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In very general terms, criminal law defines assault and civil law defines battery in terms of non-consensual interpersonal physical contact or the non-consensual threat of such contact. The tort of false imprisonment and related criminal offences consider detention and restraint unlawful where it is the non-consensual deprivation of liberty in a delimited space.

These are discussed here in very general terms noting there will be differences between jurisdictions :. This procedural protection on an individual basis of when and how such interventions take place elides questioning at a systemic level why these unwanted practices should ever be permitted and in turn elides categorically naming these practices as violence. The state and law contributes to the production of broader social and ethical norms about what is permissible to be done to people with disability and ultimately lowers the value of the bodies and lives of people with disability.

The status of some violence against people with disability as lawful has implications for the punishment of perpetrators and remedies for survivors — in short, there are none. For example, if an individual is detained in a mental health facility and given treatment pursuant to a court order made under civil mental health legislation, that individual cannot report this to police and have the doctor charged with assault although if the doctor acts outside of the specifics of the order, this would then be unlawful.

A further example is the detention in forensic mental health system of a non-convicted individual on basis of unfitness: this is lawful if is unfitness determined pursuant to the legal process specified by forensic mental health legislation and an individual cannot claim damages for years of imprisonment. Therefore, categorizing violence against people with disability in terms of its legal status illuminates how some violence against people with disability is legally permitted and state sanctioned. The CRPD provides the possibility of seeing non-consensual medical treatment, detention and physical and chemical restraint of people with disability as violence , and provides a human rights basis for states parties to prohibit these practices as unlawful violence.

The CRPD explicitly imposes obligations on states parties to protect people with disability from violence, including by taking legal measures presumably to prohibit violence and provide appropriate remedies. Yet, the obligation in Article 16 is not merely to protect individuals from currently unlawful violence, e.

The CRPD is quite radical in the new approach to violence against people with disability that it provides. This approach also contests old but ever growing institutions, disciplines and industries of incarceration and therapy through which non-consensual physical contact, detention or restraint are administered. Despite these rather revolutionary ideas about disability and violence provided by the CRPD, disability-specific lawful violence continues.

Here I conclude by making a number of suggestions related to the significance of the interface of CRPD and domestic law to the prohibition and remedying of presently lawful violence against people with disability. United Nations human rights committees must be consistent and persistent in urging states parties to reform criminal and civil laws to explicitly prohibit non-consensual physical contact, detention or restraint of people with disability including prohibit forced medical treatment, detention and chemical and physical restraint.

United Nations human rights bodies might need to turn to consider the ideas of disability underpinning their approaches to violence against people with disability, some of which might precede the CRPD and its shift from a medical approach to disability. A number of additional strategies which states parties should pursue and which United Nations human rights bodies should encourage states parties to pursue include:.

Ultimately, the lower legal threshold of violence in relation to people with disability reflects a devaluing of bodies and lives of individuals with disability — until this is addressed the human rights of people with disability promised by the CRPD will be profoundly and disappointingly incomplete. One could believe that, in the land of liberty, one is still entitled to his or her physical and moral integrity. Experience proves it wrong.

It is sufficient if one refuses hospitalization or a treatment for the doctors to relieve each other in order to enforce commitment. They are making believe it is a recourse. I fought in vain, pleading that neuroleptics anesthetize consciousness, occasion memory loss, make one docile and influentiable, make depressive and even more anxious, impair one cognitively and destroy the soul. I was put under contention, was violently undressed, dehydrated, humiliated, spoliated, mistreated…. It is also too late and too complicated for me now to become a mother. I had unfortunately to experience that, according to psychiatrists if they even believed me , there would be no cause-to-effect relationship between what I had to bear and my troubles!

I had to notice, alike Dr. Muriel Salmona — only psychiatrist in France knowingly approaching psychical suffering under the perspective of trauma — that in France, no specific caretaking is being proposed nor planned, and after 8 years of psychiatry, not one physician has diagnosed me a post-traumatic stress disorder with dissociation which, according to Dr.

At that time, patients had no legal or civil rights, including no right to appeal involuntary committal, I had no right to appeal or refuse insulin shock or any unwanted psychiatric treatment. Violations of our human rights in the s are still violated today.

Human rights in psychiatry are a sham. Involuntary committal is a legal atrocity that must be abolished. In Ontario, the criteria for depriving a citizen of freedom are so ill-defined, vague and broad they can apply to virtually any person. Why7 Because psychiatrists and other physicians routinely ignore or violate its basic criteria.

For many, such consent has been given involuntarily-by threat, staff pressure, intimidation, physical restraint or force. In other words, informed consent to psychiatric treatment is a myth, virtually nonexistent, particularly in psychiatric facilities. Psychiatrists and other doctors who fail to fully inform patients about any prescribed treatments and risks should be criminally charged with medical negligence and assault. At the same time, all psychiatric patients should be given basic and accurate information, written or in alternate formats they can easily access and understand, on informed consent; they should also be given opportunities to discuss any questions about informed consent, including the right to refuse any treatment, with a patient advocate or lawyer, and translator if requested.

Enough talk. How about some real action for a change? For other major critiques of psychiatry, also see, T. Psychiatry: The Science of Lies. Syracuse University Press, ; P. In the early s, he was forcibly administered insulin shocks while involuntarily committed and incarcerated for 15 months in Mclean Hospital. For over 30 years, he has been active in the antipsychiatry liberation movement. In with shock survivor and lawyer Carla McKague, he co-founded Phoenix Rising, the first survivor-controlled antipsychiatry magazine in Canada.

In with Dr. Since the late s, Don has also been an outspoken critic of homelessness and advocate for affordable housing as a member of the Ontario Coalition Against Poverty. He lives in Toronto. Who in this world ought to have the right to make decisions about their lives, and who is required to lose that right and have the medical community and the courts take over? This is terrifying.

It ought to terrify those who are so labeled and those who are not, because deprivation of human rights on totally arbitrary grounds is inhumane and immoral. Now the United Nations human rights treaty called the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities includes the absolute prohibition of forced commitment and forced treatment, and the brilliant and tireless advocate Tina Minkowitz is leading a campaign to show that there is a wide base of support for these prohibitions. So one crucial myth that is relevant to the CRPD is that psychiatric diagnoses are scientific and usually appropriately applied.

If no harm came from being classified as mentally ill, there would be less cause for alarm. The evidence for this pattern is all the more remarkable, given that for a number of reasons e. Thus, two other crucial myths that are relevant to the CRPD are that people who have received psychiatric labels are likely to be incompetent to make choices about their lives and that they are more likely than other people to be violent.

A fourth crucial myth is that forced commitment and forced treatment are beneficial and, by implication, not harmful. That this is a myth is reflected in the high rates of suicide that follow inpatient treatment and the increased rates of suicide caused by many psychiatric drugs, as well as the plummeting rates of recovery and increased rates of longterm disability that have followed the introduction of various psychiatric drugs into the market and the use of electroshock. We all know people who have no psychiatric labels but who make terrible choices and poor judgment, yet those limitations are not used to deprive the of their human rights.

These capacities are orthogonal to whether or not one has been diagnosed as mentally ill, meaning that knowing whether or not a person has a diagnosis is simply not a predictor of their judgment and ability to make good choices for themselves. The CRPD standard is for people who have or are perceived to have disabilities must be provided the opportunity to give free and informed consent. That is very far from what happens with the vast majority of people treated by psychotherapists, not to mention those who are deprived of their human rights.

Consider this: Psychiatric diagnosis is the bedrock, the first cause of everything bad that happens to people in and through the mental health system. There are three reasons:. Alarmed about the lack of disclosure, which puts suffering people who seek help in the mental health system at huge risk of harm with no way even to know what questions to ask and what recommendations to challenge, I organized the filing of nine complaints to the Ethics Department of the American Psychiatric Association, because that APA publishes and hugely profits from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM , whose categories had been used against the complaints with tragic effects.

The APA dismissed the complaints on spurious grounds and with not one iota of attention to their merits. Five of those complainants then filed complaints with the U. The complaints were filed pursuant to the Americans with Disabilities Act, according to which people can be discriminated against by being treated as though they are disabled mentally ill in these cases when in fact they are not. All of the complainants had been experiencing upsetting life situations but should by no means have been diagnosed as mentally ill. Yet according to the falsely-marketed as scientific DSM, they were mentally ill, and the treatments that were justified on the basis of their labels had had devastating consequences for them.

The OCR dismissed the complaints on spurious grounds and with no attention to their merits. The outcomes of these complaints provide a solid paper trail revealing that in the United States, the enterprise of psychiatric diagnosis is entirely unregulated.

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This makes it even less regulated than the major financial institutions whose unregulated actions seriously damaged the economy. The loss of human rights of just one of us through fraudulent advertising, cover-ups, and perpetuation of dangerous myths is the loss of human rights of us all. According to Minkowitz, these include the claim that U. S law already fulfills or exceeds the obligations our country would have under the CRPD treaty. Paula J. Caplan, PhD Paula J. Caplan, PhD, is a clinical and research psychologist, activist, Associate at the DuBois Institute, Harvard University, and the author of 11 books, including one that won three national awards for nonfiction and two about psychiatric diagnosis.

Forced treatment in psychiatry as we currently know it cannot be defended, neither on ethical, legal or scientific grounds. However, we ignore the convention and continue to discriminate against people with mental problems. Please consider this. The only drugs that can be given without permission are also some of the most dangerous ones.

Psychiatric drugs are the third major killer after heart disease and cancer, with an estimated , deaths in the United States and European Union combined. But there is an important, ethically relevant difference: soldiers have chosen to become soldiers; psychiatric patients have not chosen to become psychiatric patients. In many countries, a person considered insane, or in a similar condition, can be admitted to a psychiatric ward on an involuntary basis if the prospect of cure or substantial and significant improvement of the condition would otherwise be significantly impaired.

After having studied the science carefully over many years, I have come to doubt that this is ever the case. Forced treatment most commonly involves the use of antipsychotics, but they are very poor drugs. The placebo controlled trials are seriously flawed because they have not been adequately blinded.

This cold turkey design means that abstinence symptoms — which may include psychosis — are being inflicted on patients who get placebo. Even helped by these formidable biases in the trials, the outcome is poor. The minimal improvement on the Clinical Global Impressions Ratings corresponds to about 15 points on the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale,4 but what was obtained in recent placebo controlled trials in submissions to the FDA for newer antipsychotics was only 6 points,5 although it is easy for scores to improve quite a bit if people are knocked down by a tranquilliser and express their abnormal ideas less frequently.

Thus, the FDA has approved newer antipsychotic drugs whose effect is far below what is clinically relevant. Old drugs are similarly ineffective. Whereas the benefits of antipsychotics are doubtful, the harms are certain, and the cold turkey design is lethal. One in every patients who entered the trials for risperidone, olanzapine, quetiapine and sertindole died, but none of these deaths were mentioned in the scientific literature. Randomised trials in dementia shows that for every patients treated for a few weeks, one is killed by an antipsychotic, compared to those treated with placebo.

For example, a review found that only 19 of 50 deaths and 1 of 9 suicides on olanzapine described in trial summaries on websites also appeared in journal articles. There is no evidence that mechanical restraint in belts or seclusion has any benefits, but these treatments can also be lethal. Violence breeds violence and when psychotic patients become violent, it is very often because of the inhumane treatment they receive. It may also be because they get abstinence symptoms when they drop a few doses of an antipsychotic because they are very unpleasant to take, which can include akathisia — an extreme form of restlessness that predisposes to both suicide and homicide.

Another reason for using force is if patients present an obvious and substantial danger to themselves or others, in which case they can be involuntarily admitted. However, this is not necessary. The National Italian Mental Health Law specifies that a reason for involuntary treatment cannot be that the patient is dangerous.

This is a matter for the police, as it also is in Iceland, and patients in Italy can decide that they want treatment elsewhere. Forced treatment does more harm than good and it kills many people, not only because of the direct harms of the drugs but also because of suicide. A register study of 2, suicides showed that the closer the contact with psychiatric staff — which often involves forced treatment — the worse the outcome.

These patients would be expected to be at greater risk of suicide than other patients confounding by indication , but most of the potential biases in the study favoured the null hypothesis of there being no relationship. An accompanying editorial noted that some of the people who commit suicide during or after an admission to hospital do so because of conditions inherent in that hospitalisation. I fully admit that some patients are very difficult to treat optimally without using force.

But it seems that, with adequate leadership and training of staff in de-escalation techniques, it is possible to practice psychiatry without using force. I believe we have to abolish laws of forced admission and treatment, in accordance with the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. We will need to work out how we may best deal with those patients who would have benefited from forced treatment in a future where force is no longer allowed.

He is a specialist in internal medicine. General comment No. OpenElement accessed 1 April Does long term use of psychiatric drugs cause more harm than good? BMJ ;h Neuropsychopharmacology ; Exploratory analyses of efficacy data from schizophrenia trials in support of new drug applications submitted to the US Food and Drug Administration.

J Clin Psychiatry ;— Mad in America. Cambridge: Perseus Books Group; Risk of death with atypical antipsychotic drug treatment for dementia: meta-. Differences in reporting serious adverse events in industry sponsored clinical trial registries and journal articles on antidepressant and antipsychotic drugs: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open ;4:e The cognitive effects of electroconvulsive therapy in community settings.

The effectiveness of electroconvulsive therapy: a literature review. Epidemiol Psichiatr Soc Oct-Dec; Risk of suicide according to level of psychiatric treatment: a nationwide nested case-control study. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol ;— Disturbing findings about the risk of suicide and psychiatric hospitals. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol ;—5. Eur Psychiat ; Interventions to reduce the use of seclusion and restraint in inpatient psychiatric settings: what we know so far, a review of the literature.

Int J Soc Psychiat ;— An offering in support of the CRPD campaign, an excerpt of my as yet unpublished non-fiction book about my ECT and forced drug experience and my work to recover a mental balance. They wheel me into the white, tiled room and shunt me onto a table. The needle pierces my vein and fuzz creeps into my mind. My lungs are paralyzed. I try to tell them, try to scream for help, but a mask with a hose attached blocks my mouth and nose, and I know no more. Except I feel that I am dying. How long after? I have no idea how I got here.

Perhaps my name brings me back to this world. An estimated 86 million young girls worldwide are likely to experience some form of the practice by , if current trends continue. Indigenous women in Latin America continue to face great gaps in access to higher education, health services and employment, although there have been significant educational advances, according to a report by the UN's Economic Commission f or Latin America and the Caribbean Eclac.

ICT represent critical tools and an infrastructure that are increasingly shaping our world, unerstandings, interactions and structures of society. They can also enable efforts toward realizing inclusive, equitable and just development. At the center of this is the empowerment of women and gender equality, where ICTs can play a catalytic role. This study examines how austerity measures may have adversely affected children and women in a sample of developing countries in It relies on International Monetary Fund IMF fiscal projections and IMF country reports to gauge how social assistance and other public spending decisions have evolved since the start of the global economic crisis.

This report proposes three interrelated targets, one specifically referring to universal coverage of quality health care, which would include sexual and reproductive health and family planning. Slovenia is one of the newer European states. This year it marked the 22nd anniversary of the independence declaration. It joined the European Union in Over twenty years of establishing and consolidating the new government institutions is at the same time a period of more or less intensive efforts to enhance the political power of women.

The data in the table below has been compiled by the Inter-Parliamentary Union on the basis of information provided by National Parliaments by 1st July Since their adoption more than 13 years ago, significant and substantial progress has been made in meeting many of the eight Millennium Development Goals, including visible improvements in all health areas as well as primary education, and halving the number of people living in extreme poverty. However, progress is uneven, particularly for women and girls, and in many areas far from sufficient. Civil society looks to the next HLD in with great hope and expectations to find longer term solutions, commitments and institutional changes that address migration comprehensively at the global level.

Also in French and Spanish Corruption is global phenomenon and a major obstacle to development and economic growth in the global South. Although it affects all social classes and groups, women and poor women in particular are among the most affected. The rights of persons with disabilities must be directly addressed by the post development agenda, United Nations officials today urged a High-level meeting of the General Assembly, where world leaders pledged to work together on national and international policies that enhance and promote disability-inclusive development.

Nomso of Traffina Foundation shares with MamaYe, her experience of using sms to motivate pregnant women on pregnancy care tips, nutritional facts and antenatal care attendance Marie Louise, 46, from the village of Namakia-Ankilibe, about one hour's drive south of Toliara, in arid southwestern Madagascar, never saw the inside of a classroom as a child.

In , approximately 6. Professor Schiebinger emphasizes that gender bias is built into society and 'It is crucially important to identify gender bias in science and technology AWID spoke to Palestinian artist Larissa Sansour about how she addresses political issues in her art, the link between art and activism and why it is important to address censorship head on.

The European Court of Human Rights have updated their fact sheet on Violence against Women - providing detailed information about case law. In his annual report on the work of the Organization, Mr. Ban says that the UN is adapting to new realities, among them an unprecedented level of interconnectedness, as well as unemployment brought about by the global economic crisis, increasing inequality within and among States, and environmental degradation.

Although transitional justice processes are intended to help heal and restore society after conflict or authoritarian rule, marginalized groups often struggle to make their voices heard.

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These groups include those who have been displaced by conflict and, within that category, those who have specifically faced gender-based violence and injustice within the trajectory of displacement. This paper explores the relationship between transitional justice and forced migration from a gendered perspective. ITU's governing Council ended two weeks of deliberations which focused on the strategic and financial plans for the Union for as well as the budget for the next biennium, Development, peace and security, and human rights are interdependent, mutually reinforcing dimensions of freedom, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today said at the historic Leiden University in the Netherlands urging world leaders to make sure no person is left behind.

The ILO and Chilean employers are working together to raise awareness of the positive impact that people with disabilities can have on enterprises. The head of the United Nations body tasked with promoting women's rights today condemned the intimidation and targeted killings of female Afghan officials and called for bringing the perpetrators to justice. Regards sur ces femmes scientifiques d'hier et d'aujourd'hui The case for extending the same rights to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender LGBT persons as those enjoyed by everyone else is neither radical nor complicated.

It rests on two fundamental principles that underpin international human rights law: equality and non-discrimination. The Social Institutions and Gender Index SIGI shows that countries have made promising progress in tackling discriminatory social institutions in some areas.

Latin America and the Caribbean shows the lowest level of overall discrimination against women in the SIGI rankings. South Asia has improved its position from the lowest ranked region in to the fourth ranked region in The Women's Empowerment Principles offer practical guidance to business and the private sector on how to empower women in the workplace, marketplace and community. Mahasa's husband is still in Blue Nile, fighting alongside the rebels. Building on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the VDPA recognised that the promotion and protection of human rights must be a matter of the highest priority both for States and the international community.

Despite challenging economic times and complex emergencies affecting children in nearly 80 countries, the United Nations Children's Fund UNICEF boosted its innovation last year to create programmes and partnerships to reach those most vulnerable, the agency today said launching its annual report. If recent developments are anything to go by, the campaign to end child marriages is steadily gaining momentum in Zambia. Christine Kaseba, the campaign has received a rising amount of support from key players throughout Zambia.

The Security Council [ This paper outlines Social Platform's position on migration; it includes the human rights concerns of regular and irregular migrants, asylum seekers and beneficiaries of international protection. Each organisation has contributed their expertise and knowledge in their particular field. The issues raised in particular sections reflect the concerns and the expertise of these organisations. The right to freedom of thought, conscience, religion or belief1, more commonly referred to as the right to freedom of religion or belief FoRB is a fundamental right of every human being.

As a universal human right, freedom of religion or belief safeguards respect for diversity. Women's cancers, including breast, cervical and ovarian cancer, lead to hundreds of thousands of premature deaths among women. Investments and programmes to prevent and treat women's cancers such as cervical cancer have improved and led to strong reductions in high income countries. By the end of the next decade food security could deteriorate in some of the world's poorest countries, according to a recent global forecast by the US Department of Agriculture USDA.

Mean Tweeting. To many moms and mentors these terms may seem like a foreign language. To girls, however, these words represent a new concern that they have to deal with daily: digital drama. Girls' self-esteem and confidence can be impacted immensely as they navigate social media and contend with these issues. Gross domestic product GDP is the magical term often used to described the economic growth of a country. Governments, experts and news reports point to it as a measure of progress. In development, a field often dominated by economists, GDP is all but an obligatory part of the discussion when it comes to country level progress.

Pakistan has a total of 37, , registered female voters in the coming general elections, a number of whom face several issues mostly on account of predefined and rigid gender roles. Trafficking in human beings for the purpose of exploitation is a cruel reality that raises the concern of the people who work in the defence of human rights, international agencies and, more recently, of governments.

The causes of the phenomenon of human trafficking are unseen and hidden. Women and girls are the most vulnerable to this state of slavery. This year's report looks at the areas where action is needed most. For example, one in eight people worldwide remain hungry. Too many women die in childbirth when we have the means to save them. More than 2. All over the world, women and girls living behind bars often face particular hardship in terms of protection, privacy and access to basic services, including health care.

Consequences can be felt within their families and communities, well beyond prison walls. Nature has bestowed the beautiful capacity to procreate a life within women and every woman cherishes the experience of motherhood.

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Unfortunately, some women due to certain physiological conditions can not give birth to their own off-spring. The desire for motherhood leads them to search for alternative solutions, and surrogacy presents itself as the most viable alternative. Space-age technology, neoprene the same material used for wet suits and Velcro have gone into an experimental garment health experts hope can treat postpartum haemorrhage, the leading cause of maternal mortality worldwide. NASA has selected another generation of astronauts to travel to new destinations in the solar system, including an asteroid and Mars, and for the first time in its history half of the new candidates are women.

As a harmful traditional practice, child marriage is prohibited by several international and regional conventions. Children with disabilities have the same rights as all children but are some of the most invisible and marginalized people in the world according to a United Nations report released today, which cites recommendations on how to actively include children with disabilities in civic, social and cultural affairs so that both they and their communities benefit.

Gender affects the equal right of men and women to the enjoyment of their human rights. Gender refers to the social differences and relations between men and women which are learned, vary widely among societies and cultures, and change over time. As a project for Strategic Advocacy of Human Rights, we work to bridge the gap between the flourishing academic research on Muslim women's rights and grassroots activism.

The Human Rights Council, [ Lydia and her husband were childhood sweethearts and in August they will have their second baby. It will be a boy, the doctors say, and the happy couple will call him Majd. A beaming Lydia is clearly delighted. In Cameroon, the breast, one of the most conspicuous signs of a woman's femininity, is a target for ritual mutilation.

Breast ironing, a practice that involves flattening a young girl's breasts with highly-heated stones, pestles, spatulas or coconut shells among other objects, is often carried out by an older female relative on a victim. Libyans are in the midst of dramatic change, trying to build a new political system after 42 years of dictatorship. The challenges to build a more rights-respecting state based on the rule of law are significant.

To document progress, barriers, and opportunities in reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health, the journal's research section has been expanded to accommodate six studies; more will be published online. This study addresses the representation of women and girls in media and advertisement campaigns. In particular, the study focuses on ways the social imagery diffused by the media can lead to gender-based discrimination and hinder gender equality.

Many older women live in a relationship. Some of them are based on partnership and mutual respect and appreciation of each other. Other older women live in relationships which have over time become unbearable, some were from the start. Those older women had and have a lot to endure. Doing something about this is often difficult or even unthinkable. Previously she was United Nations high commissioner for human rights. To mark International Women's Day on 8 March, FRA announces that in early , it will launch the main result report from its EU-wide survey on violence against women.

Every year, our State of the World's Mothers report reminds us of the inextricable link between the well-being of mothers and their children. The Millennium Development Goals MDGs have played an important role in placing key issues on the development agenda that might have otherwise been neglected.

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Importantly, the MDGs have resulted in the generation and collection of more targeted data, which have been used to influence national and international development policies and measures. The face of migration is changing dramatically as women and girls now represent about half of the over million migrants worldwide. The current migratory routes are not just from the Global South to the Global North. Migration within the South is also on the rise.

This is clearly unbalanced, and there is a common misperception that because northern countries receive the most asylum claims, that they receive the most refugees, whereas in reality they provide refuge for a small minority. In the global upsurge of world creatives finding their way to the camera, the canvas, the clay pots as a means of not only creating art but of healing themselves and the world, women are creating art as a tool for personal and collective transformation.

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Girls on the Move is the first report of its kind to examine the social and economic drivers of internal migration for adolescent girls in developing countries, and the links between migration, risk, and opportunity. In , the Inter-Parliamentary Union began a collaborative project to examine the gender sensitivity of parliaments around the world. Around the globe, women are less likely than men to have access to technology. This is a gap that exists in developing and developed countries alike. Geena Davis.

This study offers a unique opportunity to rally behind the UNiTE to End Violence against Women Campaign of the United Nations Secretary-General and to remain steadfast to the recommendations of his two global studies on violence against children and violence against women. Skilled midwives, with the equipment and support they need, can spell the difference between life and death for close to , women each year, and ten times that many infants.

The Iranian Nobel Laureate said that the main obstacle for post-revolutionary Arab women is a "patriarchal culture" that imposes a false interpretation on Islam. Diverse Human Rights agreements and declarations affirm the rights and freedoms of all individuals, including rights to freedom of expression and freedom of religion.

However, they also affirm the right to a life free of violence, and the duty of States, notwithstanding diverse cultures, religions and traditions, to fulfill their obligations. This report by Plan and ODI examines the continuing and deepening impact of the economic crisis on girls and young women worldwide. Long standing economic trends, entrenched gender inequality and austerity budgets have all left girls and their families bearing the brunt of fewer resources and reduced access to services. While infanticide or sex selective abortion in rural areas of the world may seem to have little to do with a famous musician who is a domestic abuser from the first world who avoids criminal punishment while being applauded and glamourized, the message going out to girls is consistent: they are not valued in the same way that boys are.

A campaign against changes to the law on loss of earnings during pregnancy could coalesce into a broad movement fighting for the rights of women in Kazakstan, activists say. The campaign was triggered by a February 17 change to the law covering compensation for loss of earnings during pregnancy and maternity leave.

Humanitarian and development actors should develop a method to hold politicians to account for aid pledges, UK Minister of State for International Development Alan Duncan said. Only one quarter of northern Somali girls under the age of 15 have suffered female genital mutilation FGM , new data from Unicef shows - demonstrating a significant reduction in the country's FGM occurrence rates, which was previously seen practised almost universally.

A changing climate will inevitably have an impact on gender relations in rural communities, but not enough is being done to boost the resilience of women - already disadvantaged by traditional inequalities. Urbanization is often associated with greater independence for women. This is the result of better opportunities than in rural areas to engage in paid employment outside the family, better access to services, lower fertility rates, and some relaxation of the rigid social values and norms that define women as subordinated to their husbands and fathers and to men generally.

This report aims to support policy makers and all relevant institutions by providing them with reliable and comparable data for evidence-based actions and policy improvement in the area of FGM. According to Transparency International Kenya, inadequate complaints handling mechanisms currently exist in institutions in Kenya and East Africa.

Institutions are not responsive to complaints and this is reflected by the latest East African Bribery Index Report, which shows that only 5. This paper is addressed to monitoring bodies responsible for the external scrutiny of places of deprivation of liberty. It outlines the risks faced by women deprived of their liberty of being subjected to torture and ill-treatment and measures that can be taken to reduce such risks.

Concerned over the stand-off in the implementation of the different political and socio- economic agreements that were signed between the two countries, a coalition of women leaders in Sudan and South Sudan has decided to come together to promote peace for the benefit of the citizens of the two neighboring states. In a time of transition and turmoil, young people can help the world by being global citizens, according to UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.

This report examines the conditions of women's engagement in the labour market, by estimating and analysing five key gaps, or gender differentials, between women and men which disadvantage women: in unemployment, in employment, in labour force participation, in vulnerability, and in sectoral and occupational segregation. Celebrations are in order on the poorest continent. Never in the half-century since it won independence from the colonial powers has Africa been in such good shape.

Its economy is flourishing. Most countries are at peace. Ever fewer children bear arms and record numbers go to school. Women around the world spend a great deal of time on unpaid care work every day, but such work often remains invisible. This Global Food Policy Report is the second in an annual series that provides an in-depth look at major food policy developments and events. Initiated in response to resurgent interest in food security, the series offers a yearly overview of the food policy developments that have contributed to or hindered progress in food and nutrition security.

The 22nd annual 16 Days of Activism Against Gender Violence campaign was the biggest in its history, with thousands of activists worldwide participating to promote an end to gender-based violence. With the support of the United Nations and partners, an all-female team will climb Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania to highlight the importance of women's rights and in particular, education for girls. Two United Nations experts urged the United States House of Representatives to approve a revised bill which strengthens the legal options for female victims of violence and sexual abuse, and extends protections to indigenous, immigrant and gay victims.

Female genital mutilation FGM includes procedures that intentionally alter or cause injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. This harmful traditional practice is most common in the western, eastern, and north-eastern regions of Africa; in some countries in Asia and the Middle East; and among migrant and refugee communities from these areas in Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the United States of America.

Today, there is renewed interest in the informal economy worldwide. This is because a large share of the global workforce and economy is informal and because the informal economy is growing in many contexts and appearing in new places and guises. Imagine a country where girls must sneak out to go to school, with deadly consequences if they get caught learning.

This was Afghanistan under the Taliban, and traces of that danger remain today. Top United Nations officials urged world leaders to promote tolerance and respect, adding that these principles can contribute to resolving conflicts, such as those in Syria and Mali, as well as addressing a host of other global challenges. The first-ever appointment of a woman as UN Special Envoy marks an historic first for the United Nations and a major milestone in the progress of women's rights and gender equality. The workshop brought together thirty-six gender training experts from around the world to share and discuss good practices and lessons learned in delivering gender training to defence, police and other security audiences.

Thanks to the efforts made by feminist groups and other activists from around the world, women's rights have been recognized as human rights. However, these rights and judicial principles enshrined in national, regional and international instruments have yet to completely penetrate our legal culture.

The study sets out 83 indicators for the inclusion of the gender perspective in the evaluation of the Europe Strategy during the European Semester process. The indicators encompass the five EU headline targets and will introduce a gender perspective into the indicators dashboard of the European Semester. The present study highlights the critical role legal empowerment strategies can play in changing and challenging oppressive gender relations that are justified under the name of culture.

The BPfA is an agenda for women's empowerment. It reaffirms the fundamental principle whereby the human rights of women and the girl child are an inalienable, integral and indivisible part of universal human rights. Just over a year ago the US military officially withdrew from Iraq, ending a nine-year occupation. But it has not meant peace for Iraqis. The decade of sanctions, followed by war and occupation devastated the country's socio-economic fabric.

Indigenous women have and continue to play key leadership roles in their communities as well as in international spaces. The study found that women with disabilities and women without disabilities faced similar levels of sexual, physical and emotional violence by partners. However, the picture that emerged in terms of family violence excluding partners was starkly different. The report begins with a brief overview of the rationale for expanding and improving the use of ICTs in education. It stresses that participation in the global economy is increasingly dependent on the 21st-century skill of navigating the digital world.

This report presents the results of a study commissioned by UN Women to the Institute of Development Studies on the integration of women in post-conflict economic recovery processes. As we approach the deadline for the Millennium Development Goals MDGs , attention is being given to a successor framework. UN Women joined women and men, boys and girls around the world in a call to action for zero tolerance for female genital mutilation FGM.

The adoption of the landmark resolution banning female genital mutilation by the UN General Assembly this past December is a step in the right direction. From full literacy declared in the seventies, Iraq is down to 40 percent literacy for women. From the first woman prime minister and the first woman judge in the Middle East in , Iraq has slipped to a place where an abnormal number of widows struggle, and where child marriages are on the rise. Hanaa Edwar is putting up a fight to win Iraqi women their freedoms again. This publication contains 81 profiles of rural women and young women in Fiji, the experiences of women in local government as well as experiences of women in post conflict democratization processes in the Solomon Islands and Bougainville, bringing together a series of narratives of women who continue to demonstrate the capacity for leadership.

Provide a free personal video, audio and image reference library and guide to better health practices, on a microSD card, directly to health workers, families and communities, especially those who live in villages and slums, to use in their mobile phones, when they need it, where they are, and as they are. The number and complexity of hazards and disasters are increasing rapidly; and there is ample evidence that women and girls are often more vulnerable to disasters than men and boys. Women and children play a major role in poverty alleviation and are expected to feature prominently in any future development goals, it emerged during debates in Liberia this week.

Attaining primary and secondary school education for girls in Liberia remains a major challenge. The right of women to participate in political life is guaranteed by several international conventions. But transforming an abstract right into a reality requires hard work on the ground. Child deaths fell from nearly 12 million in to an estimated 6.

Obstetric fistula is a hole in the birth canal caused by prolonged labour without prompt medical intervention, usually a Caesarean section. The woman is left with chronic incontinence and in most cases a stillborn baby. All of Coumba Toure's work is aimed at keeping African values alive.

As part of this, she is deeply involved in a women-led movement to keep the gift economy thriving. West African gifting is based on the interrelated values that all humanity is linked and that one's well-being is only as strong as that of one's neighbor. Data and metadata for all the indicators are easily and freely accessible and displayed through interactive visualizations. More than 50 million people worldwide, mostly women, are employed as domestic workers, according to the latest figures from the International Labour Organization ILO.

But ILO says despite their numbers, domestic workers are among the least protected of employees. Women and girls run the risk of being left behind in scientific and technological fields if countries do not put measures in place to address discrimination and change traditional attitudes, the United Nations said, warning that this gap constitutes an obstacle to nations' progress. Is climate change causing more disasters?

Why are some people affected by disasters more than others? And what can we do to reduce the impact of disasters? Answering these questions requires us to understand what climate change is and how it interacts with people's lives. The videos lift up hopeful voices of Palestinians and Israelis during this time of dynamic confrontation.

Menstrual hygiene issues should be integrated into programmes and policies across sectors, including water, sanitation and hygiene, reproductive health, emergency management, and education, notes a new report. Providing protection for the world's millions of domestic workers has taken a major step forward. In April , Uruguay became the first country to ratify ILO Convention , the landmark treaty guaranteeing domestic workers get the same core labour protections as other workers.

United Nations Member States have approved the first-ever draft resolution aimed at ending the harmful practice of female genital mutilation, in a move hailed by Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon as a major step forward in protecting millions of women and girls. This report analyses the economic and budgetary impact of an ageing population over the long-term.

Marking Universal Children's Day today, the United Nations children's agency released a study forecasting just a four per cent increase in the global population of children by , but adding that child population-growth will shift significantly to countries in the South. Verbal abuse, physical attacks and murders motivated by prejudice target EU society in all its diversity, from visible minorities to those with disabilities.

Equal access and participation of women and girls in decision-making processes at all levels is not a reality in today's Europe. Gender equality is not accomplished. Mentoring proved to be a tool for fostering empowerment of young women. The publication of this report more than 18 months after the conference sessions is a great opportunity for us all to reflect on the progress made against the challenges and aims expressed, especially in the summing up.

Rural cooperatives and farmers' organizations play a crucial role in the eradication of hunger and poverty. One of the ways they achieve this is through their vocation to empower small agricultural producers, and in particular women farmers. The use of a human-rights-based approach to the analysis and interpretation of age-related issues has marked a paradigm shift with regard to a stage of life that has traditionally been associated with a wide range of unmet needs, and the United Nations has made an extremely valuable contribution to this change. In , Europeans will elect a new European Parliament.

Will there be gender balance among the MEPs? Will the President of the European Parliament be a woman after 13 years with male presidents? We will also see a new European Commission led by its President. Will the President be a woman for the first time? Following the joint conference of the European Parliament and of national parliaments on gender equality issues which took place the 3 October and in preparation for the European elections, the Directorate-General for Communication the Public Opinion Monitoring Unit has carried out a desk research on gender equality issues.

Women comprise less than a third of the computer science, engineering and physics fields in some of the world's key emerging economies, according to a report. She was reportedly in her second trimester of pregnancy. Her family had allegedly forced her to abort the foetus when they learnt it was a girl child. Yet million women in developing countries are unable to exercise the human right to voluntary family planning. The report provides an overview of the activities of the Special Rapporteur and discusses the issue of violence against women with disabilities. Men need to be involved in reflective, in-depth discussions and comprehensive campaigns focused on ending violence against women.

The Gambia's first woman village chief is not only changing perceptions of what a chief looks like, but also of what they do. Fatou Danso, who is also a farmer, has redistributed land that previously was farmed solely by men so that women can grow crops to support their families. The evidence is clear: Family planning improves health, reduces poverty, and empowers women. Yet, today, more than million women in the developing world want to avoid pregnancy but are not using a modern method of contraception.

The elimination of sexual violence in conflict is not impossible, a United Nations senior official said today, stressing that to fully eradicate this scourge there needs to be a stronger political will from governments as well as adequate legal frameworks in place to prosecute perpetrators.

African member states of the United Nations have submitted a draft resolution on ending female genital mutilation FGM to the U. General Assembly, in what campaigners have hailed as a landmark step to end a practice that has been inflicted on up to million women and girls. The EWL welcomes the European Commission's proposal to address the issue of personal and household services, a sector where employment is predominantly female. Ce n'est pas toujours ce qui arrive, si bien que les lois ne sont pas automatiquement l'expression de la morale. Ce n'est pas la loi qu'il faut changer, ce sont les moeurs RB, p.

En tout cas pas au point de mettre en cause les principes moraux fondamentaux. Au contraire la nature des lois de la religion est de ne varier jamais. Le principe intangible auquel la loi sur l'avortement doit se conformer est celui du respect de la vie. Les interventions reviennent avec insistance sur ce. La loi doit punir la faute. RB, p. Pour le premier, il ne devrait jamais y avoir de sanction contre la femme. Si la loi ne devait pas changer, une femme qui, selon les nouvelles.

La critique du projet gouvernemental. Le refus. Les associations des familles catholiques seront plus brutales. Le projet de loi retenait le cas du risque de malformation grave comme l'une des quelques indications possibles. Pour une politique sociale et familiale. C'est encore vrai quand il s'agit d'enrayer l'avortement clandestin. Les positions protestantes. L'exigence morale. Cette morale des conflits se veut le moyen terme entre une morale de principes et une morale de situations.

La morale de principes part de lois objectives, universelles, immuables. Elle est l'imperturbable rappel des valeurs essentielles. Elle devient alors une loi seulement capable de culpabiliser. La morale des conflits veut se situer entre ces deux figures antagonistes. L'accueil de l'enfant. L'avortement comme ultime recours. Les interventions officielles de la F.

Elle est un projet. L'avortement est une action curative qui se vit sous l'urgence du temps. Elle est un regret. Le texte est celui du document du Bureau du Conseil de la F. Il est repris tel quel dans l'intervention de Roger Mehl devant les parlementaires RB, p. Situation dramatique. Elle suscite une attitude interventionniste. Elle sait aussi mieux pourquoi l'interrompre. Ce n'est pas parce qu'une chose est facile qu'elle ne fait pas moralement question. Agir sur les causes de l'avortement ne suffit pas.