This tradition of a crew wearing patches designed by its own members has continued over the years, with the Apollo 11 crew following suit. Ultimately, they decided to make the concept a representation of the larger goals of NASA—and America—at the time. In , in a rare interview, Armstrong admitted that while he was confident he and his fellow crew members would make it back to Earth, he was less convinced that the crew would succeed in landing their lunar module, known as Eagle. There are so many unknowns on that descent from lunar orbit down to the surface that had not been demonstrated yet by testing and there was a big chance that there was something in there we didn't understand properly and we had to abort and come back to Earth without landing.
Getting to the Moon requires some serious software innovation, especially in the s. Margaret Hamilton led the team that wrote every line of code for the Apollo Guidance Computer. Hamilton—a pioneer who coined the term software engineering —is probably most recognizable for the famous photo of her and the stack of printed-out code standing as tall as she is. She was just 33 years old when that code sent the Apollo 11 mission to the Moon. We're back with another surprise hunt of the Apollo11 source code! Comment below when you find it, and challenge a friend!
Computer programmers aren't generally known for their senses of humor, but a piece of space history— discovered in —suggests that maybe they should be. Former NASA intern Chris Garry uploaded the Apollo 11 flight source code to GitHub , revealing a legendary piece of flight software that was full of jokes and topical s references. As a thank you, Armstrong would be allowed to keep half of the pieces. Armstrong, an avid flier, was enthusiastic. That was his boyhood goal, to be an aircraft designer.
On July 5, , the Apollo 11 astronauts did a roundtable interview with members of the press. When Apollo 11 finally did land, their fuel supply was extremely low. The alarm had already sounded that the men had 60 seconds left to land or abort, then the second alarm sounded. He was looking at the outside. I could see a shadow of the sun being behind us. In order to avoid that potential disaster, Armstrong took manual control of the lunar module and attempted to find a safer place for them to land.
Frederick Douglass - Wikiquote
In order to get to the surface of the Moon for that official step, he first had to hop off the ladder, then back up to it to make sure he could reach it again. Humans 1st set foot on a heavenly body OTD Neil Armstrong stepped onto the Moon at pm Eastern Time.
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OneGiantLeap pic. The Apollo 11 moon landing, perhaps one of the greatest accomplishments in human history, was broadcasted live to thousands of Disneyland park Guests gathered at the Tomorrowland Stage on July 20, Tomorrowland NASA pic. Ever the professional, Armstrong did his best to ignore the fact that he was standing on the Moon so that he and Aldrin could get their work done.
According to The Guardian , "Armstrong said there was too much work to do to spend too long meditating or reflecting on where he was. Tranquility Base here. Fortunately, the folks back in Houston just rolled with it. At the same time that Armstrong and Aldrin were wrapping up their work on the lunar surface, Luna 15—an unmanned Soviet spacecraft—accidentally crashed into the Moon approximately miles from the Sea of Tranquility. In his memoir, Michael Collins wrote about how dangerous the Apollo 11 mission was and how terrified he was that something would go wrong.
Buzz Aldrin had planned to read a communion passage, but was asked to scrap it at the last minute. It was interesting for me to think: The very first liquid ever poured on the moon, and the very first food eaten there, were the communion elements.
If their heart rates were any indication, Armstrong and Aldrin were pretty calm, cool, and collected when they landed on the Moon. Before landing on the Moon, there was much discussion as to how appropriate planting any single country's flag on its surface would be. Of course, then the big question became: Where did that American flag come from? NASA tried their best to dodge the question, explaining that they had purchased flags from several different manufacturers. The surface was made of hard rock, with a layer of dust on top of it, which made planting the American flag one of their toughest jobs.
As for what happened to that flag once it fell over? It likely turned to ashes. Over the years, the nylon would have turned brittle and disintegrated. Aldrin wrote about how some quick-thinking helped solve the problem in his memoir, Magnificent Desolation : The Long Journey Home From the Moon :. I had a felt-tipped pen in the shoulder pocket of my suit that might do the job. After moving the countdown procedure up by a couple of hours in case it didn't work, I inserted the pen into the small opening where the circuit breaker switch should have been, and pushed it in; sure enough, the circuit breaker held.
We were going to get off the Moon, after all. In addition to that pen, Aldrin also kept the broken circuit breaker switch. While the press seemed most interested in what the Apollo 11 astronauts were planning to take with them to the Moon, what they brought back was even more amazing. Some of the rocks they brought home were estimated to be 3. So Carlson took the agency to court, where a judge ruled in her favor. My travel voucher to the moon. Apollo11 pic.
Though he made history by becoming the second person to walk on the Moon, Aldrin—like so many other office drones before and after him—was forced to be subjected to the mundane indignities of filling out his expense reports. Yes the Apollo11 crew also signed customs forms. Moon disease TBD. Just like any other traveler who left the United States, the Apollo 11 team had to fill out customs forms when they made their way back through Honolulu. On July 24, the Apollo 11 crew reentered Earth's atmosphere and splashed down into the Pacific Ocean after more than a week in space.
They were released from quarantine on August 10, To make sure that their families were taken care of, financially, if they did not return from their mission, the Apollo 11 astronauts spent part of their pre-mission quarantine signing hundreds of autographs , which were to be auctioned off if and when needed. Fortunately, they were not. When Armstrong, who did his best to stay out of the spotlight following Apollo 11, learned that people were profiting from his autographs, he stopped signing them altogether. Even 50 years later, there are still some people who believe that the Moon landing was a hoax.
But the men who manned Apollo 11 had a sense of humor about it. And on at least one occasion, Aldrin had a hard time laughing it off. In , Aldrin was approached by conspiracy theorist Bart Sibrel, who wanted the astronaut to put his hand on a Bible and swear to God that he had walked on the Moon. While Aldrin did his best to ignore Sibrel, the NASA legend didn't take too kindly to being called "a coward, and a liar, and a thief" by Sibrel. So he punched him in the face In , UFO enthusiasts ran with an out-of-context quote Aldrin had given about an unidentified object the crew had seen outside the spacecraft's window.
While many tabloids ran with the idea that Aldrin was saying the Apollo 11 crew had seen a UFO, Aldrin was quick to correct the record There were many explanations of what that could be, other than another spacecraft from another country or another world—it was either the rocket we had separated from, or the 4 panels that moved away when we extracted the lander from the rocket and we were nose to nose with the two spacecraft. So in the close vicinity, moving away, were 4 panels. And i feel absolutely convinced that we were looking at the sun reflected off of one of these panels.
Which one? I don't know. So technically, the definition could be 'unidentified. And I felt that this had been distributed to the outside world, the outside audience, and apparently it wasn't, and so many years later, I had the time in an interview to disclose these observations, on another country's television network. It was not an alien. Basketball and hockey coaches wear business suits on the sidelines. Football coaches wear team-branded shirts and jackets and often ill-fitting pleated khakis.
Why are baseball managers the only guys who wear the same outfit as their players? According to John Thorn , the official historian of Major League Baseball since , it goes back to the earliest days of the game. Back then, the person known as the manager was the business manager: the guy who kept the books in order and the road trips on schedule.
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