9 that the seventy weeks and 2, days start together and we will find that Daniel 7, Daniel 8, Daniel 9 and Revelation 4 and 5 perfectly align. I hope you will be patient enough to allow the prophetic matrix to build. My frustration, as the author of this book, is in trying to explain why each piece of prophecy belongs in a certain place according to the rules before all the pieces that belong to the story have been identified! Therefore, all I can ask at the present is that you allow the matrix to place each new piece in its place.
The Reformation Christians believed the horn power of Daniel 8 represented the papacy and some Christians today believe the same thing. Let us briefly examine this view. Gabriel told Daniel, ". I am going to tell you what will happen later in the time of wrath, because the vision concerns the appointed time of the end. In other words, the horn power described in Daniel 8 does not appear prior to This simple fact eliminates the Roman Catholic Church as a possible candidate for the horn power of Daniel 8 because the Roman Catholic Church achieved absolute power in A.
The little horn of Daniel 7 and the horn power of Daniel 8 cannot be the same entity for the following reasons:. You may wonder why the actual question in verse 13 is worded in such a complex way.