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This program provides an opportunity for some individuals who would otherwise be medically unqualified to obtain a CDL to apply for and maintain an interstate CDL. CDL Exemptions There are certain motor vehicles that are classified as commercial motor vehicles that do not require the driver to hold a CDL. Drivers of these vehicles are required to hold a Class A or B non-commercial driver license based upon the gross vehicle weight rating or gross combination weight rating of the vehicle. Programs regulated by the TWC are required to meet strict compliance guidelines that promote quality services including setting qualification standards for instructors and course material.

CDL Combination Vehicles Practice Test -

In order to ensure prospective students are provided the best training available, TWC has a searchable website that will help in identifying the best training program available in their area. If you have a complaint against a commercial driving instructor or company, please submit the complaint to TWC. How do I apply for a Commercial Driver License?

There are three basic classes of CDLs: Class A — Permits the holder to operate any combination of vehicles with a gross combination weight rating of 26, pounds or more, provided the gross vehicle weight rating GVWR of the vehicle or vehicles towed exceeds 10, pounds. If the skills test is taken in a bus with a GVWR of less than 26, pounds, the holder will be restricted to operating busses under 26, pounds GVWR. Class C — Permits the holder to operate any single vehicle or combination of vehicles that is not a Class A or B if the vehicle is designed to transport 16 to 23 passengers including the driver, or used in the transportation of hazardous materials that require the vehicle to be placarded under 49 CFR, Part , Subpart F.

Passenger P endorsement — This endorsement allows you to operate a vehicle that carries a specific number of passengers. Tank Vehicle N endorsement — This endorsement allows you to operate a tank vehicle. These vehicles are designed to safely transport liquid or liquefied gaseous materials. Hazardous Materials H — This endorsement allows you to transport hazardous materials, such as flammable or combustible liquids, gases or explosives. You will be required to complete a comprehensive state and federal background check.

For additional information visit our Hazardous Materials Endorsement webpage. School Bus S — This endorsement allows you to operate a school bus. Combination of N and H X — This combination endorsement allows you to transport hazardous materials in a tank vehicle. Endorsement Require a knowledge test? Require a driving test? Must be issued a CLP? Interstate Commerce Is trade, traffic or transportation: Within the U.

Intrastate Commerce Is the transportation of property a commodity where: The point of origin and destination are within one state and the state line, or An international boundary is not crossed To be able to operate in Intrastate Commerce, you must be able to certify that you meet the requirements in only one of the Sections on the Intrastate Driver Certification form CDL You will need to provide proof of the following to apply for a commercial learner permit: U.

Citizenship or, if you are not a U. Registration must be current. Visit Texas DMV vehicle registration for more information. This form is also available at all driver license offices Visit your local driver license office. You may be able to get in-line before arriving. Locate the office nearest you. Provide your thumbprint.

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Have your picture taken. Pass Vision Exam. Pass the knowledge tests for the appropriate driver license including any endorsements you will be adding. Complete the CDL application before arriving at your local office. You are required to comply with federal driver hours of service regulations when you are involved in INTERstate commerce. You are considered to be involved in interstate commerce when the cargo you transport:.

A driver's record of duty status must be used to record all of the driver's hours. A driver's record of duty status, in duplicate, must be kept by each driver and each co-driver while driving, on duty but not driving, or resting in a sleeper berth. The record of duty status must be presented for inspection immediately upon request by any authorized CHP employee, any regularly employed and salaried police officer, or deputy sheriff.

There may be instances when you do not need to maintain a record of duty status. The report forms are available at www. You or your authorized representative must submit the report within 10 days of the accident, whether you caused the accident or not, and even if the accident occurred on private property.

If you do not report the accident to DMV, your driving privilege will be suspended. Note: CDL holders may downgrade to a noncommercial DL during any mandatory suspension period to be eligible to obtain a restricted license. All tests and fees will be required to upgrade when eligible. However, your employer may require you to notify him or her immediately. Motor Carriers of Property. Most CMVs transporting property are under the regulation of DMV, whose liability and property damage requirements are listed below. Note: Not all coverage requirements are listed in this section.

For questions related to liability insurance for motor carriers, call the DMV Motor Carrier at Motor carriers must maintain evidence of insurance on file during the active life of the permit. To avoid MCP suspension, contact your insurance provider to submit valid liability coverage. Drivers must show evidence of financial responsibility prior to the operation of the vehicle. Evidence is met if the vehicle displays exempt plates or is owned, leased by, or under the direction of, the U. These federally mandated programs provide for the equitable collection and distribution of vehicle license fees and motor fuel taxes for vehicles traveling throughout the 48 contiguous U.

Under the IRP, jurisdictions must register apportioned vehicles which includes issuing license plates and cab cards or proper credentials, calculating, collecting and distributing IRP fees, auditing carriers for accuracy of reported distance and fees, and enforcing IRP requirements. Registrant responsibilities under the plan include applying for IRP registration with base jurisdiction, providing proper documentation for registration, paying appropriate IRP registration fees, properly displaying registration credentials, maintaining accurate distance records, and making records available for jurisdiction review.

The basic concept behind IFTA is to allow a licensee motor carrier to license in a base jurisdiction for the reporting and payment of motor fuel use taxes. The motor fuel use taxes collected pursuant to the IFTA are calculated based on the number of miles kilometers traveled and the number of gallons liters consumed in the member jurisdictions. The licensee files one quarterly tax return with the base jurisdiction by which the licensee will report all operations through IFTA member jurisdictions. It is the base jurisdiction's responsibility to remit the taxes collected to other member jurisdictions and represent the other member jurisdictions in the tax collection process, including the performance of audits.

Apportionable vehicle means any power unit that is used, or intended for use, in two or more member jurisdictions for the transportation of persons for hire, or designed, used, or maintained primarily for the transportation of property, and at least one of the following:. While similar, the "qualified motor vehicle" in IFTA means a motor vehicle used, designed, or maintained for transportation of persons or property and at least one of the following:. If the vehicle you operate is registered under IRP and you are motor carrier licensed under IFTA, then you are required to comply with the mandatory record keeping requirements for operating the vehicle.

This document reflects the distance traveled and fuel purchased for a vehicle that operates interstate under apportioned IRP registration and IFTA fuel tax credentials. Although the actual format of the IVDR may vary, the information that is required for proper record keeping does not. In order to satisfy the requirements for IVDRs, these documents must include the following information:. An individual IVDR is filled out for each vehicle.

The rules to follow when trying to determine how and when to log an odometer reading are the following:. Not only do the trips need to be logged, but the fuel purchases need to be documented as well. You must obtain a receipt for all fueling and include it with your completed IVDR.

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There are different routes that a driver may take, and most of the miles may be within one state or province. Whether or not the distance you travel is primarily in one jurisdiction or spread among several jurisdictions, all information for the trip must be recorded. This includes the dates, the routes, odometer readings, and fuel purchases.

By completing the IVDR in full and keeping all records required by both the IRP and IFTA, you will ensure that you and your company are in compliance with all state and provincial laws surrounding fuel and distance record keeping requirements. The IVDR serves as the source document for the calculation of fees and taxes that are payable to the jurisdictions in which the vehicle is operated, so these original records must be maintained for a minimum of 4 years. In addition, these records are subject to audit by the taxing jurisdictions.

Failure to maintain complete and accurate records could result in fines, penalties, and suspension or revocation of IRP registrations and IFTA licenses. Additional information can be found on the IRP, Inc. There is a record keeping video on the website home page available in English, Spanish, and French. Error: Javascript is disabled in this browser. This page requires Javascript. Modify your browser's settings to allow Javascript to execute. See your browser's documentation for specific instructions. This Section Covers 1.

Any single vehicle with a GVWR less than 26, pounds which is designed, used, or maintained to transport more than 10 passengers including the driver. A combination vehicle with a gross combination weight rating GCWR of 26, or more pounds, provided the GVWR of the vehicle s being towed is in excess of 10, pounds. Any vehicle that tows any vehicle with a GVWR of 10, pounds or more. Any vehicle that tows more than 1 vehicle or a trailer bus. Federal regulations through the Department of Homeland Security require a background check and fingerprinting for the hazardous materials endorsement.

May drive for hire within California if you are18 years of age or older and do not engage in interstate commerce activities. Signing this form means you agree to submit to a chemical test to determine the alcohol or drug content of your blood.

CDL Permit: DOUBLES/TRIPLES Endorsement

This document is a certified copy of the original the original is always retained by the issuing authority and will contain an impressed seal or an original stamped impression. The certified copy will be returned to you. For more information concerning these new requirements, visit dmv. The document must contain your name and social security number SSN.

Both you and your employer sign this form. The Applicable Fee. This fee is good for 12 months from the application date. The CLP is good for a maximum of days and you may renew for an additional days without retaking the knowledge tests, provided the expiration date of the CLP does not exceed a period of 1-year from the application date. Scores for passed segments of the skills test are only valid during the initial issuance first days of the CLP. Passed segments of the skills test vehicle inspection, basic control skills, and road test must be retaken if the CLP is renewed.

You are allowed 3 attempts to pass the knowledge test s and a total of 3 attempts to pass the entire skills test on a single application. If you fail any segment of the skills tests vehicle inspection, basic control skills, or road test , it will count as 1 failure towards the maximum 3 attempts you are allowed.

Example: Failing the vehicle inspection, basic control skills, and road test counts as a 3-time failure or any failure combination equaling 3. However, if you are required to take the skills test for separate types of vehicles Class A or passenger transport vehicle , you are allowed 3 skills test attempts for the Class A vehicle and 3 skills test attempts for the passenger transport vehicle.

If you fail the basic skills test or the road test, there will be a retest fee charged upon your return to take the subsequent test. Fees subject to legislative change each January 1. The CLP: Applicant must be at least 18 years of age. A temporary California DL is acceptable. Will be valid for a maximum of days from the date of issuance and may be renewed for up to an additional days, provided the CLP expiration date does not exceed a period of 1-year from the initial application date. The tank must be purged if it previously contained a hazardous material.

Holder must wait a minimum of 14 days after initial CLP issuance to be eligible to take the skills test. Disclose all states in which they were previously licensed during the past 10 years and surrender all out-of-state DLs current or expired , if any. Certify that they do not have a DL from more than 1 state or country. Notify their home state DMV of any conviction which occurred in other states within 30 days of the conviction. Notify their employer of any revocation, suspension, cancellation, or disqualification before the end of the business day following the action.

Give their employer a year employment history of commercial driving, if applying for a job as a driver. Endorsements A special endorsement is also required to drive the following types of vehicles. Placarded or marked vehicles transporting hazardous materials or wastes— H. Tank vehicles including a cement truck — N. Passenger transport vehicles— P. School bus— S. Tank vehicles transporting hazardous materials or wastes— X.

Persons operating a vehicle in an emergency situation at the direction of a peace officer. Drivers who tow a fifth-wheel travel trailer over 15, pounds GVWR or a trailer coach over 10, pounds GVWR, when the towing is not for compensation. Drivers must have a noncommercial Class A license. Drivers of housecars over 40 feet but not over 45 feet, with endorsement.

Non-civilian military personnel operating military vehicles. Implement of husbandry operators who are not required to have a DL. Vanpools Special Certificates Special certificates may sometimes be required in addition to a CDL, depending on the type of vehicle or load you carry. Person is employed in an agricultural operation. Load is not being transported for compensation.

Vehicle is owned or leased by a farmer. Although the person who qualifies for a HAM is not required to have a CDL, commercial motor vehicle penalties and sanctions will apply. Person operates a vehicle which is an implement of husbandry or requires a Class C license and does not exceed 50 miles from one point to another. Pupils at or below the 12th grade level to or from a public or private school or school activity. Vehicles used in the exclusive transportation of disabled persons. General You may not drive a CMV if you are disqualified for any reason.

Driving a CMV under the influence of alcohol. Refusing to undergo blood alcohol testing. Driving a CMV while under the influence of a controlled substance. Leaving the scene of an accident involving a CMV. Committing a felony involving the use of a CMV. Causing a fatality through negligent operation of a CMV. You will lose your CDL for life for a second offense. The CDL knowledge tests include: The general knowledge test , taken by all applicants.

Section 1: Introduction

The passenger transport test , taken by all bus driver applicants. The air brakes test , which you must take if your vehicle has air brakes, including air over hydraulic brakes. The combination vehicles test , required if you want to drive combination vehicles. In order to obtain this endorsement, you are also required to pass a Transportation Security Administration TSA background check.

The tank vehicle test , required if you want to haul any liquid or gaseous materials in a tank or tanks having an individual rated capacity of more than gallons and an aggregate rated capacity of 1, gallons or more that is either permanently or temporarily attached to the vehicle or chassis. Triple trailers are not legal in California. The school bus test , required if you want to drive a school bus.

The firefighter endorsement test , required to operate firefighting equipment. Not required but optional for commercial Class A or B license holders. Use of Testing Aids are Prohibited The use of testing aids is strictly prohibited during the knowledge test. A road test is required : For an original CDL. To remove a restriction placed on your license because of vehicle size or equipment.

To add a "P" or "S" endorsement.

The 3 Types of CDLs

To renew a CDL expired for more than 2 years. Troops to Trucks The Troops to Trucks program allows DMV to waive the CDL skills test for qualified military service members who are, or were employed within the last year, in a military position requiring the operation of a military motor vehicle equivalent to a CMV on public roads and highways.

The following information will help you decide how to self-certify: 1. Interstate commerce is when you drive a CMV: From one state to another state or foreign country; Between two places within a state, but during part of the trip, the CMV crosses into another state or foreign country; or Between two places within a state, but the cargo or passengers are part of a trip that began or will end in another state or foreign country.

The actual statements on your application vary from those shown below: Interstate Nonexcepted : I certify that I operate or expect to operate in interstate commerce, that I am subject to and meet the Federal DOT medical card requirements under CFR, Title 49, Part , and that I am required to obtain a medical examiner's certificate. Interstate Excepted : California does not issue a commercial driver license that is excepted from driver qualification requirements.

Intrastate Nonexcepted : I certify that I operate or expect to operate entirely in intrastate commerce, that I am subject to and meet the medical requirements for my state, and that I am required to obtain a medical examiner's certificate. Intrastate Excepted : California does not issue a commercial driver license that is excepted from driver qualification requirements.

At least days for 3 or more serious traffic violations within a 3-year period involving a CMV. At least 1 year for 2 violations of an out-of-service order in a year period. At least 3 years for 3 or more violations of an out-of-service order in a year period. At least days for your second violation within a 3-year period. At least 1 year for your third violation within a 3-year period. These violations include violation of a federal, state, or local law or regulation pertaining to one of the following 6 offenses at a railroad-highway grade crossing for: Drivers who are not required to always stop, failing to stop before reaching the crossing if the tracks are not clear.

Drivers who are not required to always stop, failing to slow down and check that the tracks are clear of an approaching train. Drivers who are always required to stop, failing to stop before driving onto the crossing. All drivers, failing to have sufficient space to drive completely through the crossing without stopping. All drivers, failing to obey a traffic control device or the directions of an enforcement official at the crossing. All drivers, failing to negotiate a crossing because of insufficient undercarriage clearance.

You will be denied or will lose your hazardous materials endorsement if you: Are not a lawful permanent resident of the U. Renounce your U. Are wanted or under indictment for certain felonies. Have a conviction in military or civilian court for certain felonies. Have been adjudicated as a mental defective or committed to a mental institution. Are considered to pose a security threat as determined by the TSA.

For more information, go online at universalenroll. If your privilege to operate your personal vehicle is revoked, cancelled, or suspended due to violations of traffic control laws other than parking violations , you will also lose your CDL driving privileges. If your privilege to operate your personal vehicle is revoked, cancelled, or suspended due to alcohol, controlled substance, or felony violations, you will lose your CDL for 1 year.

If your license to operate your personal vehicle is revoked, cancelled, or suspended, you may not obtain a "hardship" license to operate a CMV. Out-of-service violations and disqualification actions, 15 years. Accidents, serious violations, and disqualification actions, 10 years. Railroad grade crossings and disqualification actions, 4 years. Minor convictions, 3 years. You will lose your privilege to drive if you are considered a negligent operator of a CMV when your driving record shows the following point counts: 4 points in 12 months 6 points in 24 months 8 points in 36 months You may be entitled to a higher point count 6, 8, or 10 points if you request and appear for a hearing and if 4, 6, or 8 points were not obtained in a Class C vehicle.

For at least days for your third and subsequent violations of the cell phone hands free or texting law, within a 3-year period, and receive 1 point on your driving record. Disclose all states in which you were previously licensed during the past 10 years and surrender all out-of-state DLs current or expired , if any. You cannot have more than 1 DL. You must notify your employer within 30 days of a conviction for any traffic violations except parking. This is true no matter what type of vehicle you were driving.

You must notify your motor vehicle licensing agency within 30 days if you are convicted in any other jurisdiction of any traffic violation except parking. You must notify your employer within 2 business days if your license is suspended, revoked, or cancelled, or if you are disqualified from driving.

You must give your employer information on all driving jobs you have held for the past 10 years. You must do this when you apply for a commercial driving job. All states are connected to one computerized system to share information about CDL drivers. The states will check on drivers' history records to be sure that drivers do not have more than one CDL. You are not allowed to hold a mobile telephone to conduct a voice communication or dial a mobile telephone by pressing more than a single button when driving.

You are not allowed to send or read text messages while driving.

Find a Truck Driving Job

You must be properly restrained by a safety belt at all times while operating a CMV. The safety belt design holds the driver securely behind the wheel during an accident, helps the driver control the vehicle, and reduces the chance of serious injury or death. If you do not wear a safety belt, you are 4 times more likely to be fatally injured if you are thrown from the vehicle. State Air Emissions Rules All commercial diesel vehicles and equipment that operate in California, even those based out of state or out of country are subject to the emission requirements as specified by the Air Resources Board ARB.

Some key regulations are as follows: Truck and Bus Regulation. All diesel trucks and buses that operate in California must be upgraded with a diesel particulate filter DPF to reduce exhaust emissions beginning January 1, Lighter and older heavier diesel trucks must be replaced with model year engines or equivalent starting January 1, By January 1, , nearly all trucks and buses will need to have model year engines or equivalent.

The regulation does provide a variety of flexibility options tailored to fleets operating low use vehicles and fleets operating in selected locations like agricultural and construction. A properly affixed label and legible manufacturer emission control label is required as proof that the engine meets emission standards. Commercial Idling. A commercial vehicle or school bus may not idle for any time if at a school. All 53 feet or longer box trailers must be SmartWay certified or aerodynamically retrofitted to meet minimum standards of operation.

Transit Bus. Additionally, only compliant TRUs and gen sets may operate in California. Port Truck Drayage. Note: For more information on each regulation above, visit www. An articulated bus or trolley coach cannot exceed a length of 60 feet. Length Exceptions Some length exceptions are listed below: If the load consists only of poles, timbers, pipes, integral structural materials, or single unit component parts, including: missile components, aircraft assemblies, drilling equipment, and tanks not exceeding 80 feet in length; provided they are being transported on one of the following: — Pole or pipe dolly or other legal trailer used as a pole or pipe dolly pulled by a motor vehicle.

Public utilities. The load on any vehicle or combination of vehicles must not extend more than 3 feet beyond the foremost part of the front bumper or tires. A load composed solely of vehicles may extend 4 feet ahead of front tires or the front bumper. On a semitrailer, the wheelbase extends from the center of the last axle of the towing vehicle to the center of the last axle on the semitrailer.

Variances for Farm Equipment Implements of husbandry farm equipment are generally exempted from width and length limitations if they are being operated, transported, or towed over a highway incidental to normal farming operations. Exceptions: Double deck buses may not exceed 14 feet 3 inches. Farming equipment moved incidentally over a highway.

Weight Limits—General CalTrans has authority to post signs at bridges and along state highways stating the maximum weight they will sustain. Axle Weight Limits The gross weight which can be carried by the wheels of any 1 axle must not exceed 20, pounds 20, pounds for buses. The gross weight on any 1 wheel, or wheels, supporting one end of an axle and resting on a roadway must not exceed 9, pounds.

Exceptions: — the gross weight placed on a highway by the wheels on any front steering axle of a motor vehicle must not exceed 12, pounds. Penalties for Weight Restriction Violations A driver who changes from the permitted route for an extralegal load, without a peace officer's authorization to do so, is guilty of a misdemeanor. Permits for oversized vehicles may be obtained from: CalTrans—for state highways. The city or county—for city or county highways. Motor truck with 2 or more axles weighing more than 10, pounds GVWR. Other motor vehicle used to transport property for hire.

Vehicle pulling any other vehicle. A school bus transporting any pupil. A farm labor vehicle transporting passengers. Any vehicle transporting explosives. A trailer bus. Complementary Content. Fontana Commercial Driving Test Center. For latest commercial driver licensing offices, go to www.