Thus, our final hypothesis reads:. Hypothesis 4 : Daily job crafting, namely, increasing structural 4a and social 4b job resources, relates positively to daily employee creativity. Participants were 92 employees 37 men and 55 women working in various occupational sectors in the Netherlands.
This data collection method involves student research assistants who recruit respondents based on their professional network, snowball sampling, and the use of social media. Their contract involved on average The occupational sectors within which they worked included the industry sector Initially, employees were invited to participate in the study via an email invitation explaining that participation was voluntary and confidential and involved filling in five surveys throughout five consecutive working days, at the end of each day.
The employees were also informed that if they filled in all five surveys, they would enrol in a drawing for one 50 Euro gift voucher. Participants who agreed to participate received one email daily at the end of the workday , containing the link to the respective online survey. On average, respondents filled in 4.
They were based on the original psychometric instruments, reformulated so as to refer to the specific working day of the respondents.
To control for the possibility that creativity is dependent on occupational sector, we dummy coded occupational sector into two variables comparing the sectors with the highest frequency i. Additionally, to address our hypothesized effects over and above the effect of other common work stressors, we measured workload based on three items by Karasek and we also used it as a control variable.
Items e. Cronbach's alphas ranged from. This questionnaire refers to creative behaviour that is not tailored to specific occupations and has previously been used within daily diary studies in heterogeneous samples of employees e. Cronbach's alpha ranged from. Using shortened questionnaires to avoid participant fatigue effects is a common practice in diary research e. To make the best selection of items, we focused on items with the least possible overlap. Because the five daily measurements were nested within individuals, our data comprise a multilevel structure.
We started with a null model for daily creativity as dependent variable and without independent variables. Finally, we tested the two hypothesized nonlinear interactions via two separate models, one for quadratic conflict by increasing structural resources Model 4a and one for quadratic conflict by increasing social resources Model 4b.
To do this, we created lagged variables for all predictors, which reduced our data points to Model 3 reveals that the quadratic term of task conflict was unrelated to employee creativity, failing to support Hypothesis 1.
Why Is Creativity So Important?
This means that there is still some masked influence of the first predictor that is only revealed after the influence of the second predictor has been removed. Although this does not help us give a clear answer regarding the main effect of task conflict on creativity, it does suggest that testing the interactions between task conflict and increasing social and structural job resources may be helpful.
The results of Model 4 address the hypothesized nonlinear interactions. In fact, the interaction between task conflict and increasing social resources seems to have a simple linear effect. In order to interpret our two nonlinear i. Therefore, we estimated the nonlinear relationship between task conflict and employee creativity at 1 SD above the mean of increasing structural job resources and we found that, as predicted, it was negative and significant i.
These findings provide support to Hypothesis 2. These findings fail to provide support for Hypothesis 3. To test this hypothesis, we inspected Model 3 of the analyses. Taken together, these findings reveal that while the examined link was nonlinear when increasing structural resources was high i. Finally, Model 1 reveals that both job crafting in the form of daily increasing structural resources and job crafting in the form of daily increasing social resources were positively related to daily creativity, providing support to Hypothesis 4a and Hypothesis 4b, respectively.
The only significant interaction was the one between quadratic workload and increasing social job resources. These findings reveal that our expectation is more clearly supported for task conflict than for other stressors i. Is task conflict always bad for employees and organizations?
Our findings suggest that moderate levels of task conflict may boost creative behaviour of employees. Our study was driven by the mixed findings regarding the link between task conflict and creativity at work. We hypothesized that this link is nonlinear i. Furthermore, we expected that increasing structural or social job resources on their own increase the likelihood of employees to show creativity.
Although our findings do not give a definite answer as to whether task conflict can be directly related to employee creativity, they reveal that such a link is better understood when we look at job crafting as the moderator that makes the link meaningful. Furthermore, a notable pattern arises within the two interaction effects that we found. On the one hand, the link was nonlinear i. On the other hand, the link was linear i. These findings mirror and further refine a diverse set of findings in the literature around task conflict and creativity.
What our findings contribute to this ongoing discussion is that the type of the moderator may determine whether the link is linear or nonlinear. Specifically, what we have learnt from our study is that the link between task conflict and employee creativity is most likely nonlinear when people deal with the conflict in an autonomous way, relying on themselves e. In retrospect, this finding is not surprising if we consider the obvious social element of task conflict, which refers to disagreements between people Jehn, Even though the disagreements concern the task rather than each other, they still occur between individuals.
When, however, a person tries to deal with the conflict together with others e. Although originally we expected that excessive task conflict is detrimental for individuals perhaps more than for teams , our findings suggest otherwise. Specifically, when employees seek positive input and contact with other people, excessive conflict is not detrimental. Conflict is not an attack on each other; if seen constructively and not equated to competition, it may have considerable benefits for organizations Tjosvold, In fact, task conflict may represent noble values and reflect individual motivation to do well in one's job.
This is more likely to be recognized when one takes the time to really approach and embrace each other's views than when one works alone. Last but not least, consistent with extensive creativity literature e. These results replicate but also further refine previous empirical findings from a survey study among employees, showing that increasing one's job resources relates positively to one's creativity at work. Obviously, the results from our additional analyses should be interpreted with caution since these analyses have reduced statistical power compared to our focal analyses i.
Nevertheless, it seems valuable to speculate about possible interpretations of these findings. When conflict is carried over to home and its effects linger after work, the constructive effect of conflict may be less likely. In this alternative analysis, in which we compared mean score differences between employees in general, task conflict was a linear predictor of creativity without any moderators in this relationship. This suggests that — irrespective of job crafting — employees who often encounter daily conflicts report higher daily creativity than employees who do not encounter conflicts on a regular basis.
In contrast, when the analysis focuses on a comparison between different days of an employee who seeks structural job resources, only a moderate amount of conflict relates to the highest creativity.
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It could be that a daily design is best able to zoom in on the factors that explain when the link becomes nonlinear. For example, as we argued previously, employees who try to increase their structural job resources on their own may run into problems on days when task conflict is excessive because it may not be up them to solve the conflict alone.
On these days, they are less creative compared to days with less task conflict perhaps because in the latter case, their creativity is attained in an autonomous manner. When these levels become chronic e. Our findings shed light on the ongoing discussion about task conflict and creativity. Here's what 15 Forbes Communications Council members recommend doing to encourage everyone on your team to bring their campaign ideas to the table. These communications executives share tips for getting input and ideas from your team.
Whether a personal interest is really niche or shared by many, start there. Build ongoing brainstorm sessions into the weekly or monthly meeting rhythm. This creates a culture of open engagement and ensures your team that their ideas are valued. For all ideas selected, follow up with incentives.
Even a small gift card, a lunch out with you or access to company products and services goes a long way to show appreciation and fuel future innovation. As a leader, your role is to knock down walls and develop an environment that evokes creative thinking from your team. The team needs to feel that their voice is appreciated and that they have room to do cool things. Let them test their ideas, see what works and what could be improved, and make sure they know that they have to opportunity to do so.
When office spaces are inviting and open, there are unlimited opportunities for team members to provide new and creative input. Our office includes a separate innovation area designed specifically for team collaboration. This space is bright and open, and our marketing teams regularly leverage that space for brainstorming and planning new marketing campaigns.
The more teams know about changing goals and new opportunities for the business, the more involved they will feel in its success. Creative marketing ideas stem naturally from the desire to participate in the company's growth and awareness of the right direction. The resulting successful marketing campaigns compound the benefits on a morale level and reinforce employee loyalty. One of the best ways to engage your team is by asking what they'd like to learn. This project will help them to structure feedback and learn more from the experience than just sharing a few early ideas.
Repurposing the same teams for similar tasks may seem like the easiest approach to resource allocation, but switching things up can stimulate new brainstorming ideas. To help foster more creativity, consider rotating teams, desk arrangements and assignments. This allows your team to step out of their comfort zones and interact with different team members on a deeper level, which can spark new ideas.
Objective: Office Makeover is all about creativity and teamwork. Through this activity — the team will become stronger, the work environment will be better suited, and there will be a positive aura around the office. Running the Activity: The participants will be asked to fall in line side by side and arrange themselves in the order of their birthdays considering only the month and the date.
How Creative Are You?
To make this activity a bit more fun, you can give teams a cozy platform. And if anyone falls, the team will have to start the whole process again. Objective: This activity will help in problem solving, communication and cooperation in the workplace. Mannequin challenge is one of the most popular online trends and it fits well into this list because it allows you to involve everyone and be creative. So what you have to do is divide everyone into groups of participants. To make this activity successful, you will have to set some rules like the duration of the video, the kind of props that can be used for the, who does what, what background music to pick, and so on.
Objective: Communication, creativity, and teamwork are the three objectives of this game. You have to collect coins with the listed year that should not be dated older than the youngest team member and collect it in a jar. Then, each participant has to pick a coin and share something memorable that happened to them based on the listed year. Objective: This will help to have an insight into each other lives and team members can open up. To help teams feel comfortable with each other, penny for thoughts is an ice breaker game. Break the office routine with some unusual social activity that will require the involvement of every employee.
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Consider ideas like playing board games, conducting a talent show or setting an alternative dress day. Objective: This activity allows people to get more involved with each other and arouse their interest to come to the office every day. Each participant has to figure out what the label is on them on the basis of the questions that other participants are asking them. The one who figures out exits and the one that remains still the end loses the game. Each participant will be given a balloon and a paper strip. They would write a question on the slip, place it in their balloon, blow it and tie it up.
5 Ways to Spark Creativity at Work - Celarity
Everyone will do the same and hit their balloons into the air. After a few seconds, everyone will grab one balloon and sit in a circle. In their respective balloons, there would be a question. Each participant will have to pop the balloon and answer the question that is written on their slip. Objective: Balloon questions allows teams to learn more about other each other in a fun and interactive way.
Be sure to keep the original sculpture in a place that is at an equal distance from all the teams. Ask each team to send a team member to look at the original sculpture at the same time and they return back to their respective teams to describe it to their team in 25 seconds. Continue this pattern until one of the teams successfully duplicates the original sculpture. Objective: The key objective of this game is to help teams learn to solve problems together. Give each team an uncooked egg and put all the office supplies in a pile.
Give everyone minutes to use the given supplies and build a contraption around the egg that will keep the egg from dropping or breaking.