In all these joint ventures, it is the style of Joplin that appears to be the dominant voice. Swipesy, for example, brims with that blithe, nonchalant sense one hears in so many of Joplin 's ragtime classics, like the popular The Entertainer. Not that Swipesy is a thematic cousin -- its sprightly main theme exudes a jaunty and somewhat subdued sort of Gay '90s festivity, the kind of thing that would serve well as background music to the early silent film comedies. But it cavorts proudly, not comically in its bouncy rhythms and constantly evolving material. Its sense of effervescence never flags and its subtle-seeming flirtations from the upper register charm the ear.
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Features Interviews Lists. Streams Videos All Posts. Genre Keyboard Classical. Period Post-Romantic. Comp Date Pub Date Avg Duration Share on facebook twitter tumblr. Mando Chronicles. Classic Ragtime from Rare Piano Rolls. Johnson related his grandmother's recollections of a dance-walk from "the old days". White guests would arrive by carriage to watch their slaves pair off and perform a dance-walk, "as elegant and poised as a Mozart minuet", but flavored with "an exaggerated grace, sometimes comical".
Johnson relates that "The cadenced walking and high stepping was supplied by a violin , a drum and a horn of some kind. A towering, extra sweet coconut cake was the prize for the winning couple. The cakewalk was still popular at the dances of ordinary folks after the Civil War. Urlin, writing in the book Dancing and Modern, stated that the cakewalk "originated in Florida, where it is. It was one of Joplin's simpler and less famous ragtime scores, written during a transitional period in his life, one of the few pieces that Joplin cut as a piano roll in a session.
The Trio is in the key of C major; the D section emphasizes another fine melody, accentuates the variety found between sections. Joplin's recent scuffle with John Stillwell Stark over the publication of The Ragtime Dance created a level of animosity between composer and publisher. Weeping Willow became the second of many pieces published by a firm other than Stark's since Maple Leaf Rag ; the copyright was registered June 6, , sheet music was published by the Val A.
Reis Music Company of St. The piece was released on Connorized piano rolls. MIDI format sheet music. It is significant for being the last rag which Joplin published in his lifetime, three years before his death in , it is unique in form and in some of the musical techniques employed in the composition. He was suffering from the latter stages of syphilis , the disease from which he died only three years later; as a result of Joplin's mood at this time, the piece expresses a melancholy entirely unheard in his earlier works.
Due to its novelty at the time, the form has been described as "progressive", it has been suggested that Joplin was trying to merge ragtime elements with the classical sonata form. The form is cyclic: that is, the opening melody is revisited at the end of the piece.
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Cyclic form is rare among Joplin's rags. Joplin's usage of Italian tempo indications in "Magnetic Rag" has been interpreted as his intention to give the piece a serious aspect in a similar manner to Treemonisha and "Scott Joplin's New Rag". Since Joplin published "Magnetic Rag" himself, it has been suggested that the composition reflected his wishes and contained no compromises.
Joplin produced "Magnetic Rag" during what several musicologists consider to be his experimental period. It was at this time that Joplin attempted to write rags that were not confined to the standard " oom-pah " left-hand beat and that incorporated several other novelties.
Like the classic rag, "Magnetic Rag" begins with a four-bar introduction. Since it is featured at both the beginning and end of the piece, the melody of the A strain is the most recognizable melody in the piece. Much of this melody is in the mode of the main key of the entire piece; this shift demonstrates one of Joplin's late-life techniques: establishing a foreign key within the framework of a strain. The second and fourth strains are what made "Magnetic Rag" unique among Joplin's rags; the B strain is written in G minor.
The darkening tone generated by the minor scale stands out among Joplin's rags, is revisited in the D strain. In contrast to the minor themes in the B strain, the third section is upbeat but with bittersweet harmonies, returning once again to the key of B-flat major. Here, for the first time, the piece departs from the standard left-hand pattern that characterizes most ragtime. This section of the piece has been compared to the style of twelve bar blues.
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The C strain represents the only known time when Joplin departs from the standard sixteen-bar form, being instead 24 bars in length with an uneven and bar division, its first 12 measures parallel the bar blues form and the next two measures extend the subdominant as a transition into the last ten bars. Of all the strains in the piece, the final D strain is the most interesting, it is written in B-flat minor. When Joplin used minor keys in the previous sections, he used the relative key of G minor.
Most of Joplin's rags end with the last strain; this "smiling little coda " expresses some of the tonalities and rhythms heard throughout the piece. With the Brahmsian darkness of This was music on a large scale, now being squeezed into the narrow confines of rag form—so much so, that the music burst at the seams; some music historians evaluate "Magnetic Rag", as well as other works from Joplin's late period, as being indicative of his unstable mental condition which resulted from the effects of syphilis. One of these is Martin Williams : Joplin's "last period"; some of his rags reach more toward concert music than did any Jazz up to Lennie Tristano's, while others seem to revert to his style.
Profoundly ambitious passages lie side by side with mechanical ditties, it is not hard to find in these compositions a reflection of approaching derangement—he lost his mind in Here is a terrifying mixture of the familiar and the agonizing unknown, it is in fact more profound. Marshall was born on a farm in Saline County , the son of Emily Marshall, a washerwoman, Edward Marshall, who had no discernible career, on November 20, A few years his family moved to Sedalia, Missouri because black children were allowed to attend school nine months a year there as opposed to the three months allowed blacks elsewhere, the Sedalia townspeople were more accepting of African Americans; the Marshalls lived at West Henry Street.
Marshall attended elementary school in Sedalia, he was only fifteen years old. Marshall had taken some private lessons in classical music years before, was versed with piano technique and a gift for syncopation. Joplin helped get Marshall a job at the Maple Leaf Club during its single year of existence in In the club on October 1, , Marshall got into a fight with a young man named Ernst Edwards over Edwards's girlfriend.
They took their fight outside, Marshall pummeled Edwards with his cane, Edwards drew a gun, Marshall ran away. At Joplin's suggestion, Marshall continued to study music at George R. Smith College , learning music theory. Marshall graduated from the Teacher's Institute with a teaching license, however, it seems that he chose to pursue a career as a performer, he earned a reputation as an outstanding local musician. While still in college, he traveled with McCabe's Minstrels for nearly two years, playing during intermissions.
Marshall helped cover his school expenses by playing ragtime in public venues and for dances and special occasions, he played where work was available. During and , Marshall lived in the Joplin home in St. During this time and Will died. Marshall continued to play in various tours and contests, both in St. Louis and at places such as Chicago. At some point after mid, he moved with his wife to Chicago, they lived in an apartment at South State Street above Beau Baum's Saloon , across the street from the Pekin Theater.
Marshall played at several local spots. Marshall retired from the music business in , but in life he participated in ragtime revivals. Arthur Marshall died in Missouri. Marshall married four times during his life. Latisha Howell, in St. Louis circa Maude McMannes, in St. Louis Julia Jackson , in Chicago, with whom he had three children, two girls and one boy.
Julia died in childbirth in Rags and Ragtime: A Musical History. ISBN Treemonisha Treemonisha is an opera by African-American composer Scott Joplin , most noted for his ragtime piano works. Though it encompasses a wide range of musical styles other than ragtime, Joplin did not refer to it as such, it is sometimes incorrectly referred to as a "ragtime opera"; the music of Treemonisha includes an overture and prelude, along with various recitatives, small ensemble pieces, a ballet, a few arias. The opera was unknown before its first complete performance in Joplin was posthumously awarded the Pulitzer Prize for music in for Treemonisha; the performance was called a "semimiracle" by music historian Gilbert Chase , who said Treemonisha "bestowed its creative vitality and moral message upon many thousands of delighted listeners and viewers" when it was recreated.
The musical style of the opera is the popular romantic one of the early 20th century, it has been described as "charming and piquant and The opera celebrates African-American music and culture while stressing that education is the salvation of the Negro race. The heroine and symbolic educator is Treemonisha, who runs into trouble with a local band of conjurers, who kidnap her. Joplin completed Treemonisha in , paid for a piano-vocal score to be published in At the time of the publication, he sent a copy of the score to the American Musician and Art Journal.
Treemonisha received a full-page review in the June issue; the review said it was an "entirely new phase of musical art and Despite this endorsement, the opera was never staged during his lifetime, its sole performance was a concert read-through in with Joplin at the piano, at the Lincoln Theater in Harlem, New York , paid for by Joplin.
One of Joplin's friends, Sam Patterson, described this performance as "thin and unconvincing, little better than a rehearsal Aside from a concert-style performance in of the ballet Frolic of the Bears from Act II, by the Martin-Smith Music School , the opera was forgotten until , when the score was rediscovered.
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On October 22, , excerpts from Treemonisha were presented in concert form at the New York Public Library for the Performing Arts, with musical performances by William Bolcom , Joshua Rifkin and Mary Lou Williams supporting a group of singers; the world premiere took place on January 27, , as a joint production of the music department of Morehouse College and the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra in Atlanta , using the orchestration by T.
Anderson ; the performance was directed by Katherine Dunham , former head of a noted African-American dance company in her own name, conducted by Robert Shaw. He is one of the first major American conductors to hire both black and white singers for his chorale; the production was well received by both critics. The orchestration notes for Treemonisha have been lost, as has Joplin's first opera A Guest of Honor. Subsequent performances have been produced using orchestrations created by a variety of composers, including T.
Anderson, Gunther Schuller , most Rick Benjamin. Opera historian Elise Kirk noted that "the opera slumbered in oblivion for more than half a century before making a triumphant Broadway debut, it was recorded commercially in its entirety — the earliest African American opera to achieve that distinction and the earliest to receive widespread modern recognition and performance.
He drew on the ragtime idiom only in the dance episodes. Historians have speculated that Joplin's second wife, Freddie Alexander, may have inspired the opera. Like the title character, she was educated, well-read, known to be a proponent of women's rights and African-American culture.
Joplin set the work in September , the month and year of Alexander's birth, which contributes to that theory. Joplin biographer Edward A. Berlin has said. Berlin said that the opera was "a tribute to the woman he loved, a woman other biographers never mentioned. Berlin and other music historians, along with Joplin's widow, have noted similarities between this element of the opera's story and Joplin's own childhood music and other lessons with Julius Weiss.
Treemonisha, the protagonist of the opera, is a black teenager, educated by a white woman, "just as Joplin received his education from a white music teacher". Historian Larry Wolz agrees, noting that the "influence of mid-nineteenth-century German operatic style" is quite obvious in Treemonisha, which he attributes to Joplin learning from Weiss. Berlin notes that Lottie Joplin saw a connection between the character Treemonisha's wish to lead her people out of ignorance, a similar desire in the composer. Lottie Joplin describes Treemonisha as a spirit who would.
Original Rags " Original Rags " was an early ragtime medley for piano.
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It was the first of Scott Joplin's rags to appear in print, in early , preceding his " Maple Leaf Rag " by half a year; the tune's copyright was registered on March 15, , it was first published by Carl Hoffman of Kansas City, Missouri. The original cover page showed an elderly black man picking up rags in front of a ramshackle cabin, has been interpreted as a double pun, first on the activities of a rag picker, second on a slang term for ragtime, "picking the piano"; the rag was given the following credits: Picked By Scott Joplin Arranged By Chas.
Daniels, it is not known whether Charles N. Daniels arranged the piece, or transcribed it. Like the posthumously published "Reflection Rag", it features five themes, but the "Original Rag" delays reentry of the first theme until after the modulation. Ragtime historians have commented on the harmonic similarity between the "D" section of "Original Rags" and the "A" section of H.
Blesh appreciated it as "a charming and auspicious beginning to the life work of the master ragtime composer". Youtube video of "Original Rags" being played. One of his more popular works, it is one of a handful of Joplin's rags for which he recorded a piano roll; the cover of the original sheet music prominently features a well-dressed man and lady sitting on a treble staff, looking down upon a cherub clutching a cymbal in each hand, which reflects plainly the title of the piece.
In addition, many parts of the piece are somewhat chromatic section A. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Oxford Univ. At the Piano with Scott Joplin.