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I love it, is better than expected.

I highly recommend this book for anyone that either professionally works with trauma survivors or is a survivor themselves. I am a person coming to terms with my life as a child in a violent family situation and the physical injuries I received some forty years ago.

I found my inner thoughts and feelings being expressed on the pages of this book as if she had interviewed me!! Often she expressed what I had been feeling but had not quite found the words to express. It was definitely a cathartic experience reading this book. If you are a survivor like me, you may experience wild swings of emotion as you read this book. This is a companion piece to Traumatic Incident Reduction Theory and a must read to better understand its psychological intent.

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Shattered Assumptions: Towards a New Psychology of Trauma - Ronnie Janoff-Bulman - Google книги

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Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. Amazon Prime Music Stream millions of songs, ad-free. The belief in predictability is represented in Janoff-Bulman's meaningfulness assumption see below , and invulnerability is afforded by the three fundamental assumptions she posits.

There is therefore consistency across the two views. This assumption concerns one's overall impression of the goodness or virtue of the world.

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This constitutes two sub-assumptions: the benevolence of the world as an entity, and the benevolence of the people in that world. These core beliefs begin to develop through early interactions with caregivers. These two ideas can develop independently through selecting experiences, but aren't exempt from influencing one another. Measuring this type of assumption has been done using the Negative Cognitions about the World subscale of the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory. The second fundamental assumption addresses not only why events happen in our world, but why they happen to specific people.

A meaningful world is one that makes sense--it is one in which we can see the contingency between a person and his or her outcomes. In other words, an outcome, positive or negative, makes sense when it corresponds to the person's behavior or character; such a world is predictable and what happens to us is not random.

When an unjust event happens to an 'undeserving' person it is viewed as unfair or wrong. Bad, careless people are expected to experience negative events. When a person who is good in the eyes of their loved ones dies young of an illness, it seems unfair, particularly to the loved ones of the deceased.

Thus, the early death of someone who is "deserving of good things" can shatter the assumption that the world is meaningful or logical. The final fundamental assumption evaluates one's self as a positive, moral, and decent--and thus deserving of good outcomes in life. Individuals' assessment of their self-worth contributes to their success in life. According to the theory, there are some extreme events, which we would refer to as traumatic, that shatter these worldviews.

They severely challenge and break our assumptions about the world and ourself. Such events could be the unwarranted murder of a loved one, being critically injured, or losing a job and not having an income.

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Such events are particularly traumatic for people who have had a generally positive life. Because these people have such strong, optimistic assumptions, the disintegration of these views can be more traumatic.

In this scale there are 32 items divided into the three major scales. An early version of the scale included eight subscales: benevolence of the world, benevolence of people, controllability, justice, randomness, self-worth, self-control, and luck. Controllability, justice and randomness reverse-scored comprise the meaningfulness scale, and self-worth, self-control, and luck reverse-scored comprise the self-worth scale.

The WAS is used in order to assess the magnitude of disintegration experienced by individuals. Once one has experienced such trauma, it is necessary for them to create new assumptions or modify their old ones to recover from the traumatic experience. Basic life assumptions are norms that are generally not discussed or even recognized until they are questioned or challenged due to life-changing occurrences, such as criminal assault, serious illness or off-time loss of a loved one.

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Popular Features. New Releases. Description This book investigates the psychology of victimization.