That raised fears of a repeat of Dortmund's amazing double-goal escape against Malaga in the quarter final. But they held on, setting up what is likely to be a blockbusting all-German final in London.
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But when he famously alluded to Robin Hood, he didn't know how right he was. Meet Dortmund's merry man. Robert Lewandowski's agent has told a leading German paper that the Polish striker "intends" to leave Borussia Dortmund in the summer.
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There's no better time to tout; Lewandowski just made Champions League history. Borussia Dortmund and Bayern Munich did not just defeat the two Spanish top notch clubs, they humiliated them. Are we seeing the changing of the guard in European football? Real Madrid intends to establish a women's side that will compete in the club season. The Spanish giants have long been criticized for not having a team for female footballers. After Real Madrid announced they'd be establishing a women's team, Borussia Dortmund are the biggest European club still without one. Why are the German giants holding out?
DW takes a look. Click here for the latest Bundesliga results and the current league standings.
Here you can also scroll through the results from past matchdays as well as the league standings in previous weeks. Europe's most prestigious club competition is in action for another season. Jena: The German 2nd division team knocked out defending cup winners 1. Nike : The Schwarzgelben will wear a special cup final jersey, just as they did in when they last won the German Cup. The jersey will be designed by Nike. TV Ratings: 5. Sportstudio : ZDF German public broadcasting station has invited the cup winners to the "Aktuelles Sportstudio" which will be hosted by Michael Steinbrecher from Training: The final training session will take place at the Olympic Stadium on Friday evening April 18th.
It will be a non-public training session. Accommodation: The team will spend the night before the final at the "Schlosshotel Grunewald" which was the home of the German national team during the World Cup. Extra-Time: If the match has not been decided after 90 minutes, two fifteen minute overtime periods will be added.
If there still no winner after the two overtime periods, a penalty shoot-out will decide the winner. Cup Coverage: In a special program beginning at 7. Compiled by Boris Rupert - translated by Chris Schuepp. Next Match. Last Match. Who's the fastest shooter? Both clubs determined that the foundation date should coincide with Sport Lisboa's because it was the most recognised club and quite popular in Lisbon due to its football merits.
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In regard to the crest, a cycling wheel was added to Sport Lisboa's to represent the most important sport of Grupo Sport Benfica. Furthermore, the two entities of the "new" club had simultaneous members who helped stabilise operations, which increased the success of the merger.
However, problems with the club's rented field remained.
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Benfica moved to their first football grass field, Campo de Sete Rios , in Four years after refusing an increase in rent, they relocated to Campo de Benfica. It borders Denmark to the north and the Czech Republic to the east and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, Luxembourg and the Netherlands to the west. Germany includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of , square kilometres, has a temperate seasonal climate.
With 83 million inhabitants, it is the second most populous state of Europe after Russia , the most populous state lying in Europe, as well as the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is a decentralized country, its capital and largest metropolis is Berlin , while Frankfurt serves as its financial capital and has the country's busiest airport. Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity. A region named Germania was documented before AD. During the Migration Period , the Germanic tribes expanded southward.
Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. After the collapse of the Holy Roman Empire, the German Confederation was formed in ; the German revolutions of —49 resulted in the Frankfurt Parliament establishing major democratic rights. In , Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire.
After World War I and the revolution of —19 , the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic ; the Nazi seizure of power in led to the establishment of a dictatorship, the annexation of Austria , World War II , the Holocaust. After the end of World War II in Europe and a period of Allied occupation, Austria was re-established as an independent country and two new German states were founded: West Germany , formed from the American and French occupation zones, East Germany , formed from the Soviet occupation zone.
Following the Revolutions of that ended communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe , the country was reunified on 3 October Today, the sovereign state of Germany is a federal parliamentary republic led by a chancellor, it is a great power with a strong economy. As a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors, it is both the world's third-largest exporter and importer of goods; as a developed country with a high standard of living, it upholds a social security and universal health care system, environmental protection, a tuition-free university education.
The Federal Republic of Germany was a founding member of the European Economic Community in and the European Union in , it is part of the Schengen Area and became a co-founder of the Eurozone in Known for its rich cultural history, Germany has been continuously the home of influential and successful artists, musicians, film people, entrepreneurs, scientists and inventors. Germany has a large number of World Heritage sites and is among the top tourism destinations in the world.
The English word Germany derives from the Latin Germania, which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine ; the German term Deutschland diutisciu land is derived from deutsch, descended from Old High German diutisc "popular" used to distinguish the language of the common people from Latin and its Romance descendants. The Neander Valley was the location where the first non-modern human fossil was discovered. The Neanderthal 1 fossils are known to be 40, years old.
Evidence of modern humans dated, has been found in caves in the Swabian Jura near Ulm; the finds included 42,year-old bird bone and mammoth ivory flutes which are the oldest musical instruments found, the 40,year-old Ice Age Lion Man , the oldest uncontested figurative art discovered, the 35,year-old Venus of Hohle Fels , the oldest uncontested human figurative art discovered.
From southern Scandinavia and north Germany, they expanded south and west from the 1st century BC, coming into contact with the Celtic tribes of Gaul as well. Defender association football In the sport of association football, a defender is an outfield player whose primary role is to prevent the opposing team from scoring goals.
There are four types of defenders: centre-back, full-back, wing-back; the centre-back and full-back positions are essential in most modern formations. The sweeper and wing-back roles are more specialised for certain formations. A centre-back defends in the area directly in front of the goal, tries to prevent opposing players centre-forwards , from scoring.
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Centre-backs accomplish this by blocking shots, intercepting passes, contesting headers and marking forwards to discourage the opposing team from passing to them. With the ball, centre-backs are expected to make long and pinpoint passes to their teammates, or to kick unaimed long balls down the field. For example, a clearance is a long unaimed kick intended to move the ball as far as possible from the defender's goal. Due to the many skills centre-backs are required to possess in the modern game, many successful contemporary central-defensive partnerships have involved pairing a more physical defender with a defender, quicker, more comfortable in possession and capable of playing the ball out from the back.
During normal play, centre-backs are unlikely to score goals. However, when their team takes a corner kick or other set pieces, centre-backs may move forward to the opponents' penalty area. In this case, other defenders or midfielders will temporarily move into the centre-back positions; some centre-backs have been known for their direct free kicks and powerful shots from distance.
Brazilian defenders David Luiz and Naldo have been known for using the cannonball free kick method, which relies more on power than placement. In the modern game, most teams employ three centre-backs in front of the goalkeeper ; the 4—2—3—1 , 4—3—3, 4—4—2 formations all use two centre-backs.
There are two main defensive strategies used by centre-backs: the zonal defence, where each centre-back covers a specific area of the pitch; the sweeper is a more versatile centre-back who "sweeps up" the ball if an opponent manages to breach the defensive line. This position is rather more fluid than that of other defenders who man-mark their designated opponents. Because of this, it is sometimes referred to as libero. Though sweepers may be expected to build counter-attacking moves, as such require better ball control and passing ability than typical centre-backs, their talents are confined to the defensive realm.
For example, the catenaccio system of play, used in Italian football in the s, employed a purely defensive sweeper who only "roamed" around the back line; the more modern libero possesses the defensive qualities of the typical libero while being able to expose the opposition during counterattacks.
The Fundell-libero has become more popular in recent time with the sweeper transitioning to the most advanced forward in an attack; this variation on the position requires great fitness.
While seen in professional football, the position has been extensively used in lower leagues. Modern libero sit behind centre-backs as a sweeper before charging through the team to join in the attack; some sweepers move forward and distribute the ball up-field, while others intercept passes and get the ball off the opposition without needing to hurl themselves into tackles.
If the sweeper does move up the field to distribute the ball, they will need to make a speedy recovery and run back into their position. Other defenders who have been described as sweepers include Bobby Moore , Franco Baresi , Ronald Koeman , Fernando Hierro , Matthias Sammer , Aldair , due to their ball skills and long passing ability. Though it is used in modern football, it remains a respected and demanding position. Rehhagel utilized Traianos Dellas as Greece's sweeper to great success, as Greece became European champions. Association football Association football, more known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players.
It is played by million players in over countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport; the game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal. Association football is one of a family of football codes, which emerged from various ball games played worldwide since antiquity; the modern game traces its origins to when the Laws of the Game were codified in England by The Football Association.
Players are not allowed to touch the ball with hands or arms while it is in play, except for the goalkeepers within the penalty area. Other players use their feet to strike or pass the ball, but may use any other part of their body except the hands and the arms; the team that scores most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, either a draw is declared or the game goes into extra time or a penalty shootout depending on the format of the competition.
Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football , which organises World Cups for both men and women every four years; the rules of association football were codified in England by the Football Association in and the name association football was coined to distinguish the game from the other forms of football played at the time rugby football. The term soccer comes from a slang or jocular abbreviation of the word "association", with the suffix "-er" appended to it; the word soccer was first recorded in in the earlier form of socca.
Within the English-speaking world, association football is now called "football" in the United Kingdom and "soccer" in Canada and the United States. People in countries where other codes of football are prevalent may use either term, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now use "football" for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is evidence.
Cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net, it was remarkably similar to modern football. During the Han Dynasty , cuju games were standardised and rules were established. Phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. Athenaeus , writing in AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda and harpastum were played involving hands and violence. They all appear to have resembled rugby football and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football.
As with pre-codified " mob football ", the antecedent of all modern football codes, these three games involved more handling the ball than kicking. Other games included kemari in chuk-guk in Korea. Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other ball games played around the world FIFA has recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe ; the modern rules of association football are based on the midth century efforts to standardise the varying forms of football played in the public schools of England.
The history of football in England dates back to at least the eighth century AD; the Cambridge Rules , first drawn up at Cambridge University in , were influential in the development of subsequent codes, including association football. They were not universally adopted. During the s, many clubs unconnected to schools or universities were formed throughout the English-speaking world, to play various forms of football; some came up with their own distinct codes of rules, most notably the Sheffield Football Club , formed by former public school pupils in , which led to formation of a Sheffield FA in In , John Charles Thring of Uppingham School devised an influential set of rules; these ongoing efforts contributed to the formation of The Football Association in , which first met on the morning of 26 October at the Freemasons' Tavern in Great Queen Street , London.
The only school to be represented on this occasion was Charterhouse ; the Freemason's Tavern was the setting for five more meetings between October and December, which produced the first comprehensive set of rules. At the final meeting, the first FA treasurer, the representative from Blackheath , withdrew his club from the FA over the removal of two draft rules at the previous meeting: the first allowed for running with the ball in hand.