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They practice fishing, gathering and agriculture and speak a Tupi Guarani language. The Weenhayek culture also resides in the Chaco and Yacuiba area of the Chaco in Tarija and their language is Weenhayek. They have a population of slightly over and mostly practice fishing, gathering, subsistence agriculture, and handcrafts. The Afrobolivians are descendants of slaves and inhabit the Yungas tropical forest region in Northern La Paz. They number about 20, and most speak Spanish or Aymara, having lost their African traditions centuries ago.

They work mostly in agriculture, cutivating coca, manioc, bananas, citrus fruits, and rice near Coroico. The Araona culture inhabits a single community near Ixiamas, in the department of La Paz and speak the Tacana language. There are only about of them left. They are still hunters, fishers and gatherers, producing mostly fruit and nuts.

The Ayoreos culture from the Chiquitos region of the department of Santa Cruz.

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Their population is under and their language is Ayoreo, of the Zamuco language family. The Baure live in the Itenez region of the department of Beni and once numbered over 16, when Jesuit missionaries grouped them into mission towns. However, they now number under They speak the Arawak language. They practice subsistence agriculture and produce chocolate from natural cacao. The Canichana are a small group of under and their language family has not been identified.

They inhabit small towns near San Javier in the department of Beni and produce agricultural products such as rice, corn, beans, manioc and bananas. They number about and practice subsistence agriculture, cattle ranching, and gathering. They speak the Tacana language. The Cayubaba are also from Beni and live in the province of Yacuma. They speak the Cayubaba language and practice subsistence agriculture and cattle ranching. They grow rice, corn, beans and squash and produce manioc flour.

The Chacobo live near Riberalta, in the department of Beni and there are fewer than of them left. They speak the Pano language and grow Brazil nuts, hearts of palm, rice, corn and manioc. The Pacahuara also live near Riberalta, on the border between Beni and Pando.


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There are under 20 people of this Bolivian culture left. They used to be very numerous but their population was decimated by the Brazilians who enslaved them to work in on haciendas producing rubber and executed those who tried to escape. In some American missionaries helped them escape and they relocated to live near the Chacobo.

Most have adopted some of their customs and language. This video may be your last chance to ever see or hear a Pacahuara:.

Culture of Bolivia

Their language is Chiman. They are primarily fishermen and collect wood and palm fronds. Bolivia has long been neglected by North American historians and anthropologists. Now, author Javier A. The first half of this text is dedicated to how and where people live—detailed geography, social traditions, religious practices, political institutions, and Bolivian cuisine and culture.

The varied religious and linguistic traditions of the indigenous groups that comprise the majority of the national population are also described, giving readers a deeper appreciation for the diversity of Bolivia's character.

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The second half of the book explores the creative talent of Bolivians who are advancing the literary movements, painting styles, architectural design, theater productions, fashion design, and emerging film industry of the country. Culture and Customs of Bolivia also includes a detailed analysis of contemporary print and broadcasting media. Major ruins include Tiwanaku , Samaipata , Inkallaqta and Iskanwaya.

The country abounds in other sites that are difficult to reach and hardly explored by archaeologists.

Bolivia Customs and Culture

The Spanish brought their own tradition of religious art which, in the hands of local indigenous and mestizo builders and artisans, developed into a rich and distinctive style of architecture, literature, and sculpture known as "Mestizo Baroque. An important body of native baroque religious music of the colonial period was recovered in recent years and has been performed internationally to wide acclaim since Pagan rites from the pre-Columbian era are still common during the religious festivals of the Natives.

The clothing used during the festivals is reminiscent of the dress of pre-Columbian Indians and 16th century Spaniards. The at the annual carnival of Oruro are among the great folkloric events of South America, as are the lesser known indigenous Anata Andina and the "carnival" at Tarabuco Pujllay , or the Tinku - fertility rites held at Macha every 3 May.

Many dances and songs contain elements from both the native and European cultures. In the Highlands, other traditional and still very popular dances are:.

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Clothing of Andean women of indigenous descent includes the pollera pleated-skirt , the 19th century European bowler hat , and a silky shawl known as a manta. The pollera is a symbol of pride for the indigenous people , who live in La Paz, and for people in rural areas. The inhabitants of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, from babies to seniors, wear the same kind of clothes that are typical in western countries, like jeans, shorts which are the most common because of the heat , t-shirts, dresses, etc.

Association football is the most popular sport in Bolivia. The FBF organises the men's , women's , and futsal national teams. The Bolivia national football team is currently ranked 69th in the world, with their best FIFA ranking being 18th in the world. Bolivia's national basketball team finished 8th at the South American Basketball Championship.

There, Bolivia beat Ecuador for its first victory ever at the event. Bolivia's women's national basketball team won the silver medal at the South American Basketball Championship for Women. Bolivian cuisine stems mainly from the combination of Spanish cuisine with traditional native Bolivian ingredients, with later influences from Germans , Italians , Basques , Croats , Russians , and Poles , due to the arrival of immigrants from those countries.

The three traditional staples of Bolivian cuisine are corn , potatoes , and beans.