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Your playlist is stored within your cookies, clearing your browser data may remove your playlist. By submitting this form, you acknowledge that you have read the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy , that you understand them, and that you agree to be bound by them. Episode The Universal Page. Date Episode Life and Death in Singapore. Add to Queue Remove from Queue Download. Episode The Anthropocene Reviewed. Episode The Barney Design Redux. Episode The Automat. Episode Depave Paradise. A popular line dance called Poco-poco was originated in Indonesia and also popular in Malaysia , but at early April Malaysian Islamic clerics banned the poco-poco dance for Muslims due to them believing it is traditionally a Christian dance and that its steps make the sign of the cross.

Wayang , the Javanese, Sundanese, and Balinese shadow puppet theatre shows display several mythological legends such as Ramayana and Mahabharata , and many more. Wayang Orang is Javanese traditional dance drama based on wayang stories. Various Balinese dance drama also can be included within traditional form of Indonesian drama.

All of these drama incorporated humor and jest, often involving audiences in their performance. Randai is a folk theatre tradition of the Minangkabau people of West Sumatra , usually performed for traditional ceremonies and festivals. It incorporates music, singing, dance, drama and the silat martial art, with performances often based on semi-historical Minangkabau legends and love story. Bangsawan is a Malay folk theatre found in the province of Riau. Modern performing art also developed in Indonesia with their distinct style of drama.

Notable theatre, dance, and drama troupe such as Teater Koma are gain popularity in Indonesia as their drama often portray social and political satire of Indonesian society. The art of Pencak Silat was created and firstly developed in the islands of Java and Sumatra. It is an art for survival and practised throughout Indonesian archipelago. Centuries of tribal wars in Indonesian history had shaped silat as it was used by the ancient warriors of Indonesia.

Silat was used to determine the rank and position of warriors in old Indonesian kingdoms. Contacts with Indians and Chinese has further enriched silat. Silat reached areas beyond Indonesia mainly through diaspora of Indonesian people. They brought silat and passed it down to their descendants. The Indonesian of half-Dutch descent are also credited as the first to have brought the art into Europe. Silat was used by Indonesian independence fighters during their struggle against the Dutch colonial rule. Unfortunately after Indonesia achieving their independence, silat became less popular among Indonesian youth compare to foreign martial arts like Karate and Taekwondo.

This probably because silat was not taught openly and only passed down among blood relatives, the other reason is the lack of media portrayal of the art. Efforts have been made to introduce and reintroduce the beauty of silat to Indonesian youth and the world.

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Exhibitions and promotions by individuals as well as state-sponsored groups helped the growing of silat's popularity, particularly in Europe and United States. Indonesian Silat movie Merantau is one of Indonesian efforts to introduce silat to international scene. Another martial art from Indonesia is Tarung Derajat. It is a modern combat system created by Haji Ahmad Drajat based on his experience as a street fighter. Tarung Drajat has been acknowledge as a national sport by KONI in and is now used by Indonesian Army as part of their basic training. What Indonesian painting before the 19th century are mostly restricted to the decorative arts, considered to be a religious and spiritual activity, comparable to the pre European art.

Artists' names are anonymous, since the individual human creator was seen as far less important than their creation to honour the deities or spirits. Some examples are the Kenyah decorative art, based on endemic natural motifs such as ferns and hornbills, found decorating the walls of Kenyah long houses. Other notable traditional art is the geometric Toraja wood carvings.

Balinese painting are initially the narrative images to depict scenes of Balinese legends and religious scripts. The classical Balinese paintings are often decorating the lontar manuscripts and also the ceilings of temples pavilion. Under the influence of the Dutch colonial power, a trend toward Western-style painting emerged in the 19th century. In the Netherlands, the term "Indonesian Painting" is applied to the paintings produced by Dutch or other foreign artists who lived and worked in the former Netherlands-Indies.

The most famous indigenous 19th century Indonesian painter is Raden Saleh — , the first indigenous artist to study in Europe. His art is heavily influenced by Romanticism. His works has somehow influenced Balinese artists and painters. Today Bali has one of the most vivid and richest painting traditions in Indonesia.

The s to s were a time of growing nationalism in Indonesia. The previous period of romanticism movement was not seen as a purely Indonesian movement and did not develop. Painters began to see the natural world for inspiration. From the s on, artists started to mix Western techniques with Southeast Asian imagery and content. Painters that rooted in the revolutionary movement of the World War and the post-World War period started to appear during this period, such as Sudjojono, Affandi , and Hendra. During the s, new elements were added when abstract expressionism and Islamic art began to be absorbed by the art community.

Also during this period, group of painters that are more concerned about the reality of Indonesian society began to appear, taking inspiration from the social problem such as division between the rich and the poor, pollution, and deforestation.


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The national identity of Indonesia was stressed by these painters through the use of a realistic, documentary style. During the Sukarno period this socially-engaged art was officially promoted, but after it lost popularity due to its presumed communist tendencies. Indonesia has a long history of stone, bronze and Iron Ages arts. The megalithic sculptures can be found in numerous archaeological sites in Sumatra, Java to Sulawesi.

The native Indonesians tribes have their own distinct tribal sculpture styles, usually created to depict ancestors, deities and animals. The pre-Hindu-Buddhist and pre-Islamic sculptures can be traced in the artworks of indigenous Indonesian tribes.

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The most notable sculptures are those of Asmat wooden sculpture of Papua , the Dayak wooden mask and sculpture, the ancestral wooden statue of Toraja , also the totem-like sculpture of Batak and Nias tribe. The stone sculpture artform particularly flourished in 8th-toth-century Java and Bali, which demonstrate the influences of Hindu-Buddhist culture, both as stand-alone works of art and also incorporated into temples.

Most notable sculpture of classical Hindu-Buddhist era of Indonesia are the hundreds of meters of relief and hundreds of stone buddhas at the temple of Borobudur in central Java.

Culture of Indonesia

Approximately two miles of exquisite relief sculpture tell the story of the life of Buddha and illustrate his teachings. The temple was originally home to statues of the seated Buddha. This site, as with others in central Java, show a clear Indian influence. The examples of notable Indonesian Hindu-Buddhist sculptures are; the statues of Hindu deities; Shiva , Vishnu , Brahma , Durga , Ganesha and Agastya enthroned in rooms of Prambanan temples, the Vishnu mounting Garuda statue of king Airlangga , the exquisite statue of Eastern Javanese Prajnaparamita and 3.

Today, the Hindu-Buddhist style stone sculptures are reproduced in villages in Muntilan near Borobudur also in Trowulan the former capital site of Majapahit in East Java, and Bali , and sold as garden or pool ornament statues for homes, offices and hotels. Today in Indonesia, the richest, most elaborate and vivid wooden sculpture and wood carving traditions can be found in Bali and Jepara , Central Java.

Balinese handicrafts such as sculptures, masks, and other carving artworks are popular souvenir for tourist that have visited Indonesia. On the other hand, the Jepara wood carving are famous for its elaborately carved wooden furnitures, folding screens also pelaminan gebyok wedding throne with carved background. For centuries, the Indonesian vernacular architecture has shaped settlements in Indonesia which commonly took form of timber structures built on stilts dominated by large roof. The most dominant foreign influences on Indonesian architecture were Indian , although European influences have been particularly strong since the 19th century and modern architecture in Indonesia is international in scope.

As in much of South East Asia , traditional vernacular architecture in Indonesia are built on stilts, with the significant exceptions of Java and Bali. Oversized saddle roofs with large eaves, such as the homes of the Batak and the tongkonan of Toraja, are often bigger than the house they shelter.

The fronts of Torajan houses are frequently decorated with buffalo horns, stacked one above another, as an indication of status. The outside walls also frequently feature decorative reliefs. The 8th-century Borobudur temple near Yogyakarta is the largest Buddhist temple in the world, and is notable for incorporating about 2, relief panels and Buddha statues into its structure, telling the story of the life of the Buddha.

As the visitor ascends through the eight levels of the temple, the story unfolds, the final three levels simply containing stupas and statues of the Buddha. The building is said to incorporate a map of the Buddhist cosmos and is a masterful fusion of the didactic narrative relief, spiritual symbolism, monumental design and the serene meditative environs.

The whole monument itself resembles a giant stupa, but seen from above it forms a mandala. The nearby 9th-century temple complex at Prambanan contains some of the best preserved examples of Hindu temple architecture in Java. The temple complex comprises eight main shrines, surrounded by smaller shrines. The Indian influence on the site is clear, not only in the style of the monument, but also in the reliefs featuring scenes from the Ramayana which adorn the outer walls of the main temples, and in the votive statuary found within.

Indonesia is considered as home of world handicraft. These natural materials were crafted using hands into profitable and aesthetic items. About half a billion dollar worth of handicraft is exported every year, and many more is consumed domestically. There are many varieties of handicraft from other regions. Several Indonesian islands are famous for their batik , ikat and songket cloth. Once on the brink of disappearing, batik and later ikat, found a new lease on life when former President Suharto promoted wearing batik shirts on official occasions. In addition to the traditional patterns with their special meanings, used for particular occasions, batik designs have become creative and diverse over the last few years.

Other noted Indonesian crafts are Jepara wood carving [16] and Kris. Pramoedya Ananta Toer was Indonesia's most internationally celebrated author, having won the Magsaysay Award as well as being considered for the Nobel Prize in Literature. Other important figures include the late Chairil Anwar , a poet and member of the " Generation 45 " group of authors who were active in the Indonesian independence movement.

Tight information controls during Suharto 's presidency suppressed new writing, especially because of its ability to agitate for social reform. In the book Max Havelaar , Dutch author Multatuli criticised the Dutch treatment of the Indonesians, which gained him international attention.

Some of their works have translated to other languages. There is a long tradition in Indonesia, particularly among ethnically Malay populations, of extemporary, interactive, oral composition of poetry. These poems are referred to as pantun. Many traditional games are still preserved and popular in Indonesia, although western culture has influenced some parts of them. Among three hundred officially recognised Indonesian cultures, there are many kinds of traditional games: cockfighting in Bali , annual bull races in Madura , and stone jumping in Nias. Stone jumping involves leaping over a stone wall about up to 1.

Pencak Silat is another popular form of sport, which was influenced by Asian culture as a whole. Another form of national sport is sepak takraw.

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Popular modern sports in Indonesia played at the international level include football soccer , badminton and basketball. Indonesian badminton athletes have played in Indonesia Open Badminton Championship , All England Open Badminton Championships , and many international events, including the Summer Olympics and won Olympic gold medals since badminton was made an Olympic sport in Rudy Hartono is a legendary Indonesian badminton player, who won All England titles seven times in a row through Indonesian teams have won the Thomas Cup men's world team championship thirteen of the twenty-two times that it has been contested since they entered the series in Indonesia has hosted the Southeast Asian Games four times, in , , and , and won overall champion title in each of these years.


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As of , Indonesia has won champion titles 10 times overall out of 18 SEA Games it has attended since debuted in The country also hosted the Asian Basketball Championship. The cuisine of indonesia has been influenced by Chinese culture and Indian culture , as well as by Western culture.

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However, in return, Indonesian cuisine has also contributed to the cuisines of neighbouring countries, notably Malaysia and Singapore, where Padang or Minangkabau cuisine from West Sumatra is very popular. Also Satay Sate in Indonesian , which originated from Java, Madura, and Sumatra, has gained popularity as a street vendor food from Singapore to Thailand.

In the 15th century, both the Portuguese and Arab traders arrived in Indonesia with the intention of trading for pepper and other spices. During the colonial era , immigrants from many countries arrived in Indonesia and brought different cultures as well as cuisines. Most native Indonesians eat rice as the main dish, with a wide range of vegetables and meat as side dishes.

However, in some parts of the country, such as Irian Jaya and Ambon , the majority of the people eat sago a type of tapioca and sweet potato. The most important aspect of modern Indonesian cuisine is that food must be halal , conforming to Islamic food laws. Haraam , the opposite of halal, includes pork and alcohol.

However, in some regions where there is a significant non-Muslim population, non-halal foods are also commonly served. Indonesian dishes are usually spicy, using a wide range of chili peppers and spices. The most popular dishes include nasi goreng fried rice , Satay , Nasi Padang a dish of Minangkabau and soy-based dishes, such as tofu and tempe.

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A unique characteristic of some Indonesian food is the application of spicy peanut sauce in their dishes, as a dressing for Gado-gado or Karedok Indonesian style salad , or for seasoning grilled chicken satay. Another unique aspect of Indonesian cuisine is using terasi or belacan , a pungent shrimp paste in dishes of sambal oelek hot pungent chili sauce. The sprinkling of fried shallots also gives a unique crisp texture to some Indonesian dishes. Chinese and Indian cultures have influenced the serving of food and the types of spices used.

It is very common to find Chinese food in Indonesia such as Dim Sum and noodles , and Indian cuisine such as Tandoori chicken. In addition, Western culture has significantly contributed to the extensive range of dishes. However, the dishes have been transformed to suit Indonesian tastes.

For example, steaks are usually served with rice. Popular fast foods such as Kentucky Fried Chicken are served with rice instead of bread and sambal spicy sauce instead of ketchup.