The family returned to Ghana when Anthony was very young; thus, he grew up speaking Asante a form of Twi , as well as English. Appiah is married to New Yorker editorial director, Henry Finder.
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At Cambridge, Appiah wrote his dissertation on the philosophy of language under the supervision of Hugh Mellor. His first two books were devoted to this field, as well see below. It was his first foray into the territory of African history and cultural identity, but it already staked out the characteristic themes and basic philosophical stance that he would return to in numerous future works. In addition to the odd academic books he has authored, co-authored, or edited, Appiah is the author or co-author of hundreds of journal, magazine, and newspaper articles and book chapters, both academic and aimed at a popular audience.
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The recipient of honorary degrees and other awards far too numerous to mention, Appiah has also lectured very widely around the world, and has published three novels and a volume of poetry. Berry was born in Nashville, Tennessee, in She is currently the Geraldine R. As time has gone by, her scholarly interests have broadened out in several respects.
First, she has written about more recent events, in some of which, such as the US Civil Rights Commission, she has had first-hand experience of history-in-the-making. Second, she has written for a broader audience beyond the confines of Academia. And third, she has devoted increasing attention to issues relating to gender equality, in addition to racial equality. During the late s, Berry took a leave of absence from the University of Colorado Boulder to serve in government as Assistant Secretary for Education in the then—Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. After returning to academic life in , she was appointed by the outgoing President Carter to serve on the US Commission on Civil Rights, a post she held until Besides her work for the US government, Berry has also participated in international campaigns for human rights and social justice.
For example, in she co-founded the Free South Africa Movement, which eventually led to her being arrested during demonstrations aimed at exerting pressure on the US government to apply sanctions on South Africa, with the goal of freeing Nelson Mandela and ending apartheid. Berry has received more than 30 honorary degrees, as well as numerous other honors and awards.
At Home in Diaspora: Black International Writing
Carter was born in Washington, DC, in After law school, he first clerked for Judge Spottswood W. His areas of expertise include contracts, evidence, intellectual property, professional ethics, ethics in literature, law and the ethics of war, and law and religion. In additional to numerous scholarly articles published in the Harvard Law Review , the Yale Law and Policy Review , and elsewhere, Carter has become known far beyond the confines of the academic world through his writings for a popular audience.
Beginning with a memoir and meditation on the role that affirmative action played in his own life, Reflections of an Affirmative Action Baby , published in , he has gone on to publish seven other non-fiction works. In addition to his non-fiction books, Carter is the author of seven novels. He has also published many essays on matters of public policy aimed at a popular audience, including a regular feature column that he wrote for many years for Christianity Today. He is currently a regular columnist for Bloomberg. Carter is the recipient of eight honorary degrees, and in he delivered the commencement address at his alma mater , Stanford University.
Coates was born in Baltimore, Maryland, in After graduating from high school, the younger Coates attended Howard University for several years, but left before taking a degree in order to pursue a career in journalism.
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From to , he was appointed Martin Luther King, Jr. After several years of working as a reporter for the Washington City Paper , and following brief stints with the Philadelphia Weekly , the Village Voice , and Time , in Coates joined the Atlantic , eventually rising to the post of Senior Editor there, and writing his own regular column on their blog.
He also would become a frequent contributor of op-eds and longer essays to the New York Times , the Washington Post , the Washington Monthly , and many other prestigious mainstream media outlets. However, the single piece of writing for which he is best known is undoubtedly his memoir, Between the World and Me see below. In this best-selling and highly praised book, Coates describes growing up in Baltimore in the shadow of the Black Power movement of the s, and reflects with incisiveness and elegance on the manifold ways in which life for African Americans has and has not changed since those fraught times.
In addition to the three books of literary non-fiction listed below, Coates has also published several comic books and video game texts. Not least, he represents a younger generation, which inevitably sees things differently from the way its elders did. But above all, he writes with a fierceness and grace that has earned for him, young as he is, one of the highest of all literary accolades: a true successor to the great James Baldwin.
From until , she taught in the public schools of the Roxbury section of Boston. Then, she was appointed Director of the Africana Center at Tufts University, a post she held from until In , she earned her PhD in sociology from Brandeis.
Black International Writing
In , she published her landmark study, Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment see below. In this book, she looked at the social, psychological, and political issues of the disempowerment of black women in a wide variety ways, including through the lenses of revolutionary Marxist and feminist theory drawing on the work of Angela Y. Davis , fiction Alice Walker , and poetry Audre Lorde. Challenging power structures from the inside, working the cracks within the system, however, requires learning to speak multiple languages of power convincingly.
Other books Collins has written have broached the possibility of reconceptualizing public education Another Kind of Public Education and reflected upon the vital role of public intellectuals in articulating the language in which new social and political possibilities become thinkable On Intellectual Activism. Her published work has been very widely translated, anthologized, and otherwise reprinted. She is the recipient of numerous grants, awards, board memberships, invitations to give lectures and keynote addresses, and honorary degrees.
During the — academic year, Collins served as President of the American Sociological Association. Cone was born in Fordyce, Arkansas, in He was called to the ministry and became a pastor at the age of Accordingly, he cast off mainstream theological discourse in favor of his own distinctive brand of liberation theology, which he called black theology.
From this point of departure, Cone concluded that. Liberation is not an afterthought, but the very essence of divine activity. More radically still, Cone came to believe that theology could not be a universalist endeavor, but must always be grounded in the reality of historically specific forms of oppression. Above all, Cone says, black theology must integrate the two dominant symbols of lived black experience: the cross and the lynching tree. From a black theology perspective, they are not two things; they are one and the same. The cross is the lynching tree. Crenshaw was born in Canton, Ohio, in Her fields of specialization are critical race theory and constitutional law.
Crenshaw became world-famous as the originator of the concept of intersectionality, first articulated in a paper she wrote for the University of Chicago Law Forum in That is because in the absence of a recognized category, a complex socially constructed identity and the sui generis experiences that may result from it have a very difficult time becoming visible to others. In addition to her teaching and writing, she has been active in a number of political endeavors. For instance, she was a member of the legal team representing Anita Hill during the Senate confirmation hearings on Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas, and she co-founded and serves as Executive Director of the African American Policy Forum, a non-profit think tank with the mission of facilitating the greater influence of scholarly research on race and gender inequality and discrimination on public policy discourse in government and the media.
Davis was born in Birmingham, Alabama, in Following two years of graduate work at the University of Frankfurt, where she studied with Frankfurt School philosopher Theodor Adorno, she entered the doctoral program in philosophy at the University of California San Diego, where Marcuse had moved in the meantime. She passed the qualifying exams for her PhD that same year, and began writing her dissertation under the supervision of Marcuse, but due to unforeseen events see below was unable to complete it.
Davis is undoubtedly best known for her involvement in two events that occurred when she was still in graduate school, which received national, and even international, publicity: 1 her expulsion in from her job as an assistant professor of philosophy at UCLA on the grounds of her CPUSA membership; and 2 her arrest in as an accomplice in the violent takeover and hostage-taking at the Marin County Courthouse in San Rafael, California, by Jonathan Jackson, younger brother of Black Panther Party leader George Jackson.
Aided by three other Panthers being held in cells inside the courthouse, the younger Jackson took the judge and four other whites as hostages, with the aim of demanding the release of George Jackson. During their getaway in a van, there was a shootout from both outside and inside the vehicle, at the end of which the judge, Jonathan Jackson, and two other Black Panthers were dead, and two other white hostages were wounded.
Davis was accused of supplying firearms to the younger Jackson. Although three of the weapons he used were shown to have been purchased by her, due to insufficient evidence that she was aware of the purpose he intended to put them to, at her trial Davis was found innocent of all charges. As a philosopher and critical theorist, Davis has consistently applied the theoretical prism of Marxism to the analysis of the oppression of both people of color and women more generally by imperialist-capitalist society.
She has continued to be politically committed, frequently lending her support to those she feels have been unjustly accused or condemned. To this end, Davis co-founded the national grassroots prison-abolition organization, Critical Resistance. Davis, who identifies as lesbian, has authored, co-authored, or edited the 10 books listed below, in addition to numerous interviews and several pamphlets, mixtapes, and audiobooks.
She has lectured widely at universities around the world, on both perennial philosophical topics and political issues of the day. Davis, who holds several honorary doctorates, has been the subject of numerous academic studies by other authors, as well as of several films. Fryer was born in Lewisville, Texas, in The recipient of numerous grants and fellowships, Fryer is the author or co-author of some 60 peer-reviewed articles in academic journals and working paper series.
Having received tenure in at Harvard at the unusually early age of 30, in he was appointed a MacArthur Fellow. Gates was born in Keyser, West Virginia, in Gates made his reputation as a literary theorist with his treatise, The Signifying Monkey see below , in which he argues that black oral and vernacular literature should not be evaluated by criteria developed for understanding the European literary canon.
Rather, criteria of evaluation for black literature must be developed internally, with a sensitivity to the historical and cultural contexts of the literature in question. In later years, Gates somewhat moderated this stance, defending the right of white scholars willing to develop the appropriate knowledge and sensitivity to work within Africana studies disciplines. In other words, he now supports viewing Africana literature as one highly significant strand within the Western canon, rather than as something separate and apart from it.
In addition to his influential academic work, Gates has written widely for a popular audience. Beginning with his memoir, Colored People , in , he has attempted to bring his own personal experience as a black man in America to bear on a multitude of different issues and topics of wide public interest. Examples include his book on the eighteenth-century black woman poet Phillis Wheatley, an extensive series of classic novels by African American authors that he has edited, and the Norton Anthology of African American Literature that he edited, as well.
Finally, he has brought a personal interest in genealogy to a wide audience with his books, lectures, and an award-winning television series on that subject. In addition to receiving numerous awards, grants, and fellowships, he sits on the editorial boards of several dozen of scholarly journals and is a board member of an equal number of professional organizations.
More than 50 colleges and universities around the world have bestowed an honorary degree upon him. In , she returned to Harvard with a joint appointment in history and law. Gordon-Reed is best known for her ground-breaking work on the Hemings family of slaves who were owned by Thomas Jefferson and lived on his Virginia plantation, Monticello.
She also assisted the prominent civil rights activist Vernon Jordan in writing his memoir. In addition to her books, she is the author of numerous peer-reviewed articles in edited volumes and in such academic journals as Foreign Affairs , Journal of American History , and William and Mary Quarterly. Harris was born in From until her retirement in , Harris was Distinguished Professor of Law occupying the Boochever and Bird Endowed Chair for the Study and Teaching of Freedom and Equality at the University of California Davis School of Law, where her areas of teaching expertise included critical race theory, feminist legal theory, and criminal law.
Harris has also been extremely active professionally, having helped to organize or having participated in a great many colloquia, seminars, and workshops on feminist legal theory and critical race theory, at which she has delivered scores of invited talks and lectures. Isaac was born in Ethiopia in to a Yemeni Jewish father and an Ethiopian mother of the Oromo ethnic group.
Isaac is a polymath who is proficient in some 17 ancient and modern languages, including most of those of Europe and the Near East, as well as many of those of Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa. Isaac is also well known as an activist who has worked tirelessly over many years for peace in the Middle East, in his own war-torn native land, and elsewhere. He is a long-time associate of the Tanenbaum Center for Interreligious Understanding, as well as a member of the Committee, a group of respected Ethiopian elders who work for reconciliation among the various ethnic groups within Ethiopia and between Ethiopia and her neighbors.
Kambon was born Joseph A. Baldwin in Jasper, Alabama, in Writing as Joseph A. According to this idea, when an African individual is socially conditioned to accept the alien European worldview, psychopathology and self-hatred are the inevitable result. He has also warned against less radical approaches to black psychology, which mix Eurocentric and Africentric psychological perspectives, as potentially damaging to African American patients.
He has published more than 60 scholarly articles in edited volumes and peer-reviewed journals, and is a past National President of the Association of Black Psychologists. Keller was born in St.
Keller specializes in comparative politics; his area of particular interest is Africa. In addition, he has done public policy work with the UN, and consulted on African Development, regional security issues, public policy, and the process of political transitions in Africa. Keller is the author or co-author of more than 50 peer-reviewed articles in edited volumes and journals, and is the author or co-editor of some 10 books see below.
During a long career of distinguished service, he has sat on the editorial boards of around a dozen academic journals and on the boards of directors and advisory committees of a great number of academic and governmental bodies, both US and international.
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Kennedy was born in Columbia, South Carolina, in Albans School. Appointed a Rhodes Scholar, he studied history at Oxford University for two academic years — After obtaining his law degree, Kennedy clerked for Judge J. Kennedy is currently Michael R. Kennedy has taught courses in the areas of contracts, freedom of expression, race relations law, civil rights legislation, and the Supreme Court. For example, he has argued that due to ongoing unfairness in the way the criminal justice system is administered, affirmative action may be a rational form of redress in many cases.
At the same time, he acknowledges the fact that blacks commit a disproportionate amount of the crimes against persons and property that are most feared by citizens of all races, and that this reality should not be simply ignored. However, while continuing to call the shots as he sees them, Kennedy remains emphatic on one point that he shares in common with his harshest critics:. McWhorter was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in He earned his PhD in linguistics in from Stanford University.
McWhorter left his tenured position at Berkeley and accepted an appointment as Associate Professor of English and Comparative Literature in the Center for American Studies at Columbia University in order to be in New York City, which is the epicenter of his career as a public intellectual see below. McWhorter has taught courses on many subjects, including linguistics, American studies, philosophy, and music history. He is best known to the general public, however, as a popularizer of linguistics, and especially as a cultural critic. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Paul Gilroy. London , England , United Kingdom. Main article: The Black Atlantic. Retrieved 14 March The New York Times. Fifty Key Literary Theorists. London: Routledge, , p. Curated by Yasmin Gunaratnam for Media Diversified. OpenDemocracy, 20 February Retrieved 18 July The Royal Society of Literature. Retrieved 26 April British Academy. Retrieved 30 June Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, , p.
Paul Gilroy at home in London in University College School.