If signs are detected by 18 months of age, intensive treatment may help to rewire the brain and reverse the symptoms. The earliest signs of autism involve the absence of normal behaviors—not the presence of abnormal ones—so they can be tough to spot. However, you can catch warning signs early if you know what to look for. By 9 months: No back-and-forth sharing of sounds, smiles, or other facial expressions.
By 12 months: No back-and-forth gestures, such as pointing, showing, reaching, or waving. As children get older, the red flags for autism become more diverse. There are many warning signs and symptoms, but they typically revolve around impaired social skills, speech and language difficulties, non-verbal communication difficulties, and inflexible behavior. Basic social interaction can be difficult for children with autism spectrum disorder. Many kids on the autism spectrum seem to prefer to live in their own world, aloof and detached from others.
Children with autism spectrum disorder have difficulty with speech and language. Often, they start talking late. Children with autism spectrum disorder have trouble picking up on subtle nonverbal cues and using body language. Children with autism spectrum disorder are often restricted, inflexible, and even obsessive in their behaviors, activities, and interests. Until recently, most scientists believed that autism is caused mostly by genetic factors. But groundbreaking new research indicates that environmental factors may also be important in the development of autism. Babies may be born with a genetic vulnerability to autism that is then triggered by something in the external environment, either while he or she is still in the womb or sometime after birth.
In fact, one of the most important environments appears to be the prenatal environment.
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Nutritional deficiencies early in pregnancy, particularly not getting enough folic acid. Complications at or shortly after birth, including very low birth weight and neonatal anemia. Take a multivitamin. Taking micrograms of folic acid daily helps prevent birth defects such as spina bifida. Ask about SSRIs. Women who are taking an SSRI or who develop depression during pregnancy should talk with a clinician about all the risks and benefits of these drugs.
Practice prenatal care. Eating nutritious food, trying to avoid infections, and seeing a clinician for regular check-ups can increase the chances of giving birth to a healthy child. Despite a lot of controversy on the topic, scientific research does not support the theory that vaccines or their ingredients cause autism. Five major epidemiologic studies conducted in the U. Additionally, a major safety review by the Institute of Medicine failed to find any evidence supporting the connection.
Other organizations that have concluded that vaccines are not associated with autism include the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC , the U. Fact: Vaccines protect your child from many serious and potentially deadly diseases, including measles, meningitis, polio, tetanus, diphtheria, and whooping cough. These diseases are uncommon today because vaccines are doing their job.
American Sign Language | NIDCD
Amazing, signs equals 1, English words. One sign can mean many things. The sign vocabulary was carefully chosen for its usefulness in our everyday conversation.
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We communicate about people we know, our thoughts and ideas, our five senses, our feelings, the space in which we live and when things happen. These are the things we talk about, and these are the signs of Sign Can You. This small, powerful and versatile vocabulary will serve you well as you begin your journey into American Sign Language. The sign vocabulary also demonstrates grammatical elements of ASL. Language is not just vocabulary. Sign Can You discusses how to describe the space of the outer world through the signing space of our bodies, how to manipulate signs to put events in time, how to describe objects and move them around our signing space, the importance of body and facial language and more.
You'll not only learn signs. You'll also learn grammar, and how to think in ASL.
Browse Signs by...
Three hundred signs may seem like a lot, but the DVD will help you. It's your tool for learning ASL. The DVD demonstrates all the signs. This will help you produce the signs. The DVD also includes short messages using only signs from the book. This will help you recognize the signs and experience the difference between ASL and English. Joining will enable you to fully participate in play tests, feedback, find teammates and more.
Signing Savvy, Your Sign Language Resource
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