This book does exactly that, while also offering a more general theory for Asian institution building.
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Kent Calder is the Edwin O. He previously was the special adviser to the U. The book is valuable both for the argument it advances as well as for the material it has organized on regional interactions in the twelve years or so following the Asian financial crisis of the late s.
Calder and Ye document intensifying interdependence and challenge the view of a Northeast Asia threatened by crisis and power competition. Blending new and established data, this fascinating study argues that these dynamics [tourism, exchanges, and institutionalized policy] have greater impact on East Asian integration than power competition.
East Asia today faces a number of difficult challenges, beginning with that posed by a dynamic, militarily powerful China whose ambitions and intentions are far from clear.
Implications for Korea's Growth and Economic Development
The military dimension is particularly important, since Beijing has demonstrated that it is prepared to use military muscle to enforce its territorial claims. For all these reasons, U. Years of exhaustive diplomatic efforts by the United States and others have failed to prevent North Korea from becoming a de facto nuclear-weapons state.
North Korea is today on the brink of being able to threaten the region, and U. The January 6 nuclear test shows Pyongyang is making important strides in achieving this capability.
Studies in Asian Security
Once it does, it will fundamentally alter security dynamics in East Asia and elevate regional concerns about peace and stability to a new level. Bush Monday, June 25, Faced with this challenge, U. Until now, U. The result has been an increasingly nuclear-armed North Korea and a rising threat to the region.
Making Of Northeast Asia, The (Studies In Asian Security)
The time for urgent action has now arrived. Jones East Asia is undergoing a dynamic transformation. The intentions and ambitions of a strong, revitalized, and militarily powerful China remain unclear, contributing to these concerns and providing a rationale for worst-case planning by the United States and others.
These challenges exist in a region that is famously plagued by territorial disputes and the weighty legacy of colonial occupation, conflict, and tragic history. These factors contribute to lingering intra-regional animosity and resentment and could someday provide fuel for confrontation.
At a time of rising security concerns, it is no surprise that regional actors are increasingly uncertain about the future. The ongoing U. This is unsurprising, since much of the foreign policy rhetoric in the campaign is aimed at scoring points and appealing to political bases, not advancing serious solutions to serious issues.
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Author Evans J. But soon the campaign sloganeering, rhetorical bombast, and one-upsmanship will be over, and a new U.
Among the many challenges facing the region and the new president, this paper will focus on two — China and North Korea — and outline the major policy tasks and priorities facing the current administration, and to which a new administration will necessarily devote its attention. This paper will also suggest new approaches for policy makers to consider as they face the task of responding to the challenges of a region in flux.
Without question, the preeminent geo-strategic challenge facing the United States in East Asia is the one posed by an economically and military powerful China eager to establish itself as a dominant — perhaps the predominant — actor in the region.
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For U. In doing so, Washington must also tackle the challenge of keeping U. China seeks a central role in regional institution building and intends to bring its considerable economic power to bear to ensure its voice is heard. As long as these efforts remain transparent and open to broad participation, and as long as they adhere to globally accepted standards and do not undercut the role of existing institutions, they are to be welcomed.
One task for future policy makers will be to revisit this ill-advised decision. Similarly, the U. And it goes without saying that U.
U.S. policy and East Asian security: Challenge and response
China is rapidly developing the capacity to advance its regional interests using its armed forces. Some of those interests do not correspond with those of its neighbors. Chinese leaders regularly declare that their intention is not to supplant the United States or to push America out of the region. By streamlining regional military commands, shifting the center of gravity of the military from ground forces to higher-tech air and naval capabilities, by emphasizing joint command structures, and by moving the savings gained by demobilizing ground troops into improving combat technology and systems, China is building a military based on the U.
As China has become an increasingly prominent actor on the world stage, the range of these interests has naturally expanded, requiring corresponding attention to the means to defend them.
Some of these claims contravene or exceed what is permitted under the U. And because China often uses military and paramilitary assets to enforce or assert its claims, they pose a potential threat to freedom of navigation and access in these strategically important waters. In a new development, the PRC has begun to send armed warships into the waters near the Japanese-controlled islands, increasing tensions and creating the possibility of a miscalculation or accidental confrontation.
The Obama Administration has responded to this situation with increasing intensity, using a range of policy tools, including:.
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