Among his Geistliche Lieder, published in and , the best known are Auferstehn, ja auf ersteht, wirst du, mein Staub, nach kurzer Ruh; Selig sind des Himmels Erben. Klopstock Sttrig toofjnten mir f ier, eitrig! O fdf one mein! Germany from the invasions of the Hungarians. Wir toinfet if r eiferner 2lrm! GL Krieger! HB fie: Gnttfefcen! In his early youth he admired and imitated Klopstock's poetry.
The English Deists and French Encyclopedists, which were well repre- sented in the count's library, began to exert a decided influence on Wieland 's intellectual development. In he obtained a professorship of philosophy in the University of Erfurt, and in he was called to Weimar as tutor of the prince Karl August. Here he remained until his death in 18 13, devoting all his time and energy to poetry and study, a highly esteemed member of the distinguished circle which gathered around Goethe, Herder and Schiller.
Briefe 4, Sie fprachen Diel, aber immer ohne fid einen 2lugenblicf in bebenfen, a 3 fie fagen toollten, ober to t e fie e3 fagen tooEten. SDte Seepferbe unb! Ergreift ibn! In he went to Berlin in order to learn bis father's trade, but art and literature were more attractive to him. He died in his native town to which he rendered great Services in his office as Senator 9?
They were written in rhythmic prose, as were also his pas- toral romance Daphnis and his epic Der Tod Abels He was a great orator, poet and musician. Because of the revolutionary tone in his review, Deutsche Chronik 17 7 78 , Duke Karl Eugen had him arrested and imprisoned in the Castle of Hohenasperg. But in 1 It is a philippic against tyrants. His sad lot in prison he describes in the poem Der Gefangene.
Schubart's literary produetions as well as his tragic fate made a strong impression on the youthful mind of Schiller. Snbe OftoberS nafjm bie Werbung tbren Anfang, unb fdjon am Unter ben Offisteren, bie mit biefem 9? Schu- bart himself writes to Himburg on Feb. Der 2lbfd ieb mad t uns fonft gu toetd. Unb Im! Unb alles banft unb fingt. He died at AschafTenburg. Heinse's novels con- tain discussions on art which still have some value. In Ardinghello he has many interesting remarks on paint- ing, and in his novel Hildegard von Rohenthai , he gives fine observations on the art of music.
Both as novelist and art critic Heinse had considerable influ- ence on the romantic school. Slrbingljetto The hero of this romance is an artist and a dreamer, who even- tually founds a State on some Grecian isles. The plot is almost as extravagant as that of the early " Storm and Stress " dramas. The praise of virtue, Hberty and patriotism was the principal theme of their poetic productions. The founders of the Almanach were Boie 1 and Gotter 1 The latter's connection with the Almanach, however, did not last long. Voss, ed. Leipzig, I, 91 seq. Later the two counts Stolberg, Christian and Friedrich Leopold, joined them.
Sympathetic friends assisted him in getting a good education. He attracted Boie's attention by some verses written for the Almanach. After the year he lived in Wandsbeck, editing the Musenalmanach. He was rector of a school, first in Ottendorf, then in Eutin, a post he had to give up because of ill health. The subject is the courtship and wedding of Luise, who marries a young pastor.
Der siebzigste Geburtstag is another of his idylls well worth mentioning. Tamm, a schoolmaster cele- brates his seventieth birthday; his son, who has just been ordained, visits him on that day with his young wife to celebrate the occasion. SBef unb oertrau! Schwer ift aller beginn; toer getroft fortgebet, ber fommt an! Never in good health, his unhappy life was cut short by consumption at the age of twenty-eight.
Alternating with cheerful- ness and pleasure in life we find expressions of deep melancholy and intense longing for death. Both were ardent admirers of Klopstock and deeply influenced by his patriotic spirit and his love of nature. A volume of Gedichte by both appeared in While some of the poems were bombastic declamations against tyrants, the collection as a whole helped to arouse and keep alive the national feeling which was to break forth with great force during the wars of liberation. The talent of the poets shows to most advantage in their translations from Greek.
He studied at first theoiogy and afterwards law at Jena, and became an intimate friend of Klopstock, Voss and the two Stolbergs. After he had finished his studies at Jena, he lived chielly at Wandsbeck, where, under the name of Asmus, he contributed essays, reviews and poems to the Wandsbecker Bote, of which he was editor for a number of years. LIe died at Hamburg in the house of his son-in-law, the bookseller Perthes.
He was born at Molmers wende, near Halberstadt. Domestic troubles, an unfortunate love-affair with his wife's sister and perpetual financial difficulties made his life a tragic one. The background is the Seven Years' War 1 William, Lenore's lover, has fallen in the battle of Prague, and she, in despair, rebels against God's providence.
According to the legend, the bridegroom, killed in battle, fetches his bride in order to carry her by moonlight on a wild ride to the grave. O toef , o tuet mir Hrmen! Sitter 2Balm! Verloren ift Verloren! O Butter! Unb roemeft ober latyt bu? Unb fyordj! Afra in Meissen, and in he became a Student at the University of Leipzig. At first he attended lectures on theology and medicine, but soon he gave up these studies in order to devote himself entirely to literature.
Mylius, a journalist. He was much attracted by the stage, and, what seemed daring at that time, he was on friendly terms with the actors of Frau Neuber's Company. In , after a short sojourn at Wittenberg, he returned to Berlin and re- mained there until In we find him again at Leipzig, where he became strongly attached to Ewald Christian von Kleist, the poet. The next year he returned to Berlin, but left two years later in order to become secretary to General von Tauenzin at Breslau.
In , for the fourth time he made Berlin his home. His death occurred, after a short illness, in Braunschweig. His lyric poems are written in the anacreontic style. His didactic writings are partly in the form of epigrams, partly in that of fables in prose. Among Lessing's dramas the best known are: Minna von Barnhelm, Lustspiel, ; Emilia Galotti, Trauerspiel, ; Nathan der Weise, a play which embodies in poetic form Lessing's ethical and religious ideas.
In this work Lessing intended to Supplement and correct Winckelmann's esthetic views. The latter had compared unfavorably the cries of pain uttered by Laokoon and his sons in Vergil Eneid II with the calm suffering of the plastic figures in the famous group of Laokoon, a work apparently dating from the second Century b. The sculptor, who appeals only to the eye, naturally has to express feelings in a way different from the poet, who appeals to the mind through the ear.
Lessing tried to do away with the confusion of poetry with plastic art; above all he wished to abolish the word-painting, which had been introduced into Ger- many particularly through Breitinger's influence. He argued that in good poetry persons and things are described indirectly by means of actions, and he illus- trated this statement by examples chosen, for the most part, from Homer. The ideas embodied in Laokoon introduced a new principle into esthetics and exercised considerable in- fluence on Lessing's contemporaries.
Goethe, in his epic Hermann und Dorothea and Schiller in his philo- sophical poem Der S praziergang tried to conform to the rules laid down by Lessing. Stttttgebtcfyte 1. He shows that the French models, Cor- neille, Voltaire, Diderot, etc. While the French writers maintained that their drama was in accordance with the rules of Aristotle, Lessing proved that they misunderstood Aristotle's "Poetics," hence their classical tragedy was not dramatic poetry of the first order. He called the attention of his country- men to the superiority of Shakespeare as a dramatist and expressed the hope that he would serve as an example to German writers.
True religion is compared with a ring Act III, which possesses the secret power to make the owner pleasing to God and man. For centuries this ring had belonged to one family, the father of each generation leaving it at his death to the son whom he considered most worthy of its possession. Now it hap- pened that one of the fathers had three sons whom he loved equally well, and in order not to disappoint two of them he had two other rings made exactly like the first. At the father's death the true ring cannot be identified, and a dispute arises between the three sons on that account — in the same way as Christian, Jew and Mohammedan dispute regarding the possession of the true religion.
Since the true ring is said to impart love to God and man, the judge advises each son to act in accordance with this requirement, and thus prove that his ring is the genuine one. Man unterfudjt, man gemft, Man flagt. Xcnft iftr, bafj td 9? Sure 9iinge Sinb alle bret ntdjt ed t. His early childhood was much embittered by privations. But the sight of the first surgical Operation which he had to witness proved so great a shock to his highly sensitive Constitu- tion that he decided to take up the study of theology instead.
Hamann 1 , whose original and profound ideas on language and poetry exercised a lasting influence on him.
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It was through Hamann's aid that the poet obtained a position in the jDontfdjuIe at Riga where he stayed for five years 1 Despite his success as teacher, writer and preacher, he left the latter place in order to widen his experience and to acquaint himself with the best educational establish- ments of other countries. His travels took him by sea to Nantes, and several months were spent in France.
While at Paris, Herder was appointed traveling com- panion and tutor to the Prinz von Holstein. They pro- ceeded on their way to Italy, but Herder accompanied the young man only as far as Strassburg and was glad when the appointment came to an end, since the position had become irksome to him.
He had not been there long before he became president of the Dberfonftftortum. In the Elector of Bavaria knighted him. With Herder one of the most remarkable geniuses of this period passed away. A critical pathfmder as great as Lessing, he pointed out with prophetic instinct the future course which the intellectual development of Germany was to take. While on the whole Herder's poetry does not rank with that of the other classics, many of his poems are distinguished by a great depth of thought and sentiment. Finally there is to be mentioned the metrical romance Der Cid, nach spanischen Romanzen besungen , a masterly adap- tion of Spanish legends and ballads.
Miltes ging Oerloren. Unb alte f at ba3 2luge gefefyen! Sbtnarb, gbtoarb! D td f ab' gef plagen meinen eier tot, Butter, Butter! D idj f ab' gefdjtagen mein 9? SMoarb, Sbtoarb! Sbtoarb, Sbtoarb! Gsbtoarb, Sbtoarb! Herder Unb e3 n ieberfanb nttb unbesniittgbar bettete? The search for the manifestations of man's original nature led to the discovery of the poetry of primitive peoples and of the folk-song, as well as to a profounder study of Homer and the oldest documents of Oriental poetry. Shakespeare, who was considered the most perfect type of the poetic genius, became the model for the drama.
A new ideal of man was proclaimed, the consummate embodiment of which was found in the Genius. The effect of the movement upon the development of the intellectual life in Germany was as deep as it was lasting, for many of its characteristic tendencies were revived at intervals during the nineteenth Century. Klinger, a native of Frankfort-on-the-Main, was the son of poor parents. After an adventurous military career he at last attained a high position in Russia as curator of the University of Dorpat.
The most notable of his plays is Der Wirrwarr oder Sturm und Drang , the work which gave the name to the movement. It is a noteworthy fact that the scen- ery of this drama is laid in America. In these stories, just as in his dramas, horrible pictures of human depravity in all courses of life are given. In his parents moved to Dor- pat, and it was at about this time that he began to compose sacred odes, in the manner of Klopstock. Rudolf Salzmann 1 He met Goethe and was seized with an almost tragic ambition to be recognized as the latter's equal.
Lenz had to accompany his young pupils to Fort Louis in the neighborhood of Strassburg, and while here, he feil in love with Goethe's friend, Friederike Elisabeth Brion , daughter of the pastor at Sesenheim. After Goethe's departure from Strassburg he hoped to succeed his friend in Friederike's affection, and to her he poured out songs and poems which were long attributed to Goethe himself. In he visited Weimar where he was most kindly received. For some tirne his eccentricities were a source of amuse- ment to Weimar society, until a tactless lampoon on Goethe, Frau von Stein and the Count forced him to make a hasty retreat.
In he became insane and in was removed from Emmendingen, where J. Schlosser 1 , Goethe's brother-in-law, had given him a home, to his native village. Here he lived in great poverty for several years and then was given the appointment of tutor in a private school near Mos- cow, where he died in Lenz's talent appears to most advantage in the two dramas Der Hofmeister, oder Vorteile der Privaterziehimg and Die Soldaten In these An- merkungen Lenz reveals a fine critical talent, and we are given a summary of the dramaturgic principles of the Sturm und Drang. Lenz agrees with Lessing in his contempt for the pseudo-classic drama of the French, but, unlike Lessing, he discards the rules of Aristotle.
In his lyrics Lenz resembles Goethe to such an extent, that it is still uncertain whether some of the poems in the Sesenheimer Liederbuch were written by Lenz or by Goethe. Weinhold, D. Butter ber Siebe, ber greuben, beS 28etn3! Fabula autem est una, non ut aliqui putant, si circa unum sit.
He studied law at Giessen and in was given an appointment in the paymaster's department at Darmstadt of which, a year later, he was made the head. For several years Merck exercised considerable influence upon the literary move- ment in Germany. Merck was an intimate friend of Goethe, on whom he exercised a wholesome influence in the early days of his literary career. Being a man of practical sense and good judgment, he managed to keep the young poet's enthusiasm in check and to lead him back to the path of prudence.
In imfortunate financial speculations brought Merck to the verge of bankruptcy, and although Goethe and other friends came to his assistance, his losses — combined with the death of five of his children — so preyed upon his mind that in June, , he committed suicide.
Merck distinguished himself chiefly as a critic, and as such he became a valuable guide to the young writers of the Sturm und Drang. He also wrote a number of short treatises dealing with literature and art. His letters are highly interesting and throw much light on the literary conditions of his time. SttoaS ift tnahr an ber Sad e. He became both a painter and a poet. In we find him settled in Rome. His song, Soldatenabschied, will never be forgotten.
Chief among these are Lichtenberg, von Hippel and Jean Paul. He made the acquaintance of a Russian ofricer, accompanied him to Petersburg and Kronstadt, and thus gained considerable knowledge of the world and of human nature. He first became known by comedies, such as Der Mann nach der Uhr Hippel has been called the forerunner of Jean Paul Richter whom he resembles in his habit of making con- stant digressions and in the introduction of scientific matter into his narrative.
Like Richter he was influ- enced by Laurence Sterne. Before he had finished the course, his father died, and the family was left in the greatest poverty. Hoping to earn his livelihood by giv- ing private lessons, he went to Leipzig to study theology; but we soon find him devoting most of his time to liter- ature. In he had to leave Leipzig and was forced for a while to live with his mother in a miserable attic at Hof.
Afterwards he accepted a position as tutor in the house of a friend, and later at Schwarzenbach for some time he gave elementary instruction to children. Finally, in , he succeeded in finding a publisher in Berlin for his humorous novel Die unsichtbare Loge. He immediately took the hun- dred ducats received for this work to his mother at Hof. His subsequent novels soon made him quite famous. Duchess Amalie honored him greatly when he visited Weimar in He became Herder's most intimate friend. Later on he paid visits to the courts of Gotha and Hildburghausen. In the author settled in Baireuth where he remained until his death.
Jean Paul also wrote Hesperus oder die 45 Hunds post- tage. By this latter word is meant that the Information concerning the persons in this novel is sent to the poet by a dog. This novel contains a humorous treatment of the same idea that Goethe, in a different manner, developed in the Wahlverwandtschaften. In Titan, mit einem komischen Anhange , the author traces the inner history of a German prince who grows up ignorant of his origin, and who ends by ascending the throne.
The hero is to impress us as an enlightened sovereign under whom the country gets on well. Al- though the book is meant to ridicule the ideals of the "Storni and Stress," Jean Paul does not attain his object, because his description of characters is exagger- ated and incredible. It may be called a biography, since the twin brothers mentioned in the story reflect Richter's nature as a poet and as a man. Paul embodied his experience as a writer and as a schoolmaster.
His last series of tales are, for the most part, purely humorous and depict queer characters in a realistic and amusing way. Jean Paul Jean Paul 3. Goethe, Schiller and Their Time The crowning result of the literary revolution known as the "Storni and Stress period" was the classical liter- ature of Germany, the chief representatives of which are Goethe and Schiller. With the works of their mature period of produetion, with Goethe's Iphigenie, Tasso, Wilhelm Meister and Faust, and with Schiller's Don Karlos, Wallenstein, Wilhelm Teil and his esthetic essays, German literature reaches its highest perfection both as to form and content.
It is the ideal of humanity which lives in these works and lends them an imperishable charm. In the creation of this new ideal of humanity the example of the ancients was, no doubt, most helpful, but it was, after all, essentially a product of the German mind, a product to which the great thinkers of the period, Kant, Fichte, Sendling and Hegel, contributed their share also. His father, a lawyer, was a well-to-do Citizen with the title of imperial counselor. At an early age he imparted to the boy a sense for everything beautiful as well as a strong love for earnest work.
Goethe's mother, the daughter of the mayor of Frankfort, was a woman of cheerful disposition, a vivid imagination and an incomparable gift for telling fairy tales, who exer- cised a strong influence on her son. His father, with the assistance of several private teachers, undertook to instruet him at home, and the boy acquired early a great amount of knowledge.
His literary instinets were first awakened by the stories of the Old Testament, and his imagination was stimulated by the pomp of an imperial coronation in the Frankfort town hall. But, like Lessing, he found the stage the greater attraction, and he soon occupied him- self with dramatic plans. Be- sides he devoted a good deal of his time to art and music. He studied drawing and painting, visited the picture gallery in Dresden and enjoyed concerts as much as the theater.
In the spring of he entered the university of Strass- burg.
List of compositions by Franz Schubert
But the deepest and most lasting impression was made upon him by the teachings of Herder. His influence meant the awakening of the innermost intellectual powers of the young poet, causing a revolution of his mind which affected the very roots of his existence. It was Herder who gave him the true conception of poetry as it is man- ifested in the folk-song, in Ossian and in Shakespeare. From this time also date some of Goethe's best lyric poems, called forth by his love for Friederike Brion, the daughter of the pastor of Sessenheim, a village near Strassburg.
In the fall of , after he had taken his degree as "licentiate of law," he returned to Frankfort and was admitted to the bar. Of great importance for the poet was his acquaintance with the young Erbprinz Karl August von Weimar 17 whom he met first at Frankfort and later on at Karlsruhe, when the poet was on his way to Switzerland with the two Grafen Stolberg Fol- io wing an invitation from the prince, who meanwhile had become grand duke of Weimar, Goethe went to Weimar in November, Here he became the most intimate friend of the Duke who in made him Councilor of the Legation with a seat and vote in the Privy Council, and in appointed him Prime Min- ister.
In the same year he was ennobled by imperial diploma. Goethe soon became the intellectual center of the Weimar circle of distinguished men and women such as Wieland, Herder, the Duchess Amalia, Frau von Stein and others. While the numerous professional duties as well as the great number of court festivities — for which he had to improvise poems — did not pro- mote his poetic activity, he nevertheless gained in ex- perience, while his love for Charlotte von Stein inspired such noble characters as Iphigenie and the Princess in Tasso.
Here Iphigenie, a psychological drama, was rewritten in verse form, Egmont was completed, and Tasso, of which he had taken only the first two acts in prose to Italy, was put into iambic verse and almost finished. At the same time he continued to work on Faust. In the spring of Goethe returned to Weimar.
Henceforth He was relieved of many of his ofhcial duties, and he found leisure for new poetic creations. In and he accompanied the Duke during the Prussian campaign in Champagne and at the siege of Mainz. While Goethe was absent in Italy, Schiller had come to Weimar. In the latter, at Goethe's Suggestion, obtained a professorship at Jena. But it was not until that the two great men became intimate friends. Goethe consented, and then a remarkable correspond- ence ensued, a monument to their friendship, lasting until Schiller's death.
Schiller incited Goethe to fresh poetical activity. In the Musenalmanach for , published in September, , we find Goethe's and Schiller's famous Xenien, i. In Goethe finished Wilhelm Meisters Lehr- jahre. During these years he wrote numerous ballads and the epic masterpiece Hermann und Dorothea, and completed the First Part of Faust. At the same time he took part in several artistic and scientific enterprises.
Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre and the Second Part of Faust were completed in 1, though the latter was not published until after the poet's death. Goethe died in the following year, March His most important works are: A. Poetry 1. Epic: Reineke Fuchs, ; Hermann und Dorothea, Besides these, numerous stories, novels and fairy tales. Besides these, numerous treatises on poetry, painting, architecture, etc. Sparta, gbler 9D? Goethe StoS erfte 90? Unb fo gefd al '3! SSarte mir, balbe 9? Du benfft biet toa3 rcdjts. SBiEft bn einen 2lnfrnf r erregen, toenn fie tf n gefangen nehmen?
SKir fann'8 redjt fein. SDort fef ' ich toieber eine 9? S t o r ber Sngel Sfjrift ift erftanben! Unb roaS nun? Sauft SCStr fommen ben 28eeg ntt. Sftod ein paar lieber! Suren 2Bein!
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Giebel mW trefflid mit 2Bof I! Sftod ein Moment. Sauft Stttte, 9ftaftfd toein! Stofet tfjn nieber! SUten SCSic reif! SBar ba3 beine ftafe? SSaren ba3 bie Trauben? Sin leibig Sieb! Siegel auf! Uub fingt ben 9? Sinen glof! Giebel 3anberei! Magna peccatrix [St. Sxft ftanben fie alle bon fern, unb toie ifjre 9? Sr oerf parte es auf ein anbermal, too e3 if m aud j gelang. Goethe 3allaben Site nnn unb gefje mt bem Baffertopf! Unb fie taufen! His mother, the daughter of the master baker Kodweis, was a woman of gentleness and warm feelings.
Born at Marbach on November 10, the boy was four years old when the family removed to Lorch, and seven when they settled in Ludwigsburg. Here he was sent to the Latin school which he attended for six years. Duke Karl Eugen, anxious to have promising scholars for his new Academy at the Solitude near Ludwigsburg, induced the father to send his son there, and Schiller entered the school in Here he began to study jurisprudence. In spite of the strict military discipline he found time to gratify his love for poetry.
The more he indulged in his favorite occupation, the greater became his dis- like for enforced professional studies. A request for permission to study theology instead of law was declined by the Duke. A slight change for the better came when the school, in , was transferred to Stuttgart under the name of J? Here Schiller was allowed to join the newly established medical department. Again he had to satisfy his literary aspirations in secret; he read Shakespeare in Wieland's translation, Herder's and Lessing's writings, Rousseau and Voltaire.
In December, , Schiller left the Academy entitled to practise medicine. He became a military surgeon at Stuttgart. The play was performed first in at the Mannheim Theater, directed by Freiherr von Dalberg. This tyrannical command induced the young poet to resolve upon night, and during the night of September 17 he and his friend Streicher left Stuttgart secretly and went to Mannheim.
He hoped to find a position there as playwright. But disappointment awaited him, and for some time his Situation was desperate. Here he arranged the stage version of his second play, Fiesko , and finished Kabale und Liebe "Intrigue and Love," Here he also began Don Karlos. Now von Dalberg offered him the desired post at Mannheim, but unfortunately the position did not help Schiller out of his straitened circumstances. Illness contributed to his discomfort. All the more welcome therefore was the invitation from unknown friends in Leipzig, who had previously sent him sub- stantial aid.
In Schiller followed the invitation and spent the summer months at the village of Gohlis near Leipzig. Here he could work at leisure. In the summer of Schiller paid his first visit to Weimar. Shortly afterwar ds he was introduced to the family of Frau von Lengefeld in Rudolstadt, whose youngest daughter later on became his wife. Here again he devoted himself to literary work.
In the following year he mar- ried Charlotte von Lengefeld, a relative of his former benefactress, Frau von Wolzogen. A salary of thaler about dollars seemed to him sufhcient for a household of his own. In spite of the small income Schiller would not have troubled about the future had it not been for a serious illness which darkened his prospects and caused him great worry.
It was during his convalescence that he made a study of Kant's philos- ophy. His acquaintance and subsequent intimate friendship with Goethe led him to resume his poetic activity. In this latter publication appeared the famous Xenien , i. In addition to a great number of shorter poetical works ballads, die Glocke, etc.
As an acknowledgment of his great literary merits he was knighted by Emperor Franz II in , and in the duke of Weimar, unwilling to lose him, doubled his salary of thaler. But it remained a fragment of scarcely two acts. On April 29, , he was seriously taken ill in the theater, and his death occurred on May 9 of the same year. Schiller's most important works are: A. SBtttft bu e3 Riffen? Schiller Silage ber SereS 3? Verlorne klagen! Sin gluft ber Unterwelt. SDtorft bu? SS ift mir ja fo leidfit, fo noof I. Sftetn, nein, nein!
Daniel DI 31jr feib e r n ft 1 i dj franf. S r a n 3a freilid , freilid! Sr fjat ben 33erftanb bertoren. Safe bir erjagten. Slpoftelgefdjidjte 12, 9. Senn'S aber bodj ttmre? SSarum nicht? Unfelige 33erbre! Wit offnen futterarmen 1 i. Qa — 3a — toieberfjoF es. Schiller 1 i. SSamm fommt fte mcfjt?
SEBer fann e3 beffer audj mit 3f uen meinen! Auftritt [Vorige. Stella Sin fleiner, alter 9D? Waxxa Stuart V. WIM f ter? Stefjt auf! Scbt nuu U Sebt tooft! Sebt etoig tooft! Sr erfdjien felbft in 9? Sine feiner erften 3nftruftionen toax, bie 2lbfefeung SBattenftetnS mit Sifer in betreiben. Unb gerabe fo geigt ftdj ber Sftealtft, fotoofjl in feinem SS i f f e n als in feinem Zun.
Benzmann: Die deutsche Ballade. Eine Auslese. Leipzig Halle seq. Braune: Neudrucke deutscher Literaturwerke des Buchheim: Balladen und Romanzen. London With a Preface by Gerh. Oxford 1. Goedeke u. Tittmann: Deutsche Dichter des Deutsche Dichter des Hatfield: German Lyrics and Ballads. Boston Hentschel, G. Hey, R. Meyer und O.
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- HELL UNDER HAYDOCK, The Lyme Pit Explosion, Haydock, Lancashire, 26th February 1930?
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- Der Aufsichtsrat: Wirksame Überwachung der Unternehmensleitung (Beck kompakt) (German Edition).
Klenze: Deutsche Gedichte. New York New edn. Stuttgart Mueller: Deutsche Gedichte. Oxford ; ed. Lichtenstein in 2 vols. Oxford ; new edn. Berlin Seuffert u. Sauer: Deutsche Literaturdenkmale des Jahr- hunderts. Heilbronn now Berlin , seq. As was stated there, no attempt is made in this book to give an exhaustive bibliography.
Thomas: An Anthology of German Literature. Wackernagel: Deutsches Lesebuch. Basel , 5. White: Deutsche Volkslieder. New York and London, Copies of title pages, portraits of authors and other illustrations are contained in G. Marburg Luthers Werke, Kritische Gesamtausgabe. Weimar seq. The new Standard edition; some 40 volumes have been issued. In course of publication. Stuttgart, s. Halle III, 2. Unter Mitwirkung von A.
Leitzmann hrsg. Bonn To be complete in 4 vols. Sein Leben u. Elberfeld ; 5. Berlin ; kleine Ausgabe Kolde: M. Gotha Hausrath: Luthers Leben. Smith: The Life and Letters of M. Boston 1 with bibliography. McGiffert: M. The Man and his Work. New York 1 illustrated. Eine Schilderung von Gustav Freytag. Kirchenlieder by Luther and his Followers. Klippgen, in Br. Kinzel: Kunst- und Volkslied in der Reformationszeit.
III, 4. Wackernagel: Bibliographie zur Geschichte des deutschen Kirchenliedes im Leipzig , 5 vols. Koch: Geschichte des Kirchenlieds und Kirchengesangs der christ- lichen, insbesondere der deutschen evangelischen Kirche. Stuttgart , 8 vols. Wolff: Das deutsche Kirchenlied des Fischer: Kirchen- lieder-Lexikon. Gotha , 2 vols. Supplement , and Das evangelische deutsche Kirchenlied des Jahrhunderts, ed. Dietz: Die Restauration des evan- gelischen Kirchenliedes, Marburg Baumker: Das katholische deutsche Kirchenlied.
Freiburg , 4 vols. Beck: Geschichte des katholischen Kirchenliedes. Translation of the Bible. A faithful photo- lithographic facsimile of this so-called September Bible appeared in Berlin , with an introduction by J. The last edition by Luther himself dates from On this latter edition is based the critical one by Bindseil and Niemeyer. On account of the many arbitrary changes intro- duced by various editors a revision became necessary, the results of which are contained in the following edition: Die Bibel nach der deutschen Ubersetzung Dr. Im Auftrage der Deutschen evangel. Kirchenkonferenz durchgesehene Ausgabe.
Kamp- hausen: Die berichtigte Lutherbibel. Rektoratsrede mit Anmerkungen. An den christlichen Adel deutscher Nation. Luthers Deutsche Briefe hrsg. Leipzig ; — F. Bobertag in D N L. Spanier in Br. Spanier, ibid. Goedeke in D. Mlttcfi bon Hutten, p. Leipzig ; — selections of his German writings by G. Balke in D N L. Strauss: Ulrich von Hutten.
Tittmann, 2 Bde. Leipzig , in D. Halle , in Br. Wolff, D N L. Drescher, 6 Bde. Leipzig Insel- Verlag 1. Goedeke and J. Tittmann in D. Leipzig 1. Teil: Geistliche u. Teil: Sprachgeschichte; 3. Teil: Dramatische Gedichte ; — by B. Arnold in D N L. Kinzel in Denkm. ILT, 1. Nancy Genee: Hans Saclis und seine Zeit. Kurz in 3 Bdn. Goedeke Dichtun- gen J. Fischarts in D. Leipzig , and by A. Hauff en in DN L. Baech- told. Aisleben is found in Br.
Halle , and of Aller Praktik Gross- mutter, in the same series 2. Erich Schmidt's article on Fischart in the Allgemeine deutsche Biographie 7 , 31 seq. Paris Martin flDptt? Leipzig ; — by J. Leipzig ; — and by H. Oesterley in D N L. Braune in Br. I, 2d edn. Halle , and together with Ari- starchus, by G.
Witkowski, Leipzig , and also of the Teutsche Poemata of , by G. Witkowski Jahrhunderts, p. Breslau , and C. Berghoeffer: M. Opitz' Buch von der deut- schen Poeterei. Stuttgart in Bibliothek des Litter. Vereins 73, 82, Stuttgart , in DNL. Lessing and K.
Ramler who first drew attention to their merits; a 2d edn. Eitner Leipzig , and by H. Palm Oesterley in Leipzig , and in DNL. Paul BtrJatM. Wackernagel in , has often been reprinted. CBeozis jReumatL p. Emil Koch: Geschichte des Kirchenliedes. Passau u. Lindau Clara: Das Gediegenste aus seinen Werken. Heilbronn Wien Sauer: Auf, auf ihr Christen. Wiener Neu- drucke I. Bobertag: Judas der Ertzschelm. Karajan: Abraham a Santa Clara. Kopenhagen, Denmark, ca. Beaumont ca. George J. Mueller, Rec. Collection of audio documents of paranormal phenomena including trance speech, direct voices, clairvoyance, xenoglossy, glossolia including ethnological material, paranormal music, "rappings" and other poltergeist manifestations as well as so-called "Electronic voice phenomena".
Tracklisting as reproduced within page booklet in German and English. Label Code: LC Add Review. Have: 79 Want: Avg Rating: 5. In my digital collection Experiments, gimmick and concept albums, bands and labels. Expansion by BrandonDunlap. Contributors 3silences33 , 8m2stereo , attimmmut , pozz.
Janet Age 11 , Rec. Enfield, England, January Margaret Age 13 , Rec. Enfield, England, February Der "Bessenheits" Fall Anneliese Michel Klingenberg, Deutschland Rita Goold, Medium. Rita Goold As "Russell", Rec. Leicester, England, 18th November Jack Sutton, English Trance-Medium. Jack Sutton Contacts Dead Airmen. Minnie Harrison , English Materialisation-Medium. Sam Speaks Through Trumpet, Rec. Middlesbrough, England, 5th January Douglas Materialises And Speaks, Rec.
Leslie Flint , Independent Voice-Medium. London, England, 2nd May London, England, 5th April London, England, 17th November Mrs Leonard With Reverend C. London, England, 6th January Einer Nielsen , Danish Materialisation-Medium. Iris Biralli Boraso, Brasilian Medium. Bad Herrenalb, Deutschland, 26th October Rudi Schneider , Austrian Medium. Trance-Breathing, Rec.
London, England, Concerning Harry Houdini , Escape Artist.